O. V. Vijayan
|Ootupulackal Velukkuty Vijayan|
July 2, 1930|
Palakkad, Malabar District, Madras Presidency, British India
|Died||March 30, 2005(aged 74)|
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer, cartoonist, journalist|
|Genres||Novel, short story|
|Literary movement||modernism, magical realism|
|Notable award(s)||Padma Bhushan
Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award
Kerala Sahithya Academy Award
Muttathu Varkey Award
Ootupulackal Velukkuty Vijayan (July 2, 1930 – March 30, 2005) was an Indian author and cartoonist, who was an important figure in modern Malayalam language literature. Best known for his first novel Khasakkinte Itihasam (1969), Vijayan has six novels, nine short-story collections, and nine collections of essays, memoirs and reflections.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Novels
- 3 Other works
- 4 Awards
- 5 References
- 6 External links
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2012)|
O. V. Vijayan was born in Palakkad on July 2, 1930. His father O. Velukkutty was an officer in Malabar Special Police of the erstwhile Madras Province in British India. His youngest sister O. V. Usha is a Malayalam poet. As a child, Vijayan was largely homeschooled. Formal schooling began at the age of twelve, when he joined Raja's High School, Kottakkal in Malabar, directly into sixth grade. The informal education arranged by his father during his absentee years was sufficient to keep him at par with his peers. The following year, Velukkutty was transferred and Vijayan joined the school at Koduvayur in Palakkad. He graduated from Victoria College in Palakkad and obtained a masters degree in English literature from Presidency College.
He wrote many short stories, essays and satire. He was also an editorial cartoonist and political observer and his works appeared in various news publications including The Statesman and the Far Eastern Economic Review.
Final years and death
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2012)|
Vijayan struggled with Parkinson's Disease for 20 years and finally succumbed to organ failure in a Hyderabad hospital at age 75. His wife Dr. Teresa Vijayan, died a year after his death. Vijayan is survived by his only child Madhu, who lives in Los Angeles, CA.
Khasakkinte Itihasam (The Legends of Khasak; 1969)
The first novel of Vijayan appeared in 1969 and took twelve years' writing and rewriting to reach its final form. It set off a great literary revolution and cleaved the history of Malayalam fiction into pre-Khasak and post-Khasak. It was serialised first and appeared in book form later. The novel is about Ravi, a teacher in an informal education centre in Khasak, and his existential crises. The central character is a great visionary in astrophysics who completed his post graduate programme in Physics from a famous college at Thambaram. The novel ends when Ravi begins his journey to some other realms of existence. The existential puzzle of man as to why he should exist is thoroughly explored in this novel. It was a kind of stepping stone for the writer himself to that world and marked the arrival of a truly visionary writer.
Dharmapuranam (The Saga of Dharmapuri; 1985)
Dharmapuranam is outwardly a great political satire where the author knows no restraint in lampooning political establishments. The language, the setting, and the characters are intended to create as great as possible abhorrence towards the tools and means of governance. The central character is Sidhartha, modeled after the illustrious predecessor of the same name, who lends a supernatural enlightenment to those who are attracted by his enchanting personality. Beyond the apparent level of political meaning the novel keeps in store spiritual and environmental levels of meaning also.
Gurusagaram (The Infinity of Grace; 1987)
The third novel differs in language, vision and characterization from the earlier works. It is on the immanence of Guru in the life of the'kmijn,...anifested in everybody. The seeker partakes of the grace of the Guru as he happens for him unawares and unconditional. The central character is a journalist from Kerala, working in Delhi, going on an assignment to report the Indo-Pak war of 1971. He undergoes an excruciating experience both spiritually and physically to learn how to annihilate all forms of ego. Gurusagaram fetched him the Vayalar Award, the central Sahitya Akademi Award and the Kerala Sahithya Academy Award in 1991.
Madhuram Gayathi (1990)
This novel has been termed as "a fantastic allegory fusing mythology, spirituality and ecology".
Pravachakante Vazhi (The Path of the Prophet; 1992)
This novel emphasizes the vision that intuition is perennial and it is one and the same always. This oneness of the revelation makes the ways of all prophets the same. This great education in spirituality is got in those barbarous days of Delhi when the Sikhs were maniacally hunted after and mercilessly butchered following the murder of Indira Gandhi.
