Obergefreiter

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Obergefreiter (abbr. OGefr.) is a rank of the German and Swiss militaries which dates from the 19th century.

German Army rank insignia (shoulder tab)[1]
German Navy rank insignia (sleeve)[2]
Former German Wehrmacht Obergefreiter rank insignia (Illustrated: Luftwaffe airman Flieger shoulder tab with yellow piping and Obergefreiter insignia worn on the upper left-sleeve).

The rank was only used in the German army's heavy artillery branch (Fußartillerie) before 1919 and commonly established with the founding of the Reichswehr. Translated as "Senior Lance-Corporal", in World War II the rank was normally given to soldiers who had command over small squads or to those soldiers who held the rank of Gefreiter and had performed a significant feat of achievement. An Obergefreiter was not considered a non-commissioned officer (Unteroffizier).

In today's Bundeswehr, every Gefreiter is normally promoted Obergefreiter after six months. The NATO-Code is OR-3 which would make Obergefreiter the equivalent to Private / Airman / Seaman First Class in most forces or, e.g., Lance Corporal in the Australian/New Zealand Forces. Like all enlisted personnel in the German Bundeswehr, soldiers of this rank have no military authority over lower ranking enlisted personnel (for instance Schütze or Gefreiter), except given by a higher rank.

Swiss rank insignia

In the Swiss Army the rank of Obergefreiter (short: Obgfr) was introduced after a long debate on 1 January 2004. They are specialists, who take over tasks of responsibility or hold the position of a group commander.

In the Bundeswehr the lower rank is Gefreiter while the next rank is Hauptgefreiter. The lower rank in the Swiss Army is also Gefreiter, the next rank is Korporal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ German Army rank insignia
  2. ^ German Navy rank insignia