Oaklyn, New Jersey

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Oaklyn, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Oaklyn
Motto: Catch the Hometown Spirit
Oaklyn highlighted in Camden County
Oaklyn highlighted in Camden County
Census Bureau map of Oaklyn, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Oaklyn, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°54′05″N 75°04′47″W / 39.901291°N 75.079827°W / 39.901291; -75.079827Coordinates: 39°54′05″N 75°04′47″W / 39.901291°N 75.079827°W / 39.901291; -75.079827[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated March 13, 1905
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Robert Forbes (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Bonnie Taft[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.694 sq mi (1.796 km2)
 • Land 0.628 sq mi (1.626 km2)
 • Water 0.066 sq mi (0.170 km2)  9.48%
Area rank 532nd of 566 in state
30th of 37 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,038
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 4,022
 • Rank 411th of 566 in state
26th of 37 in county[11]
 • Density 6,432.9/sq mi (2,483.8/km2)
 • Density rank 74th of 566 in state
5th of 37 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08107[12][13]
Area code(s) 856[14]
FIPS code 3400753880[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885331[17][2]
Website www.oaklyn-nj.com

Oaklyn is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,038,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 150 (-3.6%) from the 4,188 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 242 (-5.5%) from the 4,430 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Oaklyn was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 13, 1905, from portions of Haddon Township.[19]

Geography[edit]

Oaklyn is located at 39°54′05″N 75°04′47″W / 39.901291°N 75.079827°W / 39.901291; -75.079827 (39.901291,-75.079827). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.694 square miles (1.796 km2), of which, 0.628 square miles (1.626 km2) of it is land and 0.066 square miles (0.170 km2) of it (9.48%) is water.[1][2]

History[edit]

Oaklyn was once dense forest land which was inhabited by Lenape Native Americans. In 1681, a group of Quakers seeking religious freedom sailed from Ireland to Fenwick's Colony at Salem, New Jersey where they spent the winter.[20] In 1682, they sailed up the Delaware River and settled on Newton Creek.[20] William Bates, their leader, purchased 250 acres (1.0 km2) on the south side of Newton Creek from the local Native Americans. The original Quaker settlement, known as Newton Colony, was located in The Manor section of today's Oaklyn.[21]

The Colony began to grow rapidly and the land was cleared for farming. Eventually two highways were laid out. One, from the Delaware River to Egg Harbor, followed an old Native American trail, which is today the Black Horse Pike. The other was known as the Long-a-coming trail, which extended from Atlantic City to Berlin and then from Berlin to Camden. This trail is now known as the White Horse Pike.

After the American Revolutionary War, a group of Virginia sportsmen built a racetrack on the east side of the White Horse Pike. President Ulysses S. Grant visited this track as a young man before it closed in 1846. Samuel Bettle bought the land which was formerly the racetrack and eventually, the land was deeded to Haddon Township.[21]

As the years passed, the farms along Newton Creek were divided into lots and the development called "Oakland the Beautiful." The name was changed to Oaklyn in 1894 to avoid confusion with another Oakland in North Jersey.[21] Finally, in 1905, Oaklyn broke away from Haddon Township and became an independent borough governed by a mayor and six councilmen.

Oaklyn borders Audubon, Audubon Park, Collingswood, and Haddon Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 653
1920 1,148 75.8%
1930 3,843 234.8%
1940 3,869 0.7%
1950 4,889 26.4%
1960 4,778 −2.3%
1970 4,626 −3.2%
1980 4,223 −8.7%
1990 4,430 4.9%
2000 4,188 −5.5%
2010 4,038 −3.6%
Est. 2012 4,022 [10] −0.4%
Population sources: 1910-2000[22]
1910-1920[23] 1910[24]
1910-1930[25]
1930-1990[26] 2000[27][28] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,038 people, 1,725 households, and 1,007 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,432.9 per square mile (2,483.8 /km2). There were 1,847 housing units at an average density of 2,942.4 per square mile (1,136.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.40% (3,731) White, 2.48% (100) Black or African American, 0.22% (9) Native American, 1.81% (73) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.49% (60) from other races, and 1.58% (64) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.37% (217) of the population.[7]

There were 1,725 households, of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.03.[7]

