Oak Harbor, Washington

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Oak Harbor, Washington
City
Location of Oak Harbor, Washington
Location of Oak Harbor, Washington
Coordinates: 48°17′42″N 122°39′31″W / 48.29500°N 122.65861°W / 48.29500; -122.65861Coordinates: 48°17′42″N 122°39′31″W / 48.29500°N 122.65861°W / 48.29500; -122.65861
Country United States
State Washington
County Island
City May 14, 1915
Government
 • Mayor Scott Dudley
Area[1]
 • City 9.47 sq mi (24.53 km2)
 • Land 9.42 sq mi (24.40 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 22,075
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 22,136
 • Density 2,343.4/sq mi (904.8/km2)
 • Metro 79,177 (US: 69th)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 98277-98278
Area code(s) 360
Telephone exchanges 240, 257, 279, 395, 675, 678, 679
FIPS code 53-50360
GNIS feature ID 1512518[4]
Website City of Oak Harbor

Oak Harbor is a city located on Whidbey Island in Island County, Washington. The population was 22,075 at the 2010 census. Oak Harbor was incorporated on May 14, 1915.

History[edit]

Oak Harbor is Whidbey Island's largest incorporated city. Named for the Garry Oak trees which grace its skyline, the city's growth coincided with two major events: the building of Deception Pass Bridge on July 31, 1935, and the completion of Naval Air Station Whidbey Island on September 21, 1942.

Oak Harbor's history goes back to the early 1850s, when two settlers staked claims where the city now stands—Zakarias Martin Taftezon, a shoemaker from Norway; C.W. Sumner from New England Houses and businesses sprouted up along the shores of Oak Harbor as the pioneers relied entirely on water transportation until the 1900s. For the next thirty years, steamers and freighters carried passengers and freight from the Island to the mainland and back as well as Fidalgo Island to the north.

The Irish came in the late 1850s, making Oak Harbor grow and prosper as they fished and farmed the area, and the city's Dutch heritage arrived in the 1890s. Churches, schools, and more businesses followed the arrival of the Dutch. A high school was built in 1906. Oak Harbor flourished as a small country town until Deception Pass Bridge and the U.S. Navy Base connected the city to the rest of the region and the world.

Deception Pass Bridge, a National Historic Monument since 1982, is actually two spans that link Whidbey Island to Fidalgo Island over Canoe Pass and Deception Pass. The bridge, one of the scenic wonders and destinations of the Pacific Northwest, was a Public Works Administration project built by the Civilian Conservation Corps. Deception Pass State Park has over 4,100 acres (17 km2) of forest, campsites, trails, and scenic vistas of the San Juan Islands, Victoria (British Columbia, Canada), Mount Baker, and Fidalgo Island.

Geography[edit]

Oak Harbor is located at 48°17′42″N 122°39′31″W / 48.29500°N 122.65861°W / 48.29500; -122.65861 (48.295136, -122.658553).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.47 square miles (24.53 km2), of which, 9.42 square miles (24.40 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[1]

Climate data for Oak Harbor, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
69
(21)
78
(26)
81
(27)
85
(29)
92
(33)
95
(35)
98
(37)
91
(33)
79
(26)
67
(19)
62
(17)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 47
(8)
50
(10)
54
(12)
59
(15)
64
(18)
68
(20)
73
(23)
74
(23)
69
(21)
59
(15)
51
(11)
46
(8)
59.5
(15.3)
Average low °F (°C) 37
(3)
36
(2)
39
(4)
42
(6)
46
(8)
50
(10)
52
(11)
52
(11)
49
(9)
44
(7)
39
(4)
35
(2)
43.4
(6.4)
Record low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
5
(−15)
14
(−10)
26
(−3)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
40
(4)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
3
(−16)
3
(−16)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.50
(63.5)
1.75
(44.4)
1.88
(47.8)
1.67
(42.4)
1.83
(46.5)
1.33
(33.8)
0.86
(21.8)
0.77
(19.6)
1.27
(32.3)
1.97
(50)
3.15
(80)
2.53
(64.3)
21.51
(546.4)
Source: [6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 337
1930 362 7.4%
1940 376 3.9%
1950 1,193 217.3%
1960 3,942 230.4%
1970 9,167 132.5%
1980 12,271 33.9%
1990 17,176 40.0%
2000 19,795 15.2%
2010 22,075 11.5%
Est. 2013 22,136 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 22,075 people, 8,677 households, and 5,789 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,343.4 inhabitants per square mile (904.8/km2). There were 9,553 housing units at an average density of 1,014.1 per square mile (391.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.6% White, 4.9% African American, 0.9% Native American, 10.2% Asian, 1.0% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 7.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.3% of the population.

There were 8,677 households of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 29 years. 28.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.9% were from 25 to 44; 17% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 19,795 people, 7,333 households, and 5,265 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,175.0 people per square mile (839.9/km²). There were 7,772 housing units at an average density of 854.0 per square mile (329.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.93% White, 5.45% African American, 9.62% Asian, 1.22% Native American, 0.77% Pacific Islander, 2.42% from other races, and 5.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.61% of the population.

There were 7,333 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 13.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,641, and the median income for a family was $41,579. Males had a median income of $29,498 versus $21,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,830. About 8.1% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Oak Harbor is the nearest city to Naval Air Station Whidbey Island. Its influence on the area has established Oak Harbor as a stronghold for American conservatism and the Republican Party. Scott Dudley was elected to Oak Harbor’s City Council in 2009 and was sworn into office as Mayor on December 28, 2011. He will serve a four-year term, beginning January 1, 2012. He oversees city government with a 7-person City Council and a city administrator.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  4. ^ "Oak Harbor". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Monthly Averages for Oak Harbor, WA". Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 21, 2014. 

External links[edit]