OS X Mavericks
|OS X v10.9 Mavericks|
|Part of the OS X family|
The default OS X Mavericks Desktop
|October 22, 2013 [info]|
|10.9.2 (Build 13C64) (February 25, 2014citation needed])[|
|Source model||Closed source (with open source components)|
|License||APSL, BSD, GPL v2, and Apple EULA and NDA|
|Update method||Mac App Store|
|Preceded by||OS X v10.8 Mountain Lion|
OS X Mavericks (version 10.9) is the tenth major release of OS X, Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. OS X Mavericks was announced on June 10, 2013, at WWDC 2013, and was released on October 22, 2013, as a free update through the Mac App Store worldwide.
The update places emphasis on battery life, Finder enhancements, other enhancements for power users, and continued iCloud integration, as well as bringing more of Apple's iOS apps to the OS X platform. Mavericks marks the beginning of a change in the naming scheme of OS X, departing from the use of big cats and moving to names based on places in California. Following the new naming scheme, the current version of the operating system is named Mavericks, after the surfing location in California.
OS X Mavericks was announced by Apple during the company's 2013 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) keynote, held on June 10, 2013. iOS 7, a revised MacBook Air, the sixth generation AirPort Extreme, the fifth generation AirPort Time Capsule, and a completely redesigned Mac Pro were also announced during the keynote. During a keynote on October 22, 2013, Apple announced that the official release of 10.9 on the Mac App Store would be available immediately, and that unlike previous versions of OS X (which however, have had progressively decreasing prices since 10.6), 10.9 would be available at no charge to all users running Snow Leopard (10.6) or later.
On October 22, 2013, Apple offered free upgrades for life on its operating system and business software.
OS X Mavericks is compatible with all Macs that are capable of running OS X Mountain Lion; as with Mountain Lion, 2 GB of RAM, 8 GB of available storage, and OS X 10.6.8 (Snow Leopard) or later are required.
The full list of compatible models:
- iMac (Mid 2007 or newer)
- MacBook (Late 2008 Aluminum, or Early 2009 or newer)
- MacBook Pro (Mid 2007 or newer)
- MacBook Air (Late 2008 or newer)
- Mac Mini (Early 2009 or newer)
- Mac Pro (Early 2008 or newer)
- Xserve (Early 2009)
New and changed features
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (February 2014)|
The following is a list of features that differ from previous releases of OS X:
- Improved multiple display support: The menu bar and the Dock can be accessed on each display; Apple TV can be used as an external display.
- Mission Control has been updated to organize and switch between Desktop workspaces independently between multiple displays.
- Finder enhancements, including tabs, fullscreen support, and document tags.
- Added new iBooks application.
- Added new Maps application.
- Calendar enhancements.
- Safari browser enhancements.
- iCloud Keychain sync.
- Notification Center enhancements.
- Some skeuomorphs, such as the leather texture in Calendar and the book-like appearance of Contacts, have been removed from the UI.
- Timer coalescing, which enhances energy efficiency by reducing CPU usage by up to 72 percent.
- App Nap, which sleeps apps that are not currently visible.
- Compressed Memory, which automatically compresses data from inactive apps when approaching maximum memory capacity.
- Server Message Block version 2 (SMB2) is now the default protocol for sharing files.
- LinkedIn sharing integration.
- OpenGL 4.1 Core Profile.
- OpenCL 1.2.
- USB syncing of calendar, contacts and other information to iOS devices has been removed, instead requiring the use of iCloud.
- Some system alerts, such as low battery and removal of drives without ejecting, have been moved to Notification Center.
- The Open Transport API has been removed.
- Quicktime 10 does not support many older video codecs and converts them to the ProRes format when opened. Older video codecs cannot be viewed in Quick Look.
OS X Mavericks has received a mixture of positive and negative reviews on the Mac App Store but Mac users have welcomed the fact that updating to OS X Mavericks is free of charge, and users who purchase the new Macs with pre-loaded versions of OS X Mavericks are able to get Apple's iWork productivity suite for free as well.
Issues specific to OS X Mavericks
During the first few weeks after OS X Mavericks was introduced, a substantial number of Western Digital external hard drive users complained about data losses (and corruption) when they upgraded to OS X Mavericks, especially when the hard drives were used in conjunction with Western Digital's proprietary disk management software. This forced Western Digital to take down a few of its apps such as WD Drive Manager, WD Raid Manager and WD SmartWare and issue statements urging its users to delay upgrading to OS X Mavericks and to stop using the Western Digital software for the time being. An upgrade for WD Smartware introduced on 25 November 2013 has supposedly resolved the issue.
Versions of OS X Mavericks before 10.9.2 can fail to validate a Secure Sockets Layer or Transport Layer Security certificate's signature in cases where the connection is made with TLS versions 1.1 or below or SSL 3.0 and forward secrecy is enabled. This allows a man-in-the-middle attack to take place under these circumstances. This vulnerability has been assigned the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures number CVE-2014-1266. OS X version 10.9.2 patches this vulnerability.
|Version||Build||Date||OS name||Notes||Standalone download|
|10.9||13A603 (GM2)||October 20, 2013||Darwin 13.0||Original Mac App Store release|
|10.9.1||13B42||December 16, 2013||Darwin 13.0||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.1 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.1 Individual update|
|10.9.2||13C64||February 25, 2014||Darwin 13.1||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.2 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.2 Individual update
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- "Why Mavericks' movies may not preview properly". MacWorld. October 28, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- Whittaker, Zack. "Western Digital warns of disk data loss in OS X Mavericks upgrade". Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Hoffman, Ilene. "Western Digital SmartWare software update addresses data loss bug". Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Ducklin, Peter (February 24, 2014). "Anatomy of a "goto fail" - Apple's SSL bug explained, plus an unofficial patch for OS X!". Naked Security. Sophos. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "National Vulnerability Database (NVD) National Vulnerability Database (CVE-2014-1266)". National Vulnerability Database. National Institute of Standards and Technology. February 24, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- OS X Mavericks – official site