Thalamurakal (Generations; 1997)
Vijayan's last novel Thalamurakal is autobiographical to a great extent. It is historical to a still greater extent. Beyond autobiography and history, the novel is a journey down the collective experiences of a family in search of an awareness about oneself and his clan. This search is of great importance when the collective experiences of the subculture are very bitter and the individual sense of the clan identity is much superior. The novel is a narration of four generations in Ponmudi family in Palakkad, Kerala.
He has written many volumes of short stories, the first volume of which was published in 1957 – Three Wars. He has also written many essays, and also published one book of cartoons- Ithiri neramboke, Ithiri Darshanam (A Little Pastime, A little Vision) – 1990.
O. V. Vijayan's best known collection in English is After the Hanging and Other Stories which contains several jewel-like masterpieces, in particular the title story about a poor, semi-literate peasant going to the jail to receive the body of his son who has been hanged; The Wart and The Foetus about the trauma of the fascist Emergency; the transcendental The Airport, The Little Ones, and several others.
An incisive writer in English as well, Vijayan translated most of his own works from Malayalam to English. Selected works have been published by Penguin India.
- Short Stories of Vijayan (1978)
- Oru Neenda Rathriyude Ormakkayi (1979)
- Asanthi (1985)
- Balabodhini (1985)
- Kadaltheerathu (1988)
- Kattu Paranja Katha (1989)
- Poothaprabandham and Other Stories (1993)
- Kure Kathabeejangal (1995)
- O. V. Vijayante Kathakal (2000)
- Arakshithavastha (2007)
Collection of essays
- Khoshayathrayil Thaniye (1987)
- Oru Sindoora Pottinte Orma (1987)
- Sandehiyude Samvadam (1988)
- Vargasamaram Swathwam (1988)
- Kurippukal (1988)
- Ithihasathinte Ithihasam (1989)
- Haindavanum Athihaindavanum (1998)
- Andhanum Akalangal Kaanunnavanum (2001) Satire
- Ente Charithranewshana Pareekshakal (1987)
- Ithiri Neramboke, Ithiri Darsanam (ഇത്തിരി നേരമ്പോക്ക്, ഇത്തിരി ദര്ശനം; 1990)
- Memoirs: A Cartoonist Remembers, Rupa & Co. (2002)
- Cartoon: Tragic Idiom ~ O.V. Vijayan's Cartoons & Notes on India, Edited by Sundar Ramanathaiyer and Nancy Hudson-Rodd, DC Books, (2006)
Translations into English
- After the Hanging and other stories
- The Saga of Dharmapuri
- The Legends of Khasak
- Infinity of Grace
- O. V. Vijayan: Selected Fiction
- 1970– Odakkuzhal Award for Khasakkinte Itihasam
- 1990– Sahitya Akademi Award for Gurusagaram
- 1990– Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Gurusagaram
- 1991– Vayalar Award for Gurusagaram
- 1992– Muttathu Varkey Award
- 2001– Ezhuthachan Award
- 2003– Padma Bhushan
- 2004– Mathrubhumi Sahitya Award
- O. V. Vijayan Sahitya Puraskaram
The O. V. Vijayan Sahitya Puraskaram was instituted by the Naveena Samskarika Kala Kendram, Hyderabad, in 2011, in memory of Vijayan who had spent his last days in Secunderabad. The award consists of a cash component of 50,001, a memento by Kanayi Kunhiraman, and a citation. The award is given to the best book of a writer during the year. Sarah Joseph, Zacharia and K Vijayalakshmi are the winners of 2011 2012 and 2013 respectively.
- Ajith Kumar, J. (24 November 2002). "A passion for the unknown". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- . dcbooks http://onlinestore.dcbooks.com/authors/vijayan-o-v. Retrieved May 16, 2013. Missing or empty
- The lion in winter The Rediff Interview/O V Vijayan
- The Great Malabar Novel- Review
- "A thinker who was far ahead of his time". The Hans India. November 12, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to O. V. Vijayan.|
- A Tribute to Vijayan by Sunil K Poolani
- Vijayan interview
- BBC obituary
- Obit by NS Madhavan
- DC Books
- A memoir
- Excerpt from the Legends of Khasak
- Memories of O. V. Vijayan
- Chosen Among Outlook's 60 Heroes of 60 Years of Independence in 2007
- List of Works and Reviews
- Feature published in his 6th death anniversary