In the borough, 20.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,690 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $86,019 (+/- $13,045). Males had a median income of $52,963 (+/- $6,041) versus $44,653 (+/- $12,251) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,168 (+/- $2,965). About 1.6% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] of 2000, there were 4,188 people, 1,791 households, and 1,067 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,824.2 people per square mile (2,650.8/km2). There were 1,893 housing units at an average density of 3,084.6 per square mile (1,198.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.92% White, 1.15% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.[27][28]

There were 1,791 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.07.[27][28]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,364, and the median income for a family was $55,434. Males had a median income of $37,474 versus $30,243 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,157. About 5.2% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Oaklyn is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[5]

As of 2013, Oaklyn's Mayor is Democrat Robert Forbes, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[30] Members of the Oaklyn Borough Council (with party affiliation, term-end year and committee directorships listed in parentheses) are Council President Jim Rafferty (D, 2013; Public Works), Ron Aron (D, 2015; Buildings and Grounds), Greg Brandley (D, 2015), Jennifer DiMarco (D, 2014; Planning and Zoning), Ryan Kooi (D, 2013; Finance) and Chuck Lehman (D, 2014; Recreation & Senior Activities).[31][32][33]

Emergency services[edit]

The Oaklyn Fire Department (Station 18-3) is responsible for fire protection in the Borough of Oaklyn and until December 2007 was responsible for Haddon Township Fire District 3, which paid the Borough of Oaklyn for fire protection through tax money it collected from its residents. Fire District 3 covers the Bettlewood, Heather Glen, and Heather Woods sections of Haddon Township. This was a long standing agreement that existed since 1905. From 1902 when the Oaklyn fire service was established until 1905, Oaklyn and the Bettlewood section were both in Haddon Twp. Subsequently the Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 of the Oaklyn section of Haddon Township provided fire protection to the whole area, as it was and still is a continuous land mass. When Oaklyn seceded from the Township in 1905 there was an agreement made between Oaklyn Borough and Haddon Township that Oaklyn would still protect the District 3 section since they were much closer and the fire apparatus was horse drawn at the time. This relationship continued for another 102 years until January 2008. Currently, Fire District 3 is protected by Westmont Fire Co. # 1 pursuant to three consecutive one-year agreements.

The Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 (Station 18-1) was established in 1902 (predating the borough's establishment) and was located on Newton Avenue near the Suburban Lumber Company, which ironically has been the site of several famous Camden County fires occurring in the 1950s, 1980s, and 1990s. The Oaklyn Fire Co. building still stands today as a private residence. The company was formed by Oaklyn residents who had been volunteering their services at the nearby Defender Fire Company (Station 1-2), which was located in the community of Orston (then another section of Haddon Township, now part of Audubon borough). Until the formation of the Oaklyn Fire Company, the Defender Fire Company handled firefighting duties in the Borough of Oaklyn (The Defender Fire Company was subsequently taken over by the Audubon Fire Department (Station 1-1) as of 1996).

The Welcome Fire Company (Station 18-2) was established in 1906 and was located at the corner of the White Horse Pike and West Clinton Avenue. Today, the building houses the Oaklyn Police Department and Borough Hall and stands next to the current fire station. The Welcome Fire Company was established when residents who wished to volunteer with the Oaklyn Fire Company found they had filled their roster and were not "welcoming" any new members, hence their name.

The current incarnation of the Oaklyn Fire Department was established in 1976 when Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 and the Welcome Fire Company consolidated their services. David Aron was the first Chief following the merger, previously serving as Chief of the Welcome Fire Company. The current Fire Chief is Scott Cairns.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Oaklyn is located in the 1st Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 6th state legislative district.[8][35][36]

