Oakridge, Oregon

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Oakridge, Oregon
City
Highway 58 in Oakridge
Highway 58 in Oakridge
Motto: Center of Oregon Outdoor Recreation, Mountain Biking Capital of the Northwest[1]
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 43°44′46″N 122°27′48″W / 43.74611°N 122.46333°W / 43.74611; -122.46333Coordinates: 43°44′46″N 122°27′48″W / 43.74611°N 122.46333°W / 43.74611; -122.46333
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Incorporated 1912
Government
 • Mayor Jerry Shorey
Area[2]
 • Total 2.20 sq mi (5.70 km2)
 • Land 2.10 sq mi (5.44 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation 1,240 ft (380 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 3,205
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 3,207
 • Density 1,526.2/sq mi (589.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97463
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-54100[5]
GNIS feature ID 1166689[6]
Website www.ci.oakridge.or.us
Oakridge as seen from a hill to the north
Oakridge as seen from the north, along the North Fork Trail, with snow-capped Diamond Peak in the distance
Highway 58 in Oakridge

Oakridge is a city in Lane County, Oregon, United States. The population was 3,205 as of the 2010 census.[3] It is located east of Westfir on Oregon Route 58, about 40 miles (64 km) east of Eugene and 150 miles (240 km) southeast of Portland. Surrounded by the Willamette National Forest and the Cascade Range, Oakridge is popular with outdoor enthusiasts for its hiking, mountain biking, wildflowers, fly fishing, birding, watersports, and nearby Willamette Pass Resort.[1][7]

The city was originally a community called "Hazeldell", and its post office was established on July 26, 1888. When a station on the Southern Pacific Railroad opened in May 1912, it was named "Oak Ridge" by a railroad executive for the surrounding topography, and on July 19 of that year, the name was changed to "Oakridge".[8]

The economy of Oakridge and nearby Westfir has been centered on the railroad, the logging industry, and recreation. In the 20th century, there were two sawmills that processed logs from nearby timberland—an Oakridge mill owned by the Pope and Talbot Lumber Company and an Edward Hines mill in Westfir. Both of the mills had closed by 1985, and the local economy declined. Since then it has been slightly rebounding, with a new general store opening in 2010, a bakery in 2011, and a brewery and mercantile.[9][10][11][12]

History[edit]

The area now known as Oakridge was first explored in 1852 as a possible route for pioneers coming from Central Oregon to the Willamette Valley. A post office was named "Hazeldell" in 1888, and the place's name later changed to "Big Prairie", and then "Oak Ridge".[13][14][15] In 1912, a new community was formed and officially named Oakridge. Since its beginnings as a mountain ranch, Oakridge has been a railroad boomtown, a lumberjacks' haven,[13] and an outdoor enthusiast's destination.[1][16]

The early boom for Oakridge can be attributed to the Southern Pacific Railroad. By 1910, work had already begun on Tunnel 22, a short route connecting Oakridge to the area now known as Westfir. Oakridge was a station on Southern Pacific's Cascade subdivision, a line that goes over Willamette Pass via the Natron Cutoff that was built in 1926, and the railroad played an integral part of the economy and lifestyle in Oakridge. The Union Pacific Railroad still operates the rails and trains are a common sight in Oakridge.[17]

On July 2, 1946, the Pope and Talbot Lumber Company purchased timberland near Oakridge. By 1948, the company had built a large sawmill and had begun a massive timber logging operation. While the railroad and Westfir's Hines sawmill began to slow down, the Pope and Talbot mill expanded and eventually employed more than 500 people. The combined economic base of the railroad and sawmills accounted for the population growth of the 1960s and 1970s, when the community of Willamette City was consolidated into Oakridge.[14][18] However, in 1978, the Hines mill in Westfir closed, and by 1985 the Pope and Talbot Mill had laid off all of its workers. The City of Oakridge now owns the property that formerly housed the Pope and Talbot sawmill.[18]

Geography[edit]

Oakridge sits at an elevation ranging from 1,200 to 1,600 feet (370 to 490 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.20 square miles (5.70 km2), of which 2.10 square miles (5.44 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[2]

Oakridge lies in a small valley in the foothills of the Cascade Range and is completely surrounded by the Willamette National Forest. Five streams are located in and around Oakridge; they are Salmon Creek, Salt Creek, Hills Creek, and the Middle and North forks of the Willamette River, the latter of which has been designated Wild and Scenic. Diamond Peak, a shield volcano located in the nearby Diamond Peak Wilderness to the southeast, can be seen from various spots in and around Oakridge. Waldo Lake, known as one of the purest lakes in the world, and Salt Creek Falls, one of the largest waterfalls in Oregon, are located about 20 miles (32 km) east of town.[19][20]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oakridge has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[21]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,205 people (up from 3,148 people at the 2000 census), 1,437 households, and 849 families residing in the city. The population density was about 1,526 inhabitants per square mile (589.2 /km2). There were 1,605 housing units at an average density of about 764 per square mile (295.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was about 91% White, 1% African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.4% of the population.

There were 1,437 households of which about 24% had children under the age of 18 living with them, about 42% were married couples living together, about 11% had a female householder with no husband present, about 6% had a male householder with no wife present, and about 41% were non-families. About 34% of all households were made up of individuals and about 16% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was about 2.2 and the average family size was about 2.8.

The median age in the city was about 48 years. Twenty percent of residents were under the age of 18; about 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; about 19% were from 25 to 44; 32% were from 45 to 64; and about 23% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

Economy[edit]

The Pope and Talbot mill closed in 1992, leaving the community without a major employer. Following the closure, many residents struggled to find employment, working low-paying service jobs in the community or commuting to Eugene. The town's two largest employers continue to be the Oakridge School District and the United States Forest Service. However, in recent years there has been a cultural and economic revival centered on the outdoor recreational activities and local artists and craftspeople in the Oakridge area. Many new small businesses have opened, including a bicycle shop/ski shop/mercantile, an outdoor guide service, a microbrewery, and a bakery. The Uptown business district has formed the Uptown Business Revitalization Association (UBRA) and has worked to attract new businesses to the district. While there is still a scarcity of local employment, Oakridge is creating new businesses and jobs 20 years after the closure of the lumber mill.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Distances from Oakridge, posted in Mannings Cafe

Land[edit]

State Highway 58, a designated freight route,[22] serves as a major connection between Highway 97 and Interstate 5. Running east-west, Highway 58 links the Willamette Valley with Central Oregon while crossing through the Willamette National Forest and Cascade Range.

Rail[edit]

Union Pacific Railroad's main north/south line in the western two-thirds of the United States, with cargo shipping services, runs through Oakridge. Amtrak shares the rail line and provides passenger train service to nationwide destinations from Eugene.[23]

Bus[edit]

Lane Transit District's Diamond Express runs three trips inbound and outbound on weekdays to the Eugene/Springfield area.[24]

Air[edit]

Oakridge State Airport

Oakridge State Airport is a public airport located one mile west of Oakridge. Eugene Airport, located 45 miles (72 km) west, is the closest regional terminal providing passenger and cargo air services with access to all world markets.

Ports[edit]

The closest International Shipping Ports to Oakridge are the Port of Coos Bay, located 145 miles (233 km) to the west in Coos Bay, and the Port of Portland, located 149 miles (240 km) to the north in Portland.

Education[edit]

The Oakridge School District consists of two schools and serves the children of Oakridge, Westfir, and outlying areas including High Prairie.

  • Oakridge Elementary School - Grades K–6

In 2008, Oakridge High School was recognized as one of the best high schools in America by U.S. News & World Report.[9]

The University of Oregon and Lane Community College are located 40 miles (64 km) to the west.

The Oakridge Public Library was built at 48318 E. First St., next to the city hall, in 2012. It was paid for with a federal grant of $800,000 and replaces a smaller library that was located in the city hall building.[25][26]


Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mountain Biking Capital of the Northwest". City of Oakridge. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Oregon Mountain Biking". Oregon Mountain Biking. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  8. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 715. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  9. ^ a b Bates, Doug (2009-10-10). "Oakridge: A mill town on the mend". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  10. ^ "Lion Mountain Bakery". Yelp. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  11. ^ "Anglo-American Public House and Brewery". Brewers Union Local 180. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  12. ^ a b Eckholm, Erik (2006-08-20). "Rural Oregon Town Feels Pinch of Poverty". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  13. ^ a b Jacklet, Ben. "Trouble in Timber Town". Oregon Business. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  14. ^ a b "History". City of Oakridge. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  15. ^ Engeman, Richard H. (2009). The Oregon Companion: An Historical Gazetteer of The Useful, The Curious, and The Arcane. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. p. 274. ISBN 978-0-88192-899-0. 
  16. ^ Letson, Al (2010-08-14). "Former Oregon Lumber Town Tries To Reinvent Itself". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  17. ^ "Railfan Sites in Oregon". Frograil Rail Tours. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  18. ^ a b Tobe, Lisa; Buttolph, Lita. "Oakridge, Oregon" (PDF). Sierra Institute. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  19. ^ Richard, Terry (2014-01-12). "Snow isn't essential to enjoy Willamette Pass in Oregon". The Herald (Everett, Washington). Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  20. ^ "Waldo Lake Wilderness". U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  21. ^ Climate Summary for Oakridge, Oregon
  22. ^ "State Highway Freight System" (PDF). Oregon Department of Transportation. March 2006. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  23. ^ "Eugene, OR (EUG): Station Building (with waiting room)". Amtrak. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  24. ^ "Diamond Express: Your Ride to Eugene". Lane Transit District. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  25. ^ "Library". City of Oakridge. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  26. ^ Markstrom, Serena (2013-02-18). "Oakridge writes a new chapter in saga of public library". The Register-Guard (Eugene, Oregon). Retrieved 2013-03-21. 

External links[edit]