Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd–Hamm railway

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Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd–Hamm
DB 2250 railway map.png
Route number: 423 (OB-Osterfeld Süd–Gladbeck)
450.9 (Bottrop–GE-Buer)
Line length: 77
Track gauge: 1435
Voltage: 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Maximum speed: 100
Germany: North Rhine-Westphalia
Operating points and lines[1]
Trunk line from Minden
Line from Münster
Lippe and Datteln-Hamm Canal
76.7 Hamm (Westf) Pbf
76.1 Hamm port marshalling yard (junction)
Line to Warburg
Line to Hagen
Freight line from Hamm Gallberg
1.3 73.2 Hamm (Westf) marshalling yard
Trunk line to Dortmund
Freight line to Bönen Autobahn
0.0 71.5 Herringen(junction)
70.1 PelkumRAG-Bergwerk Ost (mine) link
64.9 Rünthe(siding)
63.1 Bergkamen
57.8 Oberaden
57.0 Oberaden(old)
55.0 Horstmar(junction)
connecting line to Preußen
Lünen–Preußen line
Connecting line from Lünen Hbf
53.3 Lünen Süd
Hafenbahn Lünen
48.3 Wilbringen(halt & junction)
45.4 Waltrop
38.8 Datteln
35.1 Recklinghausen-Suderwich
0.0 31.1 Recklinghausen-Ost
Connecting line to Recklinghausen Süd
(0.7) 000 Recklinghausen-Hillen(siding)
(0.8) 000 Hillen(junction) from / to Recklinghausen Hbf
30.0 Blumenthal(junction)
Recklinghausen–Wanne-Eickel line
Line from Haltern S 9
(16.9) 00.0 Marl Lippe(junction)
Line to Recklinghausen Hbf
(13.2) 00.0 Marl-Hamm
Line of RBH Logistics
(11.4) 00.0 Marl CWH(siding)
(10.4) 00.0 Marl-Drewer(until 1998)
(9.3) 00.0 Marl-Mitte
25.3 Herten (Westf)(siding, former station)
(3.9) 00.0 Gelsenkirchen-Hassel
21.1 Westerholt(RAG siding)
(only freight to here)
(0.6) 00.0 Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord
(at grade junction)
(0.0) 17.6 Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord(station until 1998)
Gladbeck-Zweckel–GE-Buer Süd line
Connecting line from Gladbeck-Zweckel
12.5 Gladbeck West
8.1 Bottrop-Boy
6.0 Bottrop Hbf Vbf(junction)
Former line from Hugo junction (KWE)
5.6 Bottrop Hbf yard
BSicon eBHF.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg 4.5 Bottrop Hbf (formerly an "island" station)
4.1
(3.0)
Bottrop Hbf
Freight line to Oberhausen West
Freight line from Wanne-Eickel (formerly CME)
Freight line from Essen-Horl (formerly BME)
(single-track connecting line of 1922)
(1.4) Essen-Dellwig Büscherhof(siding)
Essen-Frintrop–Prosper Levin line
Former line to Essen-Frintrop
Duisburg–Dortmund line
(0.0) Essen-Dellwig Ost
Line to Essen-Borbeck S 9
3.2 Bottrop Westf Sandgräberei(siding)
Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd Swo
2.2 Bottrop-Vonderort
2.0 Oberhausen Hochstraße(crossover)
Former line to Sterkrade (KWE)
0.0 Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd
OB-Osterfeld Nord–OB West line
-0.5 Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd Ost
Line to Oberhausen West
Oberhausen Grafenbusch(junction)
Line to Oberhausen Sterkrade and Hbf
Former line to Duisburg-Ruhrort (CME)

The Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd–Hamm railway, also called the Hamm-Osterfeld line (German: Hamm-Osterfelder Bahn), is a 76-kilometre long double-track electrified main line railway at the northern edge of the Ruhr in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

It has a continuous level route with no tunnels. Its eastern and central sections are now only used for freight, while its western section is also for passenger operations.

The main operator, Deutsche Bahn (formerly Deutsche Bundesbahn), has always referred to this line as the Nordstrecke ("northern line"). It was the northernmost route of the former railway division of Essen.

History[edit]

The line was built to relieve the existing network of railways in the Ruhr region, which was at the limit of its capacity, especially for freight traffic. The line was opened on 1 May 1905. It served primarily as a direct connection between the two major marshalling yards of Hamm and Osterfeld Süd to allow long-distance freight trains to avoid the Ruhr and to enable new coal mines to be connected to the railway network. The second track was added 1912.

The passenger services were always planned to be thin, despite there being several major cities along the route, as the line was mainly intended for freight traffic. It never carried long-distance passenger services. The entire line was electrified in 1967. Passenger services on the section between Hamm and Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord were discontinued on 29 May 1983. The track is occasionally used, however, between Hamm and Horstmar junction as a detour route for passenger trains on the main Dortmund–Hamm line.

