O. J. Simpson

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"The Juice" redirects here. For other uses, see Juice (disambiguation).
O. J. Simpson
O.J. Simpson 1990 · DN-ST-91-03444 crop.JPEG
Simpson photographed in 1990
No. 32
Running back
Personal information
Date of birth: (1947-07-09) July 9, 1947 (age 67)
Place of birth: San Francisco, California
Height: 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) Weight: 212 lb (96 kg)
Career information
High school: San Francisco (CA) Galileo
College: Southern California
NFL Draft: 1969 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1
Debuted in 1969 for the Buffalo Bills
Last played in 1979 for the San Francisco 49ers
Career history
Career highlights and awards

NCAA

NFL

Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards 11,236
Average 4.7
Rushing TDs 61
Stats at NFL.com

Orenthal James "O. J." Simpson (born July 9, 1947), also nicknamed "The Juice", is a retired American football player, broadcaster, actor and convicted felon currently incarcerated in Nevada. Simpson was the first professional football player to rush for more than 2,000 yards in a season, a mark he set in 1973. While six other players have passed the 2,000-rush yard mark, he stands alone as the only player to rush for more than 2,000 yards in a 14-game season (professional football changed to a 16-game season in 1978). He holds the record for the single season yards-per-game average, which stands at 143.1 ypg. Simpson was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985.

After retiring from professional football, Simpson had a career as a football broadcaster and actor.

In 1995, he was acquitted of the 1994 murder of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman after a lengthy and internationally publicized criminal trial, the People v. Simpson. In 1997, a civil court awarded a judgment against Simpson for their wrongful deaths; to date he has paid little of the $33.5 million judgment.[2]

In September 2007, Simpson was arrested in Las Vegas, Nevada, and charged with numerous felonies, including armed robbery and kidnapping.[3] In 2008, he was found guilty[4][5] and sentenced to 33 years' imprisonment, with a minimum of nine years without parole.[6] He is serving his sentence at the Lovelock Correctional Center in Lovelock, Nevada.[7]

Early life

Simpson was born in San Francisco, the son of Eunice (née Durden; October 23, 1921 – San Francisco, California, November 9, 2001), a hospital administrator, and Jimmy Lee Simpson (Arkansas, January 29, 1920 – San Francisco, California, June 9, 1986), a chef and bank custodian.[8][9] Simpson's maternal grandparents were from Louisiana.[10] His aunt gave him the name Orenthal, which supposedly was the name of a French actor she liked.[11] Simpson has one brother, Melvin Leon "Truman" Simpson, one living sister, Shirley Simpson-Baker, and one deceased sister, Carmelita Simpson-Durio. As a child, Simpson developed rickets and wore braces on his legs until the age of five.[8] His parents separated in 1952 and he was raised by his mother.[12]

Growing up in San Francisco, Simpson lived in the housing projects of the Potrero Hill neighborhood.[13][14] In his early teenage years, he joined a street gang called the Persian Warriors and was briefly incarcerated at the San Francisco Youth Guidance Center.[8] At Galileo High School (currently Galileo Academy of Science and Technology) in San Francisco, Simpson played for the school football team, the Galileo Lions.

College football career

From 1965 to 1966, Simpson was a student at City College of San Francisco, a member of the California Community College system. He played both offense (running back) and defense (defensive back) and was named to the Junior College All-American team as a running back.[15]

Simpson was awarded an athletic scholarship to the University of Southern California, where he played running back in 1967 and 1968. Simpson led the nation in rushing in 1967 when he ran for 1,543 yards and scored 13 touchdowns. He also led the nation in rushing the next year with 383 carries for 1,880 yards.[16]

In 1967, he starred in the 1967 USC vs. UCLA football game and was a Heisman Trophy candidate as a junior, but he did not win the award. His 64-yard touchdown run in the fourth quarter tied the game, with the extra point after touchdown providing the win. This was the biggest play in what is regarded as one of the greatest football games of the 20th century.[17]

Another dramatic touchdown in the same game is the subject of the Arnold Friberg oil painting, O.J. Simpson Breaks for Daylight. Simpson also won the Walter Camp Award in 1967 and was a two-time consensus All-American.[18] He ran in the USC sprint relay quartet that broke the world record in the 4x110 yard relay at the NCAA track championships in Provo, Utah in June 1967. (While this time has not been beaten, the IAAF now refers to it as a world's best, not a world record. The scarcity of events over distances measured in imperial units resulted in the designation change in 1976.)[19]

