Oak Hill Cemetery (Washington, D.C.)
|Location||Georgetown, Washington, D.C.|
|Size||22 acres (89,000 m2)|
|Website||Oak Hill Cemetery Web site|
|Find a Grave||Oak Hill Cemetery|
|The Political Graveyard||Oak Hill Cemetery|
Oak Hill Cemetery is a historic 22-acre (89,000 m2) cemetery located in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C., in the United States. It was founded in 1848 and completed in 1853, and is a prime example of a garden cemetery. A large number of famous politicians, business people, military people, diplomats, and philanthropists are buried at Oak Hill, and the cemetery has a number of Victorian-style memorials and monuments. Oak Hill has two structures which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Oak Hill Cemetery Chapel and the Van Ness Mausoleum.
Oak Hill began in 1848 as part of the rural cemetery movement, directly inspired by the success of Mount Auburn Cemetery, when William Wilson Corcoran (also founder of the Corcoran Gallery of Art) purchased 15 acres (6.1 ha) of land. He then organized the Cemetery Company to oversee Oak Hill; it was incorporated by act of Congress on March 3, 1849.
Oak Hill's chapel was built in 1849 by noted architect James Renwick, who also designed the Smithsonian Institution's Castle on Washington Mall and St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York. His one story rectangular chapel measures 23 by 41 feet (7×12 m) and sits on the cemetery's highest ridge. It is built of black granite, in Gothic Revival style, with exterior trim in the same red Seneca sandstone used for the Castle.
By 1851, landscape designer Captain George F. de la Roche finished laying out the winding paths and terraces descending into Rock Creek valley. When initial construction was completed in 1853, Corcoran had spent over $55,000 on the cemetery's landscaping and architecture.
- Dean Gooderham Acheson (1893-1971), Secretary of State under President Harry Truman
- Frederick Aiken (1832-1878), attorney for Lincoln assassination co-conspirator Mary Surratt
- Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887), founder of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and second secretary of the Smithsonian Institution
- Stephen Bloomer Balch (April 5, 1747 – September 7, 1833), Presbyterian minister and educator
- Henry W. Barry (1840-1875), Brevet Brigadier General in the Union Army and Representative from Mississippi
- Glenn Brenner (1948-1992), Washington, D.C., sportscasting legend
- Wilkinson Call (1834-1910), Senator from Florida
- Frances Carpenter (1890-1972), photographer and writer
- Samuel S. Carroll (1832-1893), U.S.Army general
- Joseph Casey (1814-1879), Representative from Pennsylvania
- William Wilson Corcoran (1798-1888), banker and philanthropist
- Richard Cutts (1771-1845), Representative from Massachusetts, Comptroller of the Treasury
- Rachel Davies – see Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn) under "F"
- Josiah Dent (1817–1899), third president of the Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia
- Lorenzo Dow (1777-1834), frontier minister and writer
- William M. Dunn (1814-1887), Representative from Indiana, Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Army
- John Eaton (1790-1856), Senator from Tennessee, Secretary of War
- George Eustis Jr. (1828-1872), Representative from Louisiana
- William Harrell Felton (1823–1909), politician, army surgeon, and Methodist minister
- Rachel Davies (Rahel o Fôn) (1846-1915), Welsh-born minister
- Uriah Forrest (1746-1805), Continental Congressman and Representative from Maryland
- Thomas J. D. Fuller (1808-1876), Representative from Maine
- Arthur Pue Gorman (1839-1906), Senator from Maryland
- Katharine Graham (1917-2001), president of The Washington Post
- Charles Griffin (1825–1867), Union general in the American Civil War
- Peter V. Hagner (1815-1893), U.S. Army officer
- John Harris (USMC) (1793-1864), Colonel and sixth Commandant of the Marine Corps
- James P. Heath (1777-1854), Representative from Maryland
- John J. Hemphill (1849-1912), Representative from South Carolina
- Joseph Henry (1797-1878), first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution
- Herman Hollerith (1860-1929), statistician and inventor
- Samuel Hooper (1808-1875), Representative from Massachusetts
- William H. Hunt (1823-1884), Secretary of the Navy
- Philip Barton Key (1757-1815), Representative from Maryland
- Philip Barton Key II (1815-1859), United States Attorney for the District of Columbia
- John B. Montgomery (1794-1872), U.S. Navy officer during Mexican-American War and the American Civil War
- Gale W. McGee (1915-1992), Senator from Wyoming, U.S. Ambassador to the Organization of American States
- John R. McPherson (1833-1897), Senator from New Jersey
- Štefan Osuský (1889-1973), Slovak diplomat
- Carlile Pollock Patterson (1816–1881), fourth superintendent of the United States Coast Survey
- John Barton Payne (1855-1935), politician, lawyer, and judge and United States Secretary of the Interior
- John Howard Payne (1791-1852), composer of "Home! Sweet Home!"
- Paul J. Pelz (1841-1918), architect of the Library of Congress
- George Peter (1779-1861), Representative from Maryland
- Charles Pomeroy (1825-1891), Representative from Iowa
- John Pool (1826-1884), Senator from North Carolina
- William Radford (1808-1890), Rear Admiral in the U.S. Navy
- Jesse L. Reno (1823-1862), U.S. Army officer from Virginia
- William Ledyard Rodgers (1860-1944), U.S. Navy admiral, and naval and military historian
- Howard K. Smith (1914-2002), CBS and ABC newscaster; war correspondent; film star
- Samuel Sprigg (c. 1783-1855), governor of Maryland
- Edwin M. Stanton (1814-1869), Attorney General under President James Buchanan, Secretary of War under President Abraham Lincoln
- Hestor L. Stevens (1803-1864), Representative from Michigan
- Noah Haynes Swayne (1804-1884), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- James Noble Tyner (1826-1904), Representative from Indiana, Postmaster General under President Ulysses S. Grant
- Robert J. Walker (1801-1869), Secretary of the Treasury, Senator from Pennsylvania
- George Corbin Washington (1789-1854), Representative from Maryland, grand-nephew of George Washington
- Edward Douglass White (1844-1921), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and Chief Justice of the United States
- Cadmus M. Wilcox (1824-1890), U.S. Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War; Confederate general during the American Civil War
- David Levy Yulee (1810-1886), Senator from Florida, first Jew to serve in the U.S. Senate[a]
- It is not clear if Yulee converted before his marriage to Nancy Christian Wickliffe or on his deathbed. Nor is the documentary evidence clear if he was seated in the U.S. before or after his reported conversion to Christianity. The more accurate description of Yulee would be to note that he was the first U.S. Senator of Jewish heritage. The first openly professing Jew to be seated in the U.S. Senate was Judah P. Benjamin of Louisiana.
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- Dodge, Andrew R. (2005). Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: 1774–2005. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 9780160731761.
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