Oakley, Kansas

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Oakley, Kansas
City
Gas station on US Route 40 near Interstate 70 in Oakley
Gas station on US Route 40 near Interstate 70 in Oakley
Location within Logan County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Logan County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 39°7′41″N 100°51′16″W / 39.12806°N 100.85444°W / 39.12806; -100.85444Coordinates: 39°7′41″N 100°51′16″W / 39.12806°N 100.85444°W / 39.12806; -100.85444
Country United States
State Kansas
Counties Logan, Thomas, Gove
Area[1]
 • Total 1.94 sq mi (5.02 km2)
 • Land 1.94 sq mi (5.02 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,064 ft (934 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,045
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,062
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67748
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-51825 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0485446 [5]
Website City Website

Oakley is a city in Gove, Logan, and Thomas counties in the U.S. state of Kansas. It is the county seat of Logan County.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,045.[7]

History[edit]

Oakley was founded in 1884.[8]

Geography[edit]

Oakley is located at 39°7′41″N 100°51′16″W / 39.12806°N 100.85444°W / 39.12806; -100.85444 (39.128023, -100.854490) at an elevation of 3,064 feet (934 m).[5][9] It lies roughly 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the South Fork of the Saline River in the High Plains region of the Great Plains.

The city is located at the intersection of Interstate 70, U.S. Route 40, and U.S. Route 83 in northwest Kansas. It is in the northeast corner of Logan County, and portions of it extend into Gove County and Thomas County. Oakley is approximately 211 miles (340 km) northwest of Wichita, 227 miles east-southeast of Denver, and 335 miles (539 km) west of Kansas City.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.94 square miles (5.02 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oakley has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 176
1900 269 52.8%
1910 681 153.2%
1920 768 12.8%
1930 1,159 50.9%
1940 1,138 −1.8%
1950 1,915 68.3%
1960 2,190 14.4%
1970 2,327 6.3%
1980 2,343 0.7%
1990 2,045 −12.7%
2000 2,173 6.3%
2010 2,045 −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,045 people, 920 households, and 562 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,054.1 inhabitants per square mile (407.0/km2). There were 1,035 housing units at an average density of 533.5 per square mile (206.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 920 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.9% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 44.8 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 22.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,173 people, 904 households, and 603 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,149.9 people per square mile (443.9/km²). There were 1,009 housing units at an average density of 533.9 per square mile (206.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.59% White, 0.55% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.46% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 904 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,781, and the median income for a family was $41,066. Males had a median income of $30,179 versus $19,886 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,882. About 3.1% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Museums[edit]

The Fick Fossil and History Museum is a museum that displays large dinosaur fossils from Kansas, many old tools, mineral specimens, and shell & mineral folk art. The museum is free (donations) and open seven days a week in the summer, with shorter hours during the winter.[12]

Education[edit]

Oakley School District (Unified School District 274) operates three public schools in the city:[13]

  • Oakley Elementary School (Grades Pre-K-5)
  • Oakley Middle School (6-8)
  • Oakley High School (9-12)

There is also one Catholic school in Oakley, St. Joseph School (Pre-K-5).[14]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 40 runs east-west along the southern edge of the city. U.S. Route 83, which runs north-south, intersects U.S. 40 south of the city, runs concurrently with it for 1 mile going west, then turns north, running along the western edge of the city. East of the city, U.S. 40 merges with Interstate 70, which approaches from the northwest, and continues east.

Oakley Municipal Airport, located southeast of the city, hosts general aviation.[15]

The Kansas Pacific (KP) Line of the Union Pacific Railroad runs east-west through town. A branch line splits off to the northwest toward Colby.[16]

Media[edit]

Oakley has a weekly newspaper, The Oakley Graphic.[17]

In popular culture[edit]

The Palace Theatre in Oakley has been featured in People magazine and ABC World News after the establishment reopened in 2003 after being forced to close indefinitely two years prior. It is a community run theatre and is managed by senior students in the Oakley High School entrepreneurship class.[18] See the ABC World News video here[19]

The 2006 CBS television series Jericho is about a fictional small town in northwest Kansas that must cope with the aftermath of nuclear attacks on major American cities. The fictional town of Jericho shares many similarities with Oakley, which is about 70 miles from the Colorado/Kansas border. Oakley and Jericho also share the same intersection points of Interstate 70, U.S. Route 83, and U.S. Route 40.[original research?]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  8. ^ "History of Oakley". City of Oakley, Kansas. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Oakley, Kansas
  12. ^ Fick Fossil and History Museum
  13. ^ "Oakley School District". Oakley School District. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  14. ^ "St. Joseph Church & School - Classrooms". St. Joseph Church & School. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  15. ^ "KOEL - Oakley Municipal Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  16. ^ "UPRR Common Line Names". Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  17. ^ "About this Newspaper: The Oakley graphic". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  18. ^ Palace Theatre website
  19. ^ ABC World News

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps