Oak Ridge High School (Oak Ridge, Tennessee)
|Oak Ridge High School|
|Location||Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA|
|Newspaper||The Oak Leaf|
Founding and first location
Oak Ridge High School was established in 1943 by the U.S. Army to educate children of the workers building and operating Manhattan Project facilities in Oak Ridge. The original school building was in eastern Oak Ridge on the hill above the community's first commercial center at Jackson Square. The school's football venue, Jack Armstrong Stadium and Blankenship Field, is adjacent to the original site of the school.
The schools' mascot and colors were selected in 1943 by Ben Martin, who was athletic director (1943-1971) and coached football (1943-1947), basketball (1943-1959), and track (1944-1965). As a graduate and former athlete at the University of Kentucky, Martin adopted Kentucky's "Wildcats" as the ORHS mascot. He chose cardinal red and gray as the school colors to emulate the successful sports programs at Dobyns-Bennett High School in Kingsport, Tennessee.
The high school moved to its current central location in Oak Ridge in 1951 after a new state-of-the-art campus was built under the auspices of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, which then operated Oak Ridge and its public schools. The new school, which had a capacity of about 1500 students and cost $2,980,000 to build, consisted of four buildings (designated "A", "B," "C", and "D") in two groups, connected by an enclosed glass corridor. The auditorium had a seating capacity of 1400 and was intended to serve the community as well as the school. The school attracted national media attention for its innovative features. A Nashville newspaper dubbed the new buildings “Classes in Glass” because of the unusually large amount of glass used in their design. Two circular buildings, designated "E" and "F", were added in 1963.
In its early years, Oak Ridge High School was racially segregated like other schools in the region. On September 6, 1955, it became the first high school in the southern United States to integrate after the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision. On that date, 42 African American students attended the first day of school. The integration of Oak Ridge High School was the result of a January 1955 directive by the Atomic Energy Commission. Oak Ridge's advisory town council had passed a resolution in December 1953 calling for school integration, leading to an unsuccessful attempt to recall council chairman Waldo Cohn, and during the summer of 1955 some citizens had urged a school boycott to protest integration, but the actual integration of the high school (which was photographed by Life magazine) was uneventful.
In the first year of integration, two African American students became members of the ORHS basketball team, but because segregation was still in force at all other Tennessee high schools, they were not permitted to participate in away games and the coach had to get permission from the opposing teams before they could participate in home games.
Grade level reorganization
Oak Ridge High School underwent extensive reconstruction, starting in 2005 and completed in 2008, to update its facilities, incorporate significant energy-conserving features, and construct newer, better equipped learning areas. The total cost of the school renovation was $61 million. 
Designed by DLR Group, the renovated Oak Ridge High School was featured in the December 2008 issue of School Planning & Design. It received several awards, including a Citation Award from the American Association of School Administrators, recognition as a Green Project of Distinction Winner in the 2008 Green Education Design Showcase, and a 2009 Learning by Design Citation of Excellence from the American School Board Journal. The Tennessee School Boards Association selected ORHS as the School of the Year for Excellence in Architectural Design; ORHS earned second place in the Renovation Division.
Oak Leaf controversy
Oak Ridge High School gained notoriety in November 2005 when principal Becky Ervin, then in her first year at the school, censored the student newspaper, the Oak Leaf. The November issue originally contained an article with information on birth control and another with photographs of students' tattoos. Though the paper had already been printed, Principal Ervin attempted to confiscate all 1800 copies. The newspaper's staff, with the help of the Student Press Law Center, brought the controversy national attention. On April 10, 2006, the incident led to Oak Ridge High School receiving a Jefferson Muzzle Award, issued annually by the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression to focus attention on free speech and First Amendment violations in the United States. Also in April 2006, Ervin was released from her position as principal and notified that her contract would not be continued for the following school year. Administrators gave no reason for their decision not to renew Ervin's contract. She was temporarily replaced by vice-principal Chuck Carringer, who was appointed to the position on a permanent basis early in 2007.
