OS X Mavericks
|A release of the OS X operating system|
The default OS X Mavericks Desktop
|Source model||Closed source (with open source components)|
|October 22, 2013|
|Latest release||10.9.5 (Build 13F34) / September 17, 2014|
|Update method||Mac App Store|
|License||APSL, BSD, GPL v2, and Apple EULA and NDA|
|Preceded by||OS X v10.8 Mountain Lion|
|Succeeded by||OS X v10.10 Yosemite|
|Official website||Official website|
|Security updates and printer drivers|
OS X Mavericks (version 10.9) is the tenth major release of OS X, Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. OS X Mavericks was announced on June 10, 2013, at WWDC 2013, and was released on October 22, 2013, as a free update through the Mac App Store worldwide.
The update places emphasis on battery life, Finder enhancements, other enhancements for power users, and continued iCloud integration, as well as bringing more of Apple's iOS apps to the OS X platform. Mavericks marks the beginning of a change in the naming scheme of OS X, departing from the use of big cats and moving to names based on places in California; OS X Mavericks is named after the surfing location in California.
OS X Mavericks was announced by Apple during the company's 2013 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) keynote, held on June 10, 2013. iOS 7, a revised MacBook Air, the sixth generation AirPort Extreme, the fifth generation AirPort Time Capsule, and a completely redesigned Mac Pro were also announced during the keynote. During a keynote on October 22, 2013, Apple announced that the official release of 10.9 on the Mac App Store would be available immediately, and that unlike previous versions of OS X, 10.9 would be available at no charge to all users running Snow Leopard (10.6.8) or later.
On October 22, 2013, Apple offered free upgrades for life on its operating system and business software.
OS X Mavericks is compatible with most Macs that are capable of running OS X Mountain Lion; as with Mountain Lion, 2 GB of RAM, 8 GB of available storage, and OS X 10.6.8 (Snow Leopard) or later are required.
The full list of compatible models:
- mid-2007 or newer iMac
- aluminum MacBook, 2009 or newer polycarbonate MacBook
- 2007 or newer MacBook Pro
- late-2008 or newer MacBook Air
- 2009 or newer Mac Mini
- 2008 or newer Mac Pro
- 2009 Xserve
New and changed features
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (February 2014)|
The following is a list of features that differ from previous releases of OS X:
- Improved multiple display support: The menu bar and the Dock are available on each display; Apple TV can be used as an external display.
- Mission Control has been updated to organize and switch between Desktop workspaces independently between multiple displays.
- Finder enhancements, including tabs, fullscreen support, and document tags. Pinch-to-zoom and swipe-to-navigate-history gestures have been removed, although both are supported anywhere else.
- New iBooks application.
- New Maps application.
- Calendar enhancements.
- Safari browser enhancements.
- iCloud Keychain sync.
- Notification Center enhancements.
- Some skeuomorphs, such as the leather texture in Calendar, the legal pad theme of Notes, and the book-like appearance of Contacts, have been removed from the UI.
- Timer coalescing, which enhances energy efficiency by reducing CPU usage by up to 72 percent.
- App Nap, which sleeps apps that are not currently visible.
- Compressed Memory, which automatically compresses data from inactive apps when approaching maximum memory capacity.
- Server Message Block version 2 (SMB2) is now the default protocol for sharing files.
- LinkedIn sharing integration.
- OpenGL 4.1 Core Profile.
- OpenCL 1.2.
- USB syncing of calendar, contacts and other information to iOS devices has been removed, instead requiring the use of iCloud.
- Some system alerts, such as low battery and removal of drives without ejecting, have been moved to Notification Center.
- The Open Transport API has been removed.
- Quicktime 10 does not support many older video codecs and converts them to the ProRes format when opened. Older video codecs cannot be viewed in Quick Look.
- Improved Privacy: Safari now supports browsing in private browsing mode with certain windows (as opposed to all the windows having to be either in or out of private browsing).
OS X Mavericks has received a mixture of positive and negative reviews on the Mac App Store but Macintosh owners have welcomed its availability free of charge. A purchaser of a new Macintosh with Mavericks installed receives Apple's iWork productivity suite for free as well.
One complaint is that Apple removed the local sync services, which forces users to get iCloud to sync iOS devices with the desktop OS. However, this feature has since returned in the 10.9.3 and iTunes 11.2 updates.
Issues specific to OS X Mavericks
During the first few weeks after OS X Mavericks was introduced, a substantial number of Western Digital external hard drive users complained about data losses (and corruption) when they upgraded to OS X Mavericks, especially when the hard drives were used in conjunction with Western Digital's proprietary disk management software. This forced Western Digital to take down a few of its apps such as WD Drive Manager, WD RAID Manager and WD SmartWare and issue statements urging its users to delay upgrading to OS X Mavericks and to stop using the Western Digital software for the time being. An upgrade for WD Smartware introduced on 25 November 2013 has supposedly resolved the issue.
Versions of OS X Mavericks before 10.9.2 can fail to validate a Secure Sockets Layer or Transport Layer Security certificate's signature in cases where the connection is made with TLS versions 1.1 or below or SSL 3.0 and forward secrecy is enabled. This allows a man-in-the-middle attack to take place under these circumstances. This vulnerability has been assigned the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures number CVE-2014-1266. OS X version 10.9.2 patches this vulnerability.
|Version||Build||Date||OS name||Notes||Standalone download|
|10.9||13A603 (GM2)||October 22, 2013||Darwin 13.0||Original Mac App Store release|
|10.9.1||13B42||December 16, 2013||Darwin 13.0||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.1 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.1 Individual update|
|10.9.2||13C64||February 25, 2014||Darwin 13.1||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.2 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.2 Individual update
|10.9.3||13D65||May 15, 2014||Darwin 13.2||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.3 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.3 Individual update
|10.9.4||13E28||June 30, 2014||Darwin 13.3.0||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.4 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.4 Individual update
|10.9.5||13F34||September 17, 2014||Darwin 13.4.0||About the OS X Mavericks v10.9.5 Update||OS X Mavericks 10.9.5 Individual update
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- Dilger, Daniel Eran (June 12, 2013). "Compressed Memory in OS X 10.9 Mavericks aims to free RAM, extend battery life". AppleInsider. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Zibreg, Christian (June 10, 2013). "OS X Mavericks has native LinkedIn sharing, but what about iOS 7?". iDownload blog. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- "New in OS X Mavericks: OpenGL 4.1 brings increased performance, more features". Mac Daily News. September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "OpenCL for OS X". Apple. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
- "iTunes 11 for Mac: Sync contacts, calendars, and other info with iPod, iPhone, or iPad". Apple. September 23, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "About SyncServices". Apple. January 1, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "A eulogy for the Mac's Open Transport API". ZDnet. November 13, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Why Mavericks' movies may not preview properly". MacWorld. October 28, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Apple Introduces Next Generation iWork and iLife Apps for OS X and iOS". October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- Whittaker, Zack. "Western Digital warns of disk data loss in OS X Mavericks upgrade". Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Hoffman, Ilene. "Western Digital SmartWare software update addresses data loss bug". Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Ducklin, Peter (February 24, 2014). "Anatomy of a "goto fail" - Apple's SSL bug explained, plus an unofficial patch for OS X!". Naked Security. Sophos. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "National Vulnerability Database (NVD) National Vulnerability Database (CVE-2014-1266)". National Vulnerability Database. National Institute of Standards and Technology. February 24, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.