Oak Hill, Ohio

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Oak Hill, Ohio
Village
Oak Hill Public Library
Oak Hill Public Library
Location of Oak Hill, Ohio
Location of Oak Hill, Ohio
Detailed map of Oak Hill
Detailed map of Oak Hill
Coordinates: 38°53′47″N 82°34′14″W / 38.89639°N 82.57056°W / 38.89639; -82.57056Coordinates: 38°53′47″N 82°34′14″W / 38.89639°N 82.57056°W / 38.89639; -82.57056
Country United States
State Ohio
County Jackson
Government
 • Mayor Roy McCarty Jr.
Area[1]
 • Total 1.14 sq mi (2.95 km2)
 • Land 1.14 sq mi (2.95 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 699 ft (213 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,551
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 1,528
 • Density 1,360.5/sq mi (525.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45656
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-57596[5]
GNIS feature ID 1080995[2]
Website www.oakhillvillage.net

Oak Hill is a village in Jackson County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,551 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Oak Hill was also a stop on Morgan's Raid, led by Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan during the American Civil War. Oak Hill was settled by Welsh immigrants that were stranded on the Ohio River in Gallipolis, Ohio. Please see the museum link below for more information regarding the Welsh history in Oak Hill. Oak Hill is home to the 2009 Division 4 State Champion Boys Basketball Team and the 2009 Division 3 State Runner-up Girls Basketball Team.

Village Developments of the 1800s
1814 - First Settler Arrives, Mr. Peter Seel[6]
1818 - First Welsh Settlers
1819 - Union Baptist Church (Blackfork) Organized (as of 2008 the oldest African American Baptist church in Ohio)[1]
1835 - Moriah “Mother Church” Organized
1837 - Post Office Established
1837 - Horeb Church Organized
1839 - Welsh Immigration Begins
1841 - Bethel Church Organized
1841 - Congregational Church Organized
1843 - Sardis Church Organized
1843 - Welsh Calvinistic Church (United Presbyterian Church) Organized
1853 - Jefferson Furnace Constructed
1856 - Gallia Baptist Church Organized
1866 - Portland Masonic Lodge #366 Established
1873 - Village of Oak Hill Formed
1881 - First Newspaper Created
1880 - Oak Hill Morgan Academy Created
1891 - First Financial Institution Created (The Farmer’s Bank)
1873 - Aetna Fire Brick & Coal Company Incorporated
1873 - Oak Hill Fire Brick Company Incorporated
1898 - Ohio Fire Brick Company Incorporated
1893 - Oak Hill Local Union School District Formed

Geography[edit]

Oak Hill is located at 38°53′47″N 82°34′14″W / 38.89639°N 82.57056°W / 38.89639; -82.57056 (38.896514, -82.570649).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,551 people, 624 households, and 386 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,360.5 inhabitants per square mile (525.3 /km2). There were 687 housing units at an average density of 602.6 per square mile (232.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 624 households of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the village was 36.3 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 15% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,685 people, 673 households, and 458 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,474.5 people per square mile (570.7/km²). There were 739 housing units at an average density of 646.7 per square mile (250.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.28% White, 0.24% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.12% of the population.

There were 673 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 82.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,289, and the median income for a family was $31,898. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $20,438 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,580. About 14.2% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.4% of those under age 18 and 24.7% of those age 65 or over.

Village Government[edit]

The Village of Oak Hill, OH is governed by an elected six member council. The present mayor is Roy McCarty Jr. The Council Members are:[8]

  • Council President - Rob Leonard
  • Council Member - Terry McCain
  • Council Member - Chad Jones
  • Council Member - Jodie Fulk
  • Council Member - JoAnne Davis
  • Council Member - Dan Rhodes

Landmarks[edit]

The Welsh museum is the only one of its kind in the United States and houses Welsh books, bibles, documents, pictures, and a fine collection of other Welsh items. Maintained by local historian Mildred Bangert, the Welsh-American Heritage Museum [2] is located in the old Welsh Congregational Church in Oak Hill.

Jackson Lake is a man-made lake, in Lake Jackson State Park, near the city limits of Oak Hill. The park is the home of the Jefferson Furnace, in which pig iron for the ironclad USS Monitor was made during the Civil War. The Jefferson Furnace is available to sightseers as of 2005. The furnace is located at the edge of the lake on State Route 279.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ See "The Early History of the Seel Family in Southeastern Ohio (1807-1902)" by Peter B. Seel III in the family history section of the Jackson Public Library in Jackson, Ohio.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Official Website". Retrieved 3 January 2014. 

External links[edit]