|Other names||Swiss Alpine|
|Country of origin||Originated in the Swiss Alps. Brought over to United States in 1900's.|
|Weight||Male: 68 kg (150 lb)|
|Female: 54 kg (120 lb)|
|Height||Male: 76 cm (30 in)|
|Female: 71 cm (28 in)|
|Wool color||chamoisée, brown with black dorsal stripe and lower legs|
|Face color||brown with black stripes|
|Horn status||horned or polled |
|Website: Oberhasli Breeders of America|
Capra aegagrus hircus
The Oberhasli is a modern American breed of dairy goat. It derives from the subtype of Chamois Colored Goat from the Oberhasli district of the Bernese Oberland in central Switzerland. All purebred members of the breed descend from five Chamois Colored Goats imported to the United States in 1936. A breeder's association was formed in 1977, and a herdbook established in the following year. Until then, goats of this type had been known as Swiss Alpine, and interbred with Alpine goats of other types.
Goats of Oberhasli type were imported to the USA in 1906 and in 1920, but these goats were not bred pure and the bloodlines were lost. In 1936, H. O. Pence imported five Chamois Colored Goats from Switzerland to the United States; all purebred Oberhasli in the USA descend from these. Until the 1970s these animals were registered as Swiss Alpines. Crossbreeds with French Alpine or American Alpine stock were registered as American Alpines.
An association of breeders, the Oberhasli Breeders of America, was formed in about 1977. In 1978 or 1979 the Oberhasli was accepted as a breed by the American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA). A purebred herd maintained with records by Esther Oman, a breeder in California, was the foundation of the new breed. In 1980 the ADGA retrieved part-bred Oberhasli-type goats from its other herdbooks.
The coloring of the breed is called "chamoisée" or "chamoisee" for its perceived resemblance to the colors of the wild Alpine chamois. The coat is bay or mid-brown, with black markings consisting of two black facial stripes through the eyes to the muzzle, a black forehead, a black dorsal stripe or mule stripe, and black belly and lower limbs. Does, but not bucks, may also be solid black.
- Dohner, Janet Vorwald (2001), The encyclopedia of historic and endangered livestock and poultry breeds, Yale agrarian studies, Yale University Press, p. 60–61, ISBN 978-0-300-08880-9
- Porter, Valerie (ed.), Ian Lauder Mason (2002). Mason's world dictionary of livestock breeds, types, and varieties 5th edition. Wallingford: CABI ISBN 085199430X. p. 149.
- Ruth McCormick (July 2000). [History]. United Caprine News. Edited version on website of Oberhasli Breeders of America. Accessed June 2014.
- Breed data sheet: Oberhasli/United States of America. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014.
- ADGA/AGS Breed Standards. Oberhasli Breeders of America. Accessed June 2014.
- Oberhasli goat. The Livestock Conservancy. Accessed June 2014.