Oacoma, South Dakota

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Oacoma, South Dakota
Town
Motto: "One Day Just Isn't Enough"
Location in Lyman County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Lyman County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°48′15″N 99°22′49″W / 43.80417°N 99.38028°W / 43.80417; -99.38028Coordinates: 43°48′15″N 99°22′49″W / 43.80417°N 99.38028°W / 43.80417; -99.38028
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Lyman
Founded 1890[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 4.18 sq mi (10.83 km2)
 • Land 2.59 sq mi (6.71 km2)
 • Water 1.59 sq mi (4.12 km2)
Elevation 1,385 ft (422 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 451
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 460
 • Density 174.1/sq mi (67.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57365
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-46180[5]
GNIS feature ID 1265308[6]

Oacoma is a town in Lyman County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 451 at the 2010 census. Oacoma is located on the west bank of the Missouri River, across from Chamberlain.

History[edit]

The current stopping off place in Oacoma along Interstate 90

On September 17, 1804 Lewis and Clark camped on the west bank of the Missouri River near American Island where Oacoma is now located . During the remainder of the 19th century the area was a stopping off place for explorers, fur traders and steamboat men. The township of Oacoma was laid out in 1891 as the county seat for the newly formed Lyman County; the seat was transferred to Kennebec in 1922. The Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad arrived to Oacoma in 1905.[7] Currently, in the 21st century, it is a rest stop for travelers on Interstate 90.

Geography[edit]

Oacoma is located at 43°48′15″N 99°22′49″W / 43.804117°N 99.380157°W / 43.804117; -99.380157.[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.18 square miles (10.83 km2), of which 2.59 square miles (6.71 km2) is land and 1.59 square miles (4.12 km2) is water.[2] Sitting atop of a bluff overlooking the Missouri River, Oacoma is located on the highest elevation of land along Interstate 90 eastbound until Becket, Massachusetts.[9]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 451 people, 205 households, and 135 families residing in the town. The population density was 174.1 inhabitants per square mile (67.2 /km2). There were 236 housing units at an average density of 91.1 per square mile (35.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 88.9% White, 0.2% African American, 6.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 205 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.1% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.64.

The median age in the town was 44.3 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 33.4% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.5% male and 47.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 390 people, 169 households, and 111 families residing in the town. The population density was 192.8 people per square mile (74.5/km2). There were 188 housing units at an average density of 92.9 per square mile (35.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.36% White, 3.33% Native American, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.26% of the population.

There were 169 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,719, and the median income for a family was $44,250. Males had a median income of $26,500 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,206. About 8.4% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 994. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Vanhoenacker, Mark (August 18, 2014). "What Does This Beloved Road Sign on the Massachusetts Turnpike Actually Mean?". Slate.com. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 

External links[edit]