|Namesake:||wolf (in Polish)|
|Builder:||Chantiers Augustine Normand
Le Havre, France
|Launched:||April 12, 1929|
|Commissioned:||October 31, 1931|
|Decommissioned:||April 2, 1942 to reserve submarine|
|Class & type:||Wilk-class submarine|
|Displacement:||980 tons (surfaced)
1,250 tons (submerged)
|Length:||78.5 m (257 ft 7 in)|
|Beam:||5.9 m (19 ft 4 in)|
|Draught:||4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)|
|Propulsion:||Diesel-Vickers diesel: 1,800 hp (1,300 kW)
electric engines: 1,200 hp (890 kW)
|Speed:||14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) surface
9.5 knots (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) submerged
|Range:||3,500 nautical miles (6,500 km; 4,000 mi) @ 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
100 nautical miles (190 km; 120 mi) @ 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
|Armament:||1 × 100 mm (3.9 in) deck gun
2 × 13.2 mm (0.52 in) deck anti-aircraft heavy machine guns (mounted in place of 40 mm gun from 1935 onwards)
4 × 550 mm (22 in) torpedo tubes, bow
2 × 550 mm (22 in) (twin) rotating torpedo tubes, midship
10 × 550 mm (22 in) torpedoes (6 in tubes and 4 reloads)
40 × mines
When World War II began on September 1, 1939, Wilk, commanded by Captain Boguslaw Krawczyk, took part in the Worek Plan for the defence of the Polish coast, operating in Gdańsk Bay. On September 2 she spotted a destroyer Erich Steinbrinck, but could not attack it, because she fell herself under attack of minesweepers (the German report on firing a torpedo at Steinbrinck is not confirmed by the Polish). On September 3 she deployed her mines as planned. On September 4 and 5 the Wilk was under continuous depth charge attacks and had to lay on the sea bottom during daytime, suffering minor damage. During next days, attempts at attacking enemy shipping were unsuccessful. Then she left the Polish coast, successfully passing the Danish straits (Oresund) on September 14/15, escaping from the Baltic Sea and arriving in Great Britain on September 20. Only ORP Orzeł managed to accomplish the same feat later; the other three Polish submarines were interned in neutral Sweden.
On December 7, 1939 one of the mines laid by the submarine in September sank a German fishing boat MFK Pil 55 Heimat (13 GRT) at position .
On June 20, 1940 at 0.25 am, the ORP Wilk rammed an unidentified object at position  Supporters of this version suggested, that it might have been U-22, lost some time earlier. Some suggested, that it might have been an Allied Dutch submarine O13, also lost at sea around that time. However, according to newest analysis of Wilk's damages and all reports, the object was most likely a buoy, since both Wilk's propellers got damaged, while a rudder and rudder's connector below them, was intact, which was unlikely in case of ramming a submarine.. There was a long dispute upon this incident. The 2nd in command Sub.Lt. Bolesław Romanowski claimed in his memoires "Torpeda w celu", that it was a German U-boot.
She undertook nine patrols from the British bases, without success. The last patrol was between 8 and 20 January 1941, then the submarine was assigned to training duties. Due to her poor mechanical shape, ORP Wilk was decommissioned as a reserve submarine on April 2, 1942.
On 28 September 1946 ORP Wilk was given under the British control by the Polish Government in Exile. The submarine remained laid up at Harwich. Because of her poor condition, only in October 1952 she was towed to Poland. She was declared unfit to service, decommissioned from the Polish Navy, and scrapped in 1954.
A second ORP Wilk, a Foxtrot class submarine, served in the Polish Navy from 1987 to 2003.
- Twardowski, M.
- Andrzej S. Bartelski, Rafał Mariusz Kaczmarek (in Polish) Polskiej wojny podwodnej ciąg dalszy (Polish submarine warfare - continued), in: Morze, Statki i Okręty nr. 4/2008, p.30-31
- Andrzej S. Bartelski (in Polish). Prawdy i mity "Torpedy w celu" (Facts and myths in "Torpedo in target"). Biuletyn DWS.org.pl Nr.6, ISSN 2080-5780, p.48-50
- Marek Twardowski (in Polish): "Podwodne drapieżniki" - stawiacze min typu Wilk ("Undersea predators" - Wilk class minelayers), in: Morza, Statki i Okręty nr. 3/1998, p. 23-26