In 1968, he rushed for 1,709 yards and 22 touchdowns, earning the Heisman Trophy, the Maxwell Award, and the Walter Camp Award that year. He still holds the record for the Heisman's largest margin of victory, defeating the runner-up by 1,750 points. In the 1969 Rose Bowl, where No. 2 USC faced No. 1 Ohio State, Simpson ran for 171 yards, including an 80-yard touchdown run in a 16–27 loss.[20]

Professional football career

Buffalo Bills

Simpson was drafted by the AFL's Buffalo Bills, who got first pick in the 1969 AFL-NFL Common Draft after finishing 1–12–1 in 1968. Early in his professional football career, Simpson struggled on poor Buffalo teams, averaging only 622 yards per season for his first three.

He first rushed for more than 1,000 yards in 1972, gaining a total of 1,251. In 1973, Simpson rushed for a record 2,003 yards, becoming the first player ever to pass the 2,000-yard mark, and scored 12 touchdowns. Simpson gained more than 1,000 rushing yards for each of his next three seasons. From 1972 to 1976, Simpson averaged 1,540 rushing yards per (14 game) season, 5.1 yards per carry, and he won the NFL rushing title four times. Simpson had the best game of his career during the Thanksgiving game against the Detroit Lions on November 25, 1976, when he rushed for a then record 273 yards on 29 attempts and scoring two touchdowns.

Simpson's 1977 season in Buffalo was cut short by injury.

San Francisco 49ers

Before the 1978 season, the Bills traded Simpson to the San Francisco 49ers for a series of draft picks.[21] He played two seasons.

Summary

Simpson gained 11,236 rushing yards, placing him 2nd on the NFL's all-time rushing list when he retired; he now stands at 18th. He was named NFL Player of the Year in 1973, and played in six Pro Bowls. He was the only player in NFL history to rush for over 2,000 yards in a 14 game season and he's the only player to rush for over 200 yards in six different games in his career. Simpson was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985, his first year of eligibility.[22]

Simpson acquired the nickname "Juice" as a play on "O. J.", an informal abbreviation for "Orange Juice". "Juice" is also a colloquial synonym for electricity or electrical power, and hence a metaphor for any powerful entity; the Bills' offensive line at Simpson's peak was nicknamed "The Electric Company."[23]

NFL records

  • Fastest player to gain 1,000 rushing yards in season- 1,025 in 7 games in 1973 and 1,005 in 7 games in 1975- tied with Terrell Davis[24]
  • Fastest player to gain 2,000 rushing yards in season- 2,003 in 14 games in 1973

Career Stats

Season Rushing Receiving
Year Team GP GS Att Yds TD Lng Y/A Y/G A/G Rec Yds TD Lng Y/R R/G Y/G
1969 BUF 13 0 181 697 2 32 3.9 53.6 13.9 30 343 3 55 11.4 2.3 26.4
1970 BUF 8 8 120 488 5 56 4.1 61.0 15.0 10 139 0 36 13.9 1.3 17.4
1971 BUF 14 14 183 742 5 46 4.1 53.0 13.1 21 162 0 38 7.7 1.5 11.6
1972 BUF 14 14 292 1251 6 94 4.3 89.4 20.9 27 198 0 25 7.3 1.9 14.1
1973 BUF 14 14 332 2003 12 80 6.0 143.1 23.7 6 70 0 24 11.7 0.4 5.0
1974 BUF 14 14 270 1125 3 41 4.2 80.4 19.3 15 189 1 29 12.6 1.1 13.5
1975 BUF 14 14 329 1817 16 88 5.5 129.8 23.5 28 426 7 64 15.2 2.0 30.4
1976 BUF 14 13 290 1503 8 75 5.2 107.4 20.7 22 259 1 43 11.8 1.6 18.5
1977 BUF 7 7 126 557 0 39 4.4 79.6 18.0 16 138 0 18 8.6 2.3 19.7
1978 SF 10 10 161 593 1 34 3.7 59.3 16.1 21 172 2 19 8.2 2.1 17.2
1979 SF 13 8 120 460 3 22 3.8 35.4 9.2 7 46 0 14 6.6 0.5 3.5
Career -- 135 116 2404 11236 61 94 4.7 83.2 17.8 203 2142 14 64 10.6 1.5 15.9
9 yrs BUF 112 98 2123 10183 57 94 4.8 90.9 19.0 175 1924 12 64 11.0 1.6 17.2
2 yrs SF 23 18 281 1053 4 34 3.7 45.8 12.2 28 218 2 19 7.8 1.2 9.5
  • Abbreviation Key:

GP: Games Played, GS: Games Started, Att: Rushing Attempts, Y/A: Yards per Attempt, Y/G: Yards per Game Played, A/G: Rushing Attempts per Game Played, Rec: Receptions, Y/R: Yards per Reception, R/G: Receptions per Game Played, Y/G: Receiving Yards per Game Played.[25]

Acting career

Simpson in 1990 in Saudi Arabia while visiting American troops during the lead-up to the first Gulf War

Even before his retirement from football and in the NFL, Simpson embarked on a successful film career with parts in films such as the television mini-series Roots (1977), and the dramatic motion pictures The Klansman (1974), The Towering Inferno (1974), The Cassandra Crossing (1976), Capricorn One (1978), and the comedic Back to the Beach (1987) and The Naked Gun trilogy (1988, 1991, 1994). In 1979, he started his own film production company, Orenthal Productions, which dealt mostly in made-for-TV fare such as the family-oriented Goldie and the Boxer films with Melissa Michaelsen (1979 and 1981) and Cocaine and Blue Eyes (1983), the pilot for a proposed detective series on NBC. NBC was considering whether to air Frogmen, another series starring Simpson, when his arrest canceled the project.[26]

Besides his acting career, Simpson worked as a commentator for Monday Night Football and The NFL on NBC.[27] He also appeared in the audience of Saturday Night Live during its second season and hosted an episode during its third season.[28][29]

Endorsements

Simpson's amiable persona and natural charisma landed him numerous endorsement deals. He was a spokesman for the Hertz rental car company, in whose commercials he was depicted running through airports, as if to suggest he were back on the football field. Simpson was also a longtime spokesman for Pioneer Chicken and owned two franchises, one of which was destroyed during the 1992 Los Angeles riots; as well as HoneyBaked Ham, the pX Corporation, and Calistoga Water Company's line of Napa Naturals soft drinks. He also appeared in comic book ads for Dingo cowboy boots.

Family life

Simpson with daughter, Sydney Brooke, 1986

On June 24, 1967, Simpson married Marguerite L. Whitley. Together they had three children: Arnelle L. Simpson (born December 4, 1968), Jason L. Simpson (born April 21, 1970), and Aaren Lashone Simpson (born September 24, 1977). In August 1979, Aaren drowned in the family's swimming pool a month before her second birthday.[30] Simpson and Whitley divorced that same year.[31]

On February 2, 1985, Simpson married Nicole Brown. They had two children, Sydney Brooke Simpson (born October 17, 1985) and Justin Ryan Simpson (born August 6, 1988). In 1989, Simpson pleaded no contest to a domestic violence charge and was separated from Nicole Brown, to whom he was paying child support. They divorced in 1992.

Legal history

Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman murders and trials

Nicole Brown and her friend Ronald Goldman were murdered on June 12, 1994. Simpson was charged with their deaths and subsequently acquitted of all criminal charges in a controversial criminal trial. In the unanimous jury findings of a civil court case in February 1997, Simpson was found liable for the wrongful death of Ronald Goldman and stabbing of Nicole Brown.

Simpson stayed in Denice Shakarian Halicki and Robert Kardashian's house during the days following the murders. Kardashian was the man seen carrying Simpson's garment bag the day that Simpson flew back from Chicago. Prosecutors speculated that the bag may have contained Simpson's bloody clothes or the murder weapon.[32]

Criminal trial for murder

On June 12, 1994, Brown and Goldman were found dead outside Brown's condominium. Simpson was charged with their murders. On June 17, after failing to turn himself in, he became the object of a low-speed pursuit in a white Ford Bronco SUV that interrupted coverage of the 1994 NBA Finals. The pursuit, arrest, and trial were among the most widely publicized events in American history. The trial, often characterized as "the trial of the century", culminated on October 3, 1995 in a jury verdict of not guilty for the two murders. An estimated 100 million people worldwide stopped what they were doing to watch or listen to the verdict announcement.[33] Immediate reaction to the verdict was notable for its division along racial lines: polls showed that most African-Americans felt that justice had been served by the "not guilty" verdict, while most white Americans did not.[34] O. J. Simpson's defense counsel included Johnnie Cochran, Robert Kardashian, and F. Lee Bailey.

