Oak City, Utah

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Oak City, Utah
Town
Welcome sign
Welcome sign
Location of Oak City, Utah
Location of Oak City, Utah
Coordinates: 39°22′34″N 112°20′17″W / 39.37611°N 112.33806°W / 39.37611; -112.33806Coordinates: 39°22′34″N 112°20′17″W / 39.37611°N 112.33806°W / 39.37611; -112.33806
Country United States
State Utah
County Millard
Area
 • Total 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Land 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,112 ft (1,558 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 584
 • Density 972.8/sq mi (375.6/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 84649
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-55430[1]
GNIS feature ID 1444013[2]

Oak City is a town in Millard County, Utah, United States. The population was 650 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 186
1900 249 33.9%
1910 423 69.9%
1920 326 −22.9%
1930 340 4.3%
1940 391 15.0%
1950 334 −14.6%
1960 312 −6.6%
1970 278 −10.9%
1980 389 39.9%
1990 587 50.9%
2000 650 10.7%
2010 578 −11.1%
Est. 2012 584 1.0%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 650 people, 167 households, and 140 families residing in the town. The population density was 972.8 people per square mile (374.6/km²). There were 191 housing units at an average density of 285.9 per square mile (110.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.92% White, 0.46% Native American, 1.23% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population.

There were 167 households out of which 57.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.6% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.6% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.89 and the average family size was 4.40.

In the town the population was spread out with 46.0% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 121.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,375, and the median income for a family was $53,750. Males had a median income of $41,667 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,283. About 1.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Founding[edit]

Oak City, 2010

The settlement of Oak City was begun in late summer of 1868, when a few families moved there from the community of Deseret, Utah. They had become discouraged after eight years of unsuccessful attempts to dam the Sevier River to provide water for their crops, and had left the area. The early settlers were familiar with the Oak City area because they had pastured their cattle there in the spring and fall. They chose this area to settle because of the reliable creek and the quality of the land for farming. The town was settled in two phases. The first phase took place in July 1868 and consisted of a few families and young men to survey the town site, clear the land for farming, and provide shelter for the coming winter. Twenty-three more families came in October and November of that year.[3]

The A-Bomb Project[edit]

Oak City in Millard County, Utah, was the search director's first choice for the atomic weapons laboratory. Maj. John Dudley of the Manhattan District Staff was assigned to survey the West and find potential sites for an atomic laboratory in October 1942. His first choice for the laboratory site was Oak City, Utah, according to the Los Alamos history. "It was a delightful little oasis in south central Utah," Dudley wrote. "The railroad was only 16 miles away over a nice, easy road. The airport was not too distant. The water supply was good. It was surrounded by hills, and beyond there was mostly desert. However, I noticed one thing: If we took over this area we would evict several dozen families and we would also take a large amount of farm acreage out of production."

Because of the potential loss of farmland, Dudley recommended his second choice — Jemez Springs, New Mexico. In the end, Dudley's choice was overruled by J. Robert Oppenheimer, a physicist and the scientific director of the Manhattan Project. He favored Los Alamos.[4]

Celebrations[edit]

Oak City Days[edit]

Oak City Days is held the third week of August every year when the citizens of Oak City host a two-day event to celebrate the founding of the city. It has also been known as ward days and homecoming in the past. Oak City Days is kicked off with a parade on Friday evening followed by an ice cream social. Following the ice cream social there is a program. There are also various competitions such as a Rook tournament. On Saturday a town lunch is prepared which feeds over 1000 people. Craft booths, kids games (including a children’s fish catch), as well as adult fun fill the day. The festivities end with a dance under the stars with music by the local band The Moonlighters.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Shadows of the Past: A Book about Homes and Historical Places of Interest in Oak City, Utah, Copyright 2001, Oak City Town Council.
  4. ^ http://www.lanl.gov/history/road/choosing-site.shtml.
  5. ^ http://www.millardcounty.com/events/oakcitydays.htm
  6. ^ http://www.choosethewright.com/ccff.htm

External links[edit]