CentrO-Park in Oberhausen
|District||Urban districts of Germany|
|• Lord Mayor||Klaus Wehling (SPD)|
|• Total||77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||78 m (256 ft)|
|• Density||2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Website||City of Oberhausen (de)|
Oberhausen (German pronunciation: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzən]) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg (c. 12 km) and Essen (c. 13 km). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage. The city's Sea Life Centre was home to Paul the Octopus.
Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Castle Oberhausen (German: Schloss Oberhausen). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs like Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. After becoming a city in 1901, Oberhausen incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and the US Forces had reached the plant by April 4, 1945.
Oberhausen was largely focused on mining and steel production until the 1960s. The last coal mine closed in 1992 and the large Thyssen iron and steel mill closed in 1997 (over 50,000 jobs). The Altenberg zinc factory (German: Zinkfabrik Altenberg) closed in 1981, was taken over by the Rheinisches Industriemuseum (English: Rhineland Industry Museum) in 1984, and opened in 1997.
Demographics and Industry
The age breakdown of the population is 0-18, 18.2%; 18-64, 62.9%; >65, 18.9%; while the unemployment rate is 13.2% (January 2007) and the foreign population ratio is 12.4%.
Oberhausen performs chemical processing, mechanical engineering, and education. The "Neue Mitte Oberhausen" (English: New Central Oberhausen) at the former site of the Thyssen mill has light industry.
Oberhausen has 4 city centres, and Alt-Oberhausen, Sterkrade and Osterfeld are common town centres. The new city centre with its mall draws many people from more distant places as it also boasts a larger number of exceptional shops. Much of the city is composed of low- to medium-density residential areas, most of which date from the 1950s-1970s.
- Gasometer Oberhausen, a huge gas holder converted into exhibition space.
- Ludwiggalerie in the Castle Oberhausen
- "Neue Mitte" with CentrO shopping mall, Sea Life aquarium, LEGOLAND Discovery centre, König Pilsener Arena, and CentrO.park, an amusement park.
- OLGA-Park, a landscaped garden in Osterfeld created for a horticultural show
- Rheinisches Industriemuseum (English: Rhineland Industrial Museum)
- The memorial shrine of Paul the Octopus in the Oberhausen Sea Life Centre, who predicted national soccer match winners by choosing between two food boxes labelled with flags
Oberhausen is well connected to the German motorway network.
- A2 (E34) (Oberhausen - Dortmund - Bielefeld - Hanover - Magdeburg - Berlin)
- A3 (E35) (from Arnhem - Oberhausen - Cologne - Frankfurt - Würzburg - Nuremberg - Passau - to Linz)
- A40 (Ruhrschnellweg, Venlo - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund)
- A42 (Emscherschnellweg, Kamp-Lintfort - Oberhausen - Gelsenkirchen - Dortmund)
- A516 (Motorway Interchange from A2 to Oberhausen-Zentrum)
Oberhausen Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in the city. Long-distance trains stop at the station (some even to Amsterdam and Basel) as well as regional and local services. There are stations at Holten, Sterkrade and Osterfeld Süd, catering for regional and local travel.
- Public Transport
With around 250 sports clubs Oberhausen has an active community. Local football club Rot-Weiss Oberhausen currently play in the fourth tier of the league (Regionalliga West).
Twin towns – Sister cities
Oberhausen is twinned with:
- Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, since 1974
- Zaporizhia, Ukraine, since 1986
- Freital, Germany, since 1990
- Carbonia, Italy, since 2002
- Mersin, Turkey, since 2004 
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013.
- Powell, A.R. (January 9 & 10, 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Retrieved 2009-03-25.
- "LVR-Industriemuseum". Landschaftsverband Rheinland (in German). Retrieved 23 September 2010.
- "Town Twinning". Middlesbrough Council. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- "Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя" [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oberhausen.|
- Ludwiggalerie in the Castle Oberhausen (English)
- "Oberhausen". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
- "Oberhausen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.