Wrongful death civil trial

On February 5, 1997, a civil jury in Santa Monica, California, unanimously found Simpson liable for the wrongful death of and battery against Goldman, and battery against Brown. Daniel Petrocelli represented plaintiff Fred Goldman, Ronald Goldman's father. Simpson was ordered to pay $33,500,000 in damages. In February 1999, an auction of Simpson's Heisman Trophy and other belongings netted almost $500,000. The money went to the Goldman family.

A 2000 Rolling Stone article reported that Simpson still made a significant income by signing autographs. He subsequently moved from California to Miami. In Florida, a person's residence cannot be seized to collect a debt under most circumstances. The Goldman family also tried to collect Simpson's NFL $28,000 yearly pension[35] but failed to collect any money.[36]

On September 5, 2006, Goldman's father took Simpson back to court to obtain control over his "right to publicity" for purposes of satisfying the judgment in the civil court case.[2] On January 4, 2007, a Federal judge issued a restraining order prohibiting Simpson from spending any advance he may have received on a canceled book deal and TV interview about the 1994 murders. The matter was dismissed before trial for lack of jurisdiction.[2] On January 19, 2007, a California state judge issued an additional restraining order, ordering Simpson to restrict his spending to "ordinary and necessary living expenses".[2]

On March 13, 2007, a judge prevented Simpson from receiving any further compensation from the defunct book deal and TV interview. He ordered the bundled book rights to be auctioned.[37] In August 2007, a Florida bankruptcy court awarded the rights to the book to the Goldman family to partially satisfy an unpaid civil judgment. The book was renamed If I Did It: Confessions of the Killer, with the word "If" reduced in size to make it appear that the title was "I Did It: Confessions of the Killer". Additional material was added by members of the Goldman family, investigative journalist Dominick Dunne, and author Pablo Fenjves. The Goldman family was listed as the author.[38]

Alleged confession

Mike Gilbert, a memorabilia dealer and former agent and friend of Simpson, wrote a book titled How I Helped O.J. Get Away with Murder: The Shocking Inside Story of Violence, Loyalty, Regret and Remorse (2011).[39] He states that Simpson had smoked marijuana and taken a sleeping pill and was drinking beer when he allegedly confided, at his Brentwood home weeks after his trial, what happened the night of June 12, 1994. According to Gilbert, Simpson said, "If she hadn't opened that door with a knife in her hand...she'd still be alive."[40] Gilbert claimed Simpson had confessed. However, Simpson's current lawyer, Yale Galanter, said none of Gilbert's claims are true and that Gilbert is "a delusional drug addict who needs money. He has fallen on very hard times. He is in trouble with the Internal Revenue Service."[40]

Miscellaneous legal troubles

The State of California claims Simpson owes $1.44 million in past due taxes.[41] A tax lien was filed in his case on September 1, 1999.[42]

In the late 1990s, Simpson attempted to register "O.J. Simpson", "O.J.", and "The Juice" as trademarks for "a broad range of goods, including figurines, trading cards, sportswear, medallions, coins, and prepaid telephone cards."[43] A "concerned citizen", William B. Ritchie, sued to oppose the granting of federal registration on the grounds that doing so would be immoral and scandalous. Simpson gave up the effort in 2000.

In February 2001, Simpson was arrested in Miami-Dade County, Florida for simple battery and burglary of an occupied conveyance for allegedly yanking the glasses off another motorist during a traffic dispute three months earlier. If convicted, Simpson could have faced up to sixteen years in prison, but he was put on trial and quickly acquitted on both charges in October 2001.[44]

Simpson's Miami home was searched by the FBI on December 4, 2001 on suspicion of ecstasy possession and money laundering. The FBI had received a tip that O.J. Simpson was involved in a major drug trafficking ring after 10 other suspects were arrested in the case. Simpson's home was thoroughly searched for two hours, but no illegal drugs were discovered, and no arrest or formal charges were filed following the search. However, investigators uncovered equipment capable of stealing satellite television programming, which eventually led to Simpson's being sued in federal court.[45]

On July 4, 2002, Simpson was arrested in Miami-Dade County, Florida for speeding through a manatee protection zone and failing to comply with proper boating regulations.[46] Yale Galanter, his criminal defense attorney, was able to get the misdemeanor boating regulation charge dropped and Simpson only had to pay a fine for the speeding infraction.[47]

In March 2004, satellite television network DirecTV, Inc. accused Simpson in a Miami federal court of using illegal electronic devices to pirate its broadcast signals. The company later won a $25,000 judgment, and Simpson was ordered to pay an additional $33,678 in attorney's fees and costs.[48]