The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014.[37] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[38][39] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[40][41]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 6th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James Beach (D, Voorhees Township) and in the General Assembly by Louis Greenwald (D, Voorhees Township) and Pamela Rosen Lampitt (D, Cherry Hill).[42] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[43] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[44]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with wither two or three seats coming up for election each year.[45] As of 2014, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2014)[46], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2016)[47], Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015)[48], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015)[49], Scot N. McCray (Camden, 2014)[50], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015)[51] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016).[52][53][54] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Joseph Ripa,[55] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham[56] and Surrogate Patricia Egan "Pat" Jones.[57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,835 registered voters in Oaklyn, of which 1,165 (41.1%) were registered as Democrats, 417 (14.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,249 (44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[58]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 60.2% of the vote here (1,311 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 37.0% (806 votes), with 2,176 ballots cast among the borough's 2,799 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.7%.[59] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 57.8% of the vote here (1,229 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 41.1% (874 votes), with 2,125 ballots cast among the borough's 2,752 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.2.[60]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 45.6% of the vote here (616 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 43.6% (589 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.7% (90 votes), with 1,351 ballots cast among the borough's 2,810 registered voters, yielding a 48.1% turnout.[61]

Education[edit]

Oaklyn Public School District serves students in Kindergarten through ninth grade. The district's one facility, Oaklyn Public School, had an enrollment of 421 students in the 2010-11 school year (based on enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics.[62] Oaklyn Public School serves students from the Borough of Hi-Nella as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[63]

Public school students from Oaklyn in tenth through twelfth grades attend Collingswood High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Collingswood Public Schools.[64][65] The relationship between Collingswood and Oaklyn has been in place for over 40 years.

Transportation[edit]

Oaklyn had a total of 11.92 miles (19.18 km) of roadways, of which 7.69 miles (12.38 km) are maintained by the borough, 3.57 miles (5.75 km) by Camden County and 0.66 miles (1.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[66]

New Jersey Transit bus service between the borough and Philadelphia is available on the 400 and 403 routes, with local service on the 450 route.[67]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Oaklyn include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Clerk / Administrator, Borough of Oaklyn. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 33.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Oaklyn, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Oaklyn borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 4. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Oaklyn borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Oaklyn, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 22, 2011.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Oaklyn, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 108. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Clement, John (1877). Sketches of the first emigrant settlers of Newton Township. pp. 53-54
  21. ^ a b c Tulini, Bob. "Oaklyn: Small town reflects American image", Courier-Post, October 18, 2006. Accessed November 22, 2011.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  23. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  24. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Oaklyn borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Oaklyn borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Oaklyn borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  30. ^ Robert Forbes, New Jersey Conference of Mayors. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  31. ^ Legislature, Borough of Oaklyn. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  32. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Oaklyn. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  33. ^ Staff. "Camden County election results 2012", South Jersey Times, November 7, 2012. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 62, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  38. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  39. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  40. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  41. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 21, 2014.
  43. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  45. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  46. ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  47. ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  48. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  49. ^ Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ Scot N. McCray, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  56. ^ Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Surrogate's Court, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  59. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  60. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  61. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  62. ^ School Data for the Oaklyn Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  63. ^ Oaklyn Public School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Approximately 4,000 people reside in the town of Oaklyn. Right in the middle of Kendall Boulevard, you will find the Oaklyn Public School. Today, this historic little school building that was constructed in 1926 services approximately 450 pre-kindergarten through ninth grade students. Students residing in Oaklyn and Hi-Nella attend this school."
  64. ^ Collingswood High School, South Jersey magazine. Accessed November 18, 2007. "Collingswood High School serves about 850 students in grades nine through twelve from the Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne school districts"
  65. ^ Giordano, Rita. "N.J. puts pressure on schools to share Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne are just three districts being pushed to combine services - or more.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 11, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne, she said, are reasonable candidates for administrative sharing. Oaklyn Superintendent Tommy Stringer is due to retire in December, and Woodlynne has an interim superintendent, Walter Rudder. Collingswood Superintendent Scott Oswald is established and well-regarded. Oaklyn and Woodlynne students attend Collingswood High School."
  66. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  67. ^ Camden County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed November 22, 2011.
  68. ^ Mulford, Kim. "A matter of faith: Mitch Albom's latest book has deep roots in Cherry Hill", Courier-Press, September 28, 2009. Accessed January 27, 2012. "After graduating from a private academy at age 16, Albom left his hometown of Oaklyn for good."
  69. ^ Lang, Carole Ann (October 16, 1975). "William Bates, a builder of freedom". Weekly Retrospect.
  70. ^ Tom Deery, College Football Hall of Fame. Accessed February 8, 2011.

External links[edit]