O2 ABC Glasgow

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O2 ABC Glasgow
Glasgow, the O2 ABC - geograph.org.uk - 1534148.jpg
The O2 ABC from Sauchiehall Street, with the Glasgow School of Art to the rear.
Former names Diorama, Panorama, Hubner's Ice-Skating Palace, Hippodrome, Hengler's Circus, Waldorf Palais, Regal Cinema, ABC
Address 286-326 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Coordinates 55°51′57″N 4°15′51″W / 55.86581°N 4.26405°W / 55.86581; -4.26405Coordinates: 55°51′57″N 4°15′51″W / 55.86581°N 4.26405°W / 55.86581; -4.26405
Owner Academy Music Group
Type Nightclub, music venue
Genre(s) Rock, Comedy, Dance, House, Indie
Capacity

ABC1: 1,362

ABC2: 350[1]
Construction
Built 1875
Opened 2005
Renovated 2002-2005, 1887-1889, 1927- 1928
Expanded 1967
Website
www.o2abcglasgow.co.uk

The O2 ABC is a nightclub and music venue on Sauchiehall Street, in the centre of Glasgow, Scotland's largest city. The building was constructed in 1875, renovated many times in its lifetime and also largely rebuilt in the 1920s. The building has been used for numerous functions before being finally converted to its current purpose between 2002 and 2005. In 2009, the Academy Music Group took a majority stake in the venue, rebranding it the O2 ABC. The venue is protected as a category C(S) listed building.[2] In March 2009; the Academy Music Group became the major stockholder of the O2 ABC.

History[edit]

Building history[edit]

In November 1929 ABC (Also known at the time as ABPC) opened its flagship cinema. The architect who designed the building was named: CJ McNair.[3] As this was to be ABC’s flagship cinema it also seated a total of 2359 people. The cinema was a conversion from an older building. The building was originally built in 1875 as a Diorama. In 1878 it was converted to the Panorama.[4] 10 years from the building’s creation; in 1885 the building was then completely transformed to become Hubners ice skating palace. In 1888 the building was one of the first in Glasgow to receive electricity, This made the building perfect for Glasgow’s first public movie.

The next phase of the buildings life was when it was converted into a hippodrome. The building became the home of the then popular circus: “Hengler’s circus".[5] When the circus was not putting on shows the building was used once again for the purpose of showing movies to the public. In 1927 the building reverted into the function it was originally built for, a dance hall. The building consisted of a ground floor car park while the second floor was the main dance hall, utilized by the local Glaswegian regularly.

Cinema[edit]

When the dancehall was renovated in 1929 the building retained the majority of its original architecture. the roof structure, the ground level of the building remained the car park while the dance floor became the stalls of the cinema. The ground level also had a small entrance area that consisted of 2 box-offices. The main entrance of the cinema was reached by the twin staircase; which is still their today, as well as the option of 2 lifts to use. The actual auditorium; which consisted of seats on ground level and above, with balconies overlooking the stage, seated a total of 2359 people.

In 1967 the building was renamed to “ABC 1”[6] as there was an extension added onto the building which was named “ABC 2”;[7] The ABC 2 housed a much smaller 922 people. The ABC 2 was the first cinema to open in Scotland since the World War II had ended. The building also contained a fully licensed bar (establishment) which would be used in-between acts of long shows and during long showings of movies.

In 1979 the main building (ABC1) closed to undergo a renovation into a 4 screen movie theatre. Each of these screens seated: 906, 306, 206 and 192 people. The renovated building opened its doors to the public on December 13, 1979. The 4 screen building closed its doors to public on October 29, 1998 while the other building closed its doors on October 12, 1999.

Music Venue[edit]

David McBride from Regular Music spotted a gap in the market for a music venue of this size in Glasgow. A major interior conversion project of the former ABC1 cinema building was started in 2002 and then in 2005 the fit-out completed under the successful Project Management of Thomson & Partners [1],[8] also Project Managers of nearby Hallion Club and Blythswood Square Hotel. In 2009, the Academy Music Group took a majority stake in the venue, rebranding it the O2 ABC.

Events[edit]

The building hosts regular events in the form of live music performances and nightclub parties. O2 ABC Glasgow turns into a nightclub venue for three events during the week names; Jellybaby, Propaganda and Love Music.

Venue Structure[edit]

The building comprises two venues, ABC1 and ABC2, and five bars; ABC1, ABC2, The Red Room, The Pod Bar, and The Polar Bar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.academy-music-group.co.uk/venue/venue.aspx?id=545&venue=O2%20ABC%20Glasgow
  2. ^ "Former Regal ABC Cinema, The O2: Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report". Scottish Architects. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "DSA Building/Design Report". Scottish Architects. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Hengler's Circus, Mitchell Library, Theatre Collection". The Glasgow Story. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Academy Music Group, 02 ABC Glasgow". Academy Music Group. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Academy Music Group, 02 ABC2 Glasgow". Academy Music Group. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  8. ^ "Thomson & Partners - Project Managers". Thomson & Partners. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 

External links[edit]