Las Vegas robbery

Orenthal James Simpson
Criminal charge
Robbery, kidnapping, coercion, conspiracy
Criminal penalty
Up to 33 years in state prison, eligible for parole after nine years
Criminal status
Incarcerated at Lovelock Correctional Center, Nevada
Motive Personal gain
Conviction(s) October 3, 2008

In September 2007, a group of men led by Simpson entered a room at the Palace Station hotel-casino and took sports memorabilia at gunpoint, which resulted in Simpson's being questioned by police.[49][50] Simpson admitted to taking the items, which he said had been stolen from him, but denied breaking into the hotel room; he also denied that he or anyone else carried a gun.[51][52] He was released after questioning.

Two days later, however, Simpson was arrested[3] and initially held without bail.[53] Along with three other men, Simpson was charged with multiple felony counts, including criminal conspiracy, kidnapping, assault, robbery, and using a deadly weapon.[54][55] Bail was set at $125,000, with stipulations that Simpson have no contact with the co-defendants and that he surrender his passport. Simpson did not enter a plea.[56][57]

By the end of October 2007, all three of Simpson's co-defendants had plea-bargained with the prosecution in the Clark County, Nevada court case. Walter Alexander and Charles H. Cashmore accepted plea agreements in exchange for reduced charges and their testimony against Simpson and three other co-defendants, including testimony that guns were used in the robbery.[58] Co-defendant Michael McClinton told a Las Vegas judge that he, too would plead guilty to reduced charges and testify against Simpson that guns were used in the robbery. After the hearings, the judge ordered that Simpson be tried for the heist.

Simpson's preliminary hearing, to decide whether he would be tried for the charges, occurred on November 8, 2007. He was held over for trial on all 12 counts. Simpson pleaded not guilty on November 29. Court officers and attorneys announced on May 22, 2008, that long questionnaires with at least 115 queries would be given to a jury pool of 400 or more.[59] Trial was reset from April to September 8, 2008.[59]

In January 2008, Simpson was taken into custody in Florida and flown to Las Vegas, where he was incarcerated at the county jail for allegedly violating the terms of his bail by attempting to contact Clarence "C.J." Stewart, a co-defendant in the trial. District Attorney David Roger of Clark County provided District Court Judge Jackie Glass with evidence that Simpson had violated his bail terms. A hearing took place on January 16, 2008. Glass raised Simpson's bail to US$250,000 and ordered that he remain in county jail until 15 percent was paid in cash.[60] Simpson posted bond that evening and returned to Miami the next day.[61]

Simpson and his co-defendant were found guilty of all charges on October 3, 2008.[4] On October 10, 2008, O. J. Simpson's counsels moved for new trial (trial de novo) on grounds of judicial errors (two African-American jurors were dismissed) and insufficient evidence.[62] Galanter announced he would appeal to the Nevada Supreme Court if Judge Glass denied the motion.[62] The attorney for Simpson's co-defendant, C.J. Stewart, petitioned for a new trial, alleging Stewart should have been tried separately, and cited perceived misconduct by the jury foreman, Paul Connelly.[62][63][64]

Simpson faced a possible life sentence with parole on the kidnapping charge, and mandatory prison time for armed robbery.[65] On December 5, 2008, Simpson was sentenced to a total of thirty-three years in prison[66] with the possibility of parole after about nine years, in 2017.[6] On September 4, 2009, the Nevada Supreme Court denied a request for bail during Simpson's appeal. In October 2010, the Nevada Supreme Court affirmed his convictions.[67] He is now serving his sentence at the Lovelock Correctional Center and his inmate ID number is #1027820.[68]

A Nevada judge agreed on October 19, 2012 to "reopen the armed robbery and kidnapping case against O.J. Simpson to determine if the former football star was so badly represented by his lawyers that he should be freed from prison and get another trial."[69] A hearing was held beginning May 13, 2013 to determine if Simpson is entitled to a new trial.[70]

On July 31, 2013, the Nevada Parole Board granted Simpson parole on some charges from armed robbery convictions, but he will continue to be held for at least four years on other charges.[71] On November 27, 2013, Judge Linda Bell denied Simpson's bid for a new trial on the robbery conviction. In her ruling, Bell wrote that all of Simpson's contentions lacked merit.[72] Legal experts do not expect the appeals court to overturn the ruling.

Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1968 Ironside Onlooker – uncredited TV Episode – "Price Tag Death"
Dragnet 1968 Student - uncredited TV Episode - "Community Relations DR:10"
1969 Medical Center Bru Wiley TV Episode "The Last 10 Yards"
1971 Why? The Athlete Short film
1972 Cade's County Jeff Hughes TV Episode "Blackout"
1973 Here's Lucy Himself TV Episode "The Big Game"
1974 The Klansman Garth
O. J. Simpson: Juice on the Loose Himself TV documentary
The Towering Inferno Jernigan
1976 The Cassandra Crossing Haley
Killer Force Alexander
1977 A Killing Affair Woodrow York TV
Roots Kadi Touray
1978 Capricorn One Cmdr. John Walker
1979 Firepower Catlett
Goldie and the Boxer Joe Gallagher TV (executive producer)
1980 Detour to Terror Lee Hayes TV (executive producer)
1981 Goldie and the Boxer Go to Hollywood Joe Gallagher TV (executive producer)
1983 Cocaine and Blue Eyes Michael Brennen TV (executive producer)
1983 Hambone and Hillie Tucker
1985–1991 1st & Ten T.D. Parker Five episodes
1987 Back to the Beach Man at Airport Uncredited
Student Exchange Soccer Coach TV
1988 The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! Detective Nordberg
1989 In the Heat of the Night Councilman Lawson Stiles TV Episode "Walkout"
1991 The Naked Gun 2½: The Smell of Fear Detective Nordberg
1993 CIA Code Name: Alexa Nick Murphy
No Place to Hide Allie Wheeler
1994 Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult Detective Nordberg
Frogmen John 'Bullfrog' Burke Unaired TV movie
2006 Juiced with O. J. Simpson Himself TV pay-per-view

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b c d "O.J. Simpson ordered to stop spending". CNN. May 3, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "O.J. Simpson's Las Vegas Police Arrest Report". FindLaw. September 16, 2007. Retrieved September 18, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "Simpson guilty of robbery, kidnap charges". MSNBC. October 3, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2008. 
  5. ^ 'O.J. Simpson guilty in armed robbery, kidnapping trial." CNN. October 4, 2008.
  6. ^ a b Friess, Steve (December 5, 2008). "Simpson Sentenced to at Least 9 Years in Prison". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2008. 
  7. ^ O.J. transferred to Lovelock, Las Vegas Sun, December 19, 2008.
  8. ^ a b c "A timeline of O.J. Simpson's life." CNN.
  9. ^ "O.J. Simpson Biography (1947–)." Film Reference.com.
  10. ^ "Ancestry of O.J. Simpson.", wargs.com.
  11. ^ Schwartz, Larry. "Before trial, Simpson charmed America.". ESPN. 2000.
  12. ^ Bruce, Aubrey (May 12, 2013). "Inside Conditions...only a mother could love". newpittsburghcourieronline.com. Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
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  15. ^ Blevins, David (2011). The Sports Hall of Fame Encyclopedia: Baseball, Basketball, Football, Hockey, Soccer. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 895. ISBN 0810861305. Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
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  17. ^ Peters, Nick. (1988) "College Football's Twenty-Five Greatest Teams." The Sporting News. Number 9 Southern California Trojans 1967. ISBN 0-89204-281-8.
  18. ^ University of Southern California Football Media Guide." PDF. Page 125 of the 2006 Edition. USC's ALL-AMERICANS. (Consensus All-American in 1967, Unanimous All-American in 1968).
  19. ^ "Athletics: World Record progression: Men: 4 × 100 m Relay" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. January 18, 2002. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003. Retrieved September 11, 2007. 
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  28. ^ "Ruth Gordon/Chuck Berry". Saturday Night Live. Season 2. Episode 12. 1977-01-22. NBC. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturday_Night_Live_(season_2).
  29. ^ "OJ Simpson/Ashford & Simpson". Saturday Night Live. Season 3. Episode 12. 1978-02-25. NBC. http://www.nbc.com/Saturday_Night_Live/episodes/Show_84.shtml.
  30. ^ Associated Press (June 19, 2010). "Simpson's Youngest Daughter Dies After 8 Days In Coma". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved June 19, 2010. 
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  43. ^ Ritchie v. Simpson, 170 F.3D 1092 (C.A.F.C., 1999)
  44. ^ Wilson, Catherine (October 25, 2001). "Jury clears O.J. Simpson of road-rage charges". The Independent (London). Associated Press. Retrieved November 25, 2009. 
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External links

Preceded by
Chevy Chase
Saturday Night Live Host
February 25, 1978
Succeeded by
Art Garfunkel