A single-track line (line 2252) was built in 1968 from Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord station to Lippe junction on the Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway and passenger services have operated on it from Bottrop since 1969.[2] Since 24 May 1998, these passenger services have operated as Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn line S 9.[3]

Route[edit]

The line begins at Hamm station and the junction of the former tracks from the passenger station and the freight tracks at the western end of Hamm marshalling yard. At Herringen junction a connecting track from Hamm marshalling yard joins from the west. Shortly afterwards is Pelkum station where the colliery railway from RAG-Bergwerk Ost ends. The line to Oberaden station consists of two main tracks with four sets of points for passing. At Horstmar junction there is a single-track line connecting to Preußen station. In Lünen Süd there is still a disused freight yard with a hump and further west a loading facility for several industrial companies and a single-track line connecting line to Lünen Hauptbahnhof.

SBB class 482 locomotive in Recklinghausen-Suderwich

Waltrop station has been completely closed. In Recklinghausen Ost there is an abandoned marshalling yard. There are single-track connecting curves from the east to Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof and Recklinghausen Süd, which were built in 1905 with the line. At Blumenthal junction, there is a single-track line from Recklinghausen Hbf to connecting with the line in the west. In Westerholt there is a transfer station to Zechen- und Hafenbahn der Ruhrkohle AG (Mines and Port Railway of Ruhr Coal Company).

At Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord station the line joins a single-track line built in 1968 running from Lippe junction to the Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg line (line 2252). The junction is designed to allow for duplication towards Haltern. The S-Bahn station at Haltern was opened in 1998 and replaced the stop at the old station building.

The Gladbeck West station today is now a junction station served by the S-Bahn and the regional services towards Dorsten on the connecting line to Gladbeck-Zweckel on the Winterswijk–Gelsenkirchen-Bismarck railway. North of the tracks is a freight loading facility with a now decommissioned hump for the Zechen- und Hafenbahn der Ruhrkohle AG.

Bottrop Hauptbahnhof has been rebuilt several times since its inception. In the area of the freight yard, the line met the Emscher Valley Railway from Welver to Sterkrade of the former Royal Westphalian Railway Company, which was opened in 1879 and was closed in this area in 1968 and was dismantled by 1983, although part of the line operated as a colliery railway. The Hauptbahnhof freight yard still contains a (now abandoned) marshalling yard and a railway sleeper plant. Near the station the single track line to Essen-Dellwig Ost and the mostly double track line via Gerschede and Essen Frintrop (old) junctions to Oberhausen West branch off. The line continues towards Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd station as a two-track freight line and a separate single-track passenger line.

At the end of the line is located Oberhausen-Osterfeld Süd station, including one of the largest railway yards of the region, whose importance for passengers is, however, marginal. In Ostkopf the line joins the Emscher Valley Railway from Dortmund to Duisburg-Ruhrort, the one built by the former Cologne-Minden Railway Company. Its western end connects over a two-track freight rail line to Oberhausen West and over a two-track freight and passenger line to Grafenbusch junction, where it connects over a single-track freight line to Oberhausen-Sterkrade via the Holland line, Oberhausen–WeselEmmerichArnhem, and a single-track passenger line (line 2272) to Oberhausen Hauptbahnhof.

Current operations[edit]

Today the following passenger services use part of the line.

Line Route
S 9 Haltern – Lippe junction – Gelsenkirchen-Buer NordBottrop HbfEssen-Dellwig OstWuppertal Hbf
RE 14 BorkenGladbeck WestBottrop – Essen-Dellwig Ost – Essen Hbf
RB 44 DorstenGladbeck WestOberhausen-Osterfeld SüdOberhausen Hbf
bold: Hamm-Osterfeld line – normal: adjacent tracks– italics: other lines

There are no longer any passenger service between Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord and Oberhausen, so passengers on this route are forced to change in Gladbeck West or Bottrop.

Rail freight on the Hamm-Osterfeld route, although declining, is still important on its entire length.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  2. ^ "Line 2252: Gelsenkirchen-Buer Nord ↔ Marl Lippe". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "S9: Haltern - Bottrop Essen - Wuppertal". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 

References[edit]

  • Günter Kraus (1986). Die Entwicklung des Gleisnetzes und der Strecken der Direktion Essen (in German). Krefeld: Röhr-Verlag. ISBN 3-88490-130-3. 
  • Christian Hübschen, Helga Kreft-Kettermann (1993). Geographisch-landeskundlicher Atlas von Westfalen. Themenbereich VII VERKEHR. Doppelblatt Eisenbahn-Güterverkehr (in German). Münster (Westf.): Aschendorff. ISBN 3-402-06196-1. 
  • Wolfgang Fiegenbaum, Wolfgang Klee (1997). Abschied von der Schiene. Stillgelegte Bahnstrecken von 1980-1990. (in German). Stuttgart: Transpress Verlag. ISBN 3-613-71073-0. 
  • Markus Meinold (October–November 2005). "Am Nordrand des Reviers ...". Eisenbahn Geschichte (in German) (Deutschen Gesellschaft für Eisenbahngeschichte (DGEG)) (12): 28–37. 

External links[edit]