The O3b Satellite Constellation is a satellite constellation designed for telecommunications and data backhaul from remote locations. It was scheduled for deployment in 2013 & 2014. The first four satellites were launched on 25 June 2013, and four more in 2014. There are plans to extend this to 16 satellites.
The constellation is owned and operated by O3b Networks, Ltd..
The satellites were deployed in a circular orbit along the equator at an altitude of 8063 km (medium earth orbit) at a velocity of approximately 11,755 mph (18,918 km/h). Initially, the eight satellites rose and set every 45 minutes. Due to problems with a component of the first four satellites launched, two of those four have been placed on standby for the other two, and six are used operationally.
Each satellite is equipped with twelve fully steerable Ka band antennas (two beams for gateways, ten beams for remotes) that use 4.3 GHz of spectrum (2×216 MHz per beam) with a proposed throughput of 1.2 Gbit/s per beam (600 MBit/s per direction), resulting in a total capacity of 12 GBit/s per satellite. O3b claims a mouth-to-ear one-way latency of 179 milliseconds for voice communication, and an end-to-end round-trip latency of 238ms for data services. The maximum throughput per TCP connection is 2.1 Mbit/s. For maritime applications, O3b claims a round-trip latency of 130ms, and connectivity speeds of over 500 Mbit/s.
Each beam's footprint measures 700 km in diameter. The satellites are powered by gallium arsenide solar arrays and lithium ion batteries and weigh approximately 700 kilograms (1,500 lb) each.
The satellites were constructed by Thales Alenia Space, a division of Thales Group. The first satellite (PFM) was built in the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center, while the rest of the constellation was assembled, integrated and tested in Thales Alenia Space Italy's Roman facilities.
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