Novosibirsk Reservoir

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Novosibirsk Reservoir
The Ob sea.jpg
Official name Новосибирское водохранилище
Country Russian Federation
Location Novosibirsk Oblast
Coordinates 54°50′57″N 82°59′20″E / 54.84917°N 82.98889°E / 54.84917; 82.98889Coordinates: 54°50′57″N 82°59′20″E / 54.84917°N 82.98889°E / 54.84917; 82.98889
Purpose Power
Status Operational
Construction began 1950
Opening date 1957
Dam and spillways
Impounds Ob River
Height 33 m
Reservoir
Total capacity 8.8 km3
Surface area 1,070 km2
Max. length 200 km
Max. width 17 km
Power station
Installed capacity 400 MW

Novosibirsk Reservoir or Novosibirskoye Reservoir (Russian: Новосиби́рское водохрани́лище), informally called the Ob Sea (Обско́е мо́ре), is the largest artificial lake in Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai, Russian Federation. It was created by a 33 m high concrete dam on the Ob River near Novosibirsk.[1] The dam, built in 1956, is for generating hydroelectric power. The reservoir is 200 km long and up to 17 km wide. Its area is 1,070 km2 and its volume is 8.8 km3. Its average depth is 8.3 m.[2] The design hydroelectric power output is 400 MW, the average energy production is 1,687 GWh per year.[1]

During the summer, the lake is one of the most popular destinations for Novosibirsk residents, with many yachts and boats dotting the surface, and the beaches teeming with people.

The Karakan Pine Forest is situated on the eastern coast of the reservoir, while most of the towns and villages are situated on the western coast. The larger towns bordering the reservoir are Novosibirsk (Akademgorodok quarter), Kamen-na-Obi and Berdsk. Berdsk was severely impacted by the reservoir's construction, its historical centre having been submerged by the water. Several smaller villages nearby met with the same fate.

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