The Oak Ridge Wildcats football team were theoretical national champions for 1958, when they averaged 43.8 points per game and allowed their opponents an average of 2.6 points. In the school's history, the team has won eight state championships.
The Oak Ridge High School cross country teams have won a total of 14 state championships: 8 for boys and 6 for girls. In 2007 the boys' team won the first-ever Nike Team Nationals Southeast Regional and placed 18th at the national meet.
In 2005, Oak Ridge sent a group of three seniors to the national finals of the Siemens Competition, where they finished fourth for their work in Natural language processing. During the first week of December 2006, three seniors from ORHS presented their research on alternate fuel sources and won first place nationally. Scott Molony, Scott Horton, and Steven Arcangeli split a college scholarship worth $100,000.
In April 2006, another senior tied for first place in the Young Epidemiology Scholars Competition sponsored by the College Board and another senior received a smaller scholarship in the same competition. Oak Ridge is also nationally known for its consistent performance in Science Olympiad. Until recently, ORHS regularly sent a team to the nationals. Students from Oak Ridge also traditionally perform well on the American Math Competition exams.
In 2007 longtime ORHS math teacher Benita Albert was named to the USA Today All-USA Teaching Team, along with 19 other outstanding teachers from around the United States. Earlier that year student Scott Molony was named as one of 20 USA Today student All-Stars.
The Oak Ridge High School orchestra has been led by Jenifer Van Tol for more than 25 years, and has excelled past any and all other orchestras in a pleathera of out-of-state competitions, almost always winning 1st, 2nd, and or/ various overalls. They have continued this trend, and plan to keep it.
The Oak Ridge high school band, which is directed by Thomas Wade, Chuck Yost, Jeff Kile and Dale Pendley, consists of two bands: symphonic and concert. They have won many prestigious awards at various band competitions throughout the southeastern United States.
In 2009, ROAR teacher Beth Estep won the Titans Teacher of the Year Award for her outstanding performance and care for her students graduation.
In 2011, Seniors Cassee Cain and Ziyuan Liu won the Siemens Competition for their work using an Xbox Kinect to analyze the walking patterns of people with prosthetics.
In March, 2012, The Oak Ridge Wildbots FIRST Robotics Team in their Rookie year won the Rookie All-Star award at the Smoky Mountain Regional Competition at the Knoxville Convention Center. They would go on to compete at the World's competition in St. Louis from April 25–29. Ultimately placing 68th out of 100 in the Curie division.
In March, 2013, The Secret City Wildbots FIRST Robotics Team in their second year won the Smokey Mountain Regional in Knoxville, TN, along with the HVA RoHAWKtics and Red Nation (Halls), and proceeded to the World Championship in St. Louis from April 24-27. There they achieved 18th Place in the Archimedes division, and placed 19th in the world in an unofficial placement list.
