Oberbözberg

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Oberbözberg
Former municipality of Switzerland
Oberbözberg -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Oberbözberg
Canton Aargau
District Brugg
47°30′N 8°9′E / 47.500°N 8.150°E / 47.500; 8.150Coordinates: 47°30′N 8°9′E / 47.500°N 8.150°E / 47.500; 8.150
Population 499 (Dec 2011)
- Density 92 /km2 (237 /sq mi)
Area 5.45 km2 (2.10 sq mi)
Elevation 540 m (1,772 ft)
Postal code 5225
SFOS number 4108
Surrounded by Effingen, Mönthal, Remigen, Riniken, Unterbözberg
Website www.oberboezberg.ch
SFSO statistics
Oberbözberg is located in Switzerland
Oberbözberg
Oberbözberg

Oberbözberg is a former municipality in the district of Brugg in canton of Aargau in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Gallenkirch, Linn, Oberbözberg and Unterbözberg merged to form the new municipality of Bözberg.[1]

History[edit]

Oberbözberg is first mentioned in 1189 as Bozeberch.[2] Until 1873, the municipality was part of Bözberg, which split into Oberbözberg and Unterbözberg.[1]

Geography[edit]

Oberbözberg had an area, as of 2009, of 5.45 square kilometers (2.10 sq mi). Of this area, 2.75 square kilometers (1.06 sq mi) or 50.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.4 square kilometers (0.93 sq mi) or 44.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.26 square kilometers (0.10 sq mi) or 4.8% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes.[3]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 2.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.7%. 43.5% of the total land area is heavily forested. Of the agricultural land, 32.8% is used for growing crops and 14.3% is pastures, while 3.3% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[3]

The former municipality is located in the Brugg district. It consists of the linear village of Oberbözberg and the hamlet of Ueberthal as well as scattered farms.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent on a Base Vert a Pine Tree of the same and a Deer Gules stantant to sinister and regardant.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Oberbözberg had a population (as of 2011) of 499.[5] As of June 2009, 7.1% of the population are foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of -5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.5%), with French being second most common ( 0.9%) and English being third ( 0.9%).[7]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Oberbözberg is; 37 children or 7.7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 77 teenagers or 16.0% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 58 people or 12.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 41 people or 8.5% are between 30 and 39, 87 people or 18.0% are between 40 and 49, and 95 people or 19.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 49 people or 10.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 19 people or 3.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 15 people or 3.1% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 4 people or 0.8% who are 90 and older.[8]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.56 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[9] About 75.4% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[10]

As of 2000, there were 8 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 58 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 121 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.77 individuals.[11] In 2008 there were 127 single family homes (or 59.1% of the total) out of a total of 215 homes and apartments.[12] There were a total of 6 empty apartments for a 2.8% vacancy rate.[12] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 6.1 new units per 1000 residents.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (15.2%), the SP (13.2%) and the CVP (11.3%).[7]

In Oberbözberg about 80.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[7] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 38 students attending primary school in the municipality.[11]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 283 —    
1950 264 −6.7%
2000 534 +102.3%

Sights[edit]

The hamlet of Ueberthal is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[13]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Oberbözberg had an unemployment rate of 1.18%. As of 2005, there were 67 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 10 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 36 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 10 businesses in this sector.[7]

As of 2000 there was a total of 275 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 227 or about 82.5% of the residents worked outside Oberbözberg while 20 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 68 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[14] Of the working population, 21.7% used public transportation to get to work, and 52.4% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 153 or 28.7% were Roman Catholic, while 304 or 56.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
  2. ^ a b Oberbözberg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 8 April 2010
  5. ^ Canton of Aargau Statistical Office, MS Excel document – Bevölkerungsbestand 2011 nach Gemeinde, Geschlecht u. Nationalität (per 31. Dezember 2011) (German) accessed 2 May 2012
  6. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 8 April 2010
  8. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  9. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)" (pdf). Urban Audit Glossary. 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  10. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  11. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  12. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  13. ^ ISOS site accessed 08-Apr-2010
  14. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010