Oak Ridge High School principals through the school's history have been:
- Charles Oliver, 1943–1945
- E.C. Cunningham, 1946–1947
- Donald Roe, 1948–1953
- Tom Dunigan, 1954–1971
- Jim Schott, 1972–1973
- Don Bordinger, 1974–1982
- William E. Hodgers, 1983–1994
- James F. Duncan, 1995–1999
- Kenneth E. Green, 2000–2005
- Becky W. Ervin, 2005–2006
- Chuck Carringer, 2006–2009
- Jody Goins, 2009-2013
- David Bryant, Started in 2013
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
- Bill Appleton, software developer and entrepreneur
- Jennifer Azzi, former WNBA player and Olympic gold medalist, now women's basketball coach for the University of San Francisco Dons
- General B.B. Bell, commanding general of the U.S. Army in Europe and commander of the U.S. Armed Forces in South Korea
- A. Keith Bissell, member of the Tennessee House of Representatives and chairman of the Tennessee Public Service Commission
- Mike Caldwell, NFL player and coach
- Nikki Caldwell, women's basketball head coach, formerly at UCLA, now at LSU 
- Raynella Dossett Leath, convicted murderer
- Charlie Ergen, co-founder and CEO of EchoStar Communications Corporation
- Mindy Gehrs, All-American swimmer
- Otis Howard, played basketball in the NBA
- Kai-Fu Lee, Google executive
- Doug Martin, head football coach, New Mexico State University and previously Kent State University
- Jason McAddley, National Football League player
- Randy McNally, Tennessee State Senator
- Edgar Meyer, Grammy Award-winning bassist
- Sarah Monette, fantasy author
- Mitch Rouse, actor, screenwriter, and director in TV and film
- Scott Stallings, professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- National Register of Historic Places Registration Form for Oak Ridge Historic District, July 18, 1991
- Mike Blackerby, Martin 'ahead of his time,' Knoxville News Sentinel, July 25, 2011, page 1B
- D. Ray Smith, AEC and Oak Ridge High School, August 14, 2008
- Dick Smyser, 53 years ago: First days at our 'new' high school, The Oak Ridger, March 4, 2004
- Bob Fowler, Before Clinton or Little Rock, Oak Ridge integration made history, Knoxville News Sentinel, February 16, 2009
- Charles Barton Jr., Waldo Cohn and the Oak Ridge Recall Election of 1954, The Nuclear Green Revolution website, January 25, 2008
- "Oak Ridge High School". Educational Design Showcase.
- Oak Ridge Schools website, accessed August 29, 2009
- Sex Ed Becomes a Lesson in Press Freedom By Andrew Chang and Charlotte Sector, ABC News, November 29, 2005
- The Thomas Jefferson Center For the Protection of Free Expression » Muzzle Archive 2006
- ORHS principal reassigned, The Oak Ridger, April 20, 2006
- Tank Johnson, 1958: Legends of the Fall, The Oak Ridger, August 1, 2008
- The 1,200 Top U.S. Schools - Newsweek America's Best High Schools - MSNBC.com
- y Siemens Foundation
- It all adds up for ORHS - again, by Bob Fowler, Knoxville News Sentinel, October 31, 2006
- 2005-2006 National First Place Winners
- 2005-06 Regional Finalists
- MAA American Mathematics Competitions - AMC
- All-USA teachers strive to give students confidence, chances, USATODAY.com
- Passion fuels seniors' ability to achieve, USATODAY.com, May 17, 2007
- "Students on edge of innovation win $100,000 prizes". InnovationNewsDaily. MSNBC. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- Macmillan, Emma. "Steven Chu's Visit to ORNL". Additive Manufacturing. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- FIRST. "FIRST Championship - Curie Division". Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- D. Ray Smith, 'New' high school in '51 talk of the town - and state, The Oak Ridger, August 12, 2008
- General (Retired) B.B. Bell (July 26, 2011). "Gen. Bell: Heritage High School Generals And Our Wounded Warriors-- Thank You". Chattanoogan.com.
- Sandra Whitten Plant, ORHS Class of '59 makes its mark on the world, The Oak Ridger, May 26, 2009
- Mike Caldwell, Databasefootball.com
- Nikki Caldwell Bio-LSUsports.net
- "Former Ridger found guilty in second husband's death". The Oak Ridger. January 26, 2010.
- Otis Howard, Basketball-Reference.com
- Guanxi (The art of relationships), page 38
- Mike Blackerby, Martin faces alma mater; Ex-Oak Ridge QB takes Kent to Kentucky in upset bid, Knoxville News Sentinel, September 6, 2007
- Mike Blackerby, Doug Martin, a coach on the rise, Oak Ridge Sports website, August 5, 2006
- Bendewald, Rouse married in Malibu, The Oak Ridger, March 1, 2002
- First PGA win a 'blessing' for Oak Ridge graduate Scott Stallings, Knoxville News Sentinel, August 1, 2011