Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
Country  Germany
State Flag of Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg
Confederation
Founded 1978
Number of teams 18
Level on pyramid Level 5
Promotion to Regionalliga Südwest
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s)
Current champions FC Astoria Walldorf
(2013-14)

The Oberliga Baden-Württemberg is the highest Football League in the state of Baden-Württemberg and the Baden-Württemberg football league system. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football, the fifth tier of the German football league system. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

Overview[edit]

The league was formed in 1978 as the highest level of play in the state. Previous to that, the four Amateurligas Nordwürttemberg, Schwarzwald-Bodensee, Südbaden and Nordbaden formed the tier right below the 2nd Bundesliga. The Amateurligas changed their name since into Verbandsliga. The Amateurligas Nordwürttemberg and Schwarzwald-Bodensee merged to form the Verbandsliga Württemberg. The three Verbandsliga's now feed the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg.

Since introduction of the Regionalliga Süd in 1994, the winner of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg is automatically promoted to this league, till 1994 the winners of the Oberligas had to play-off for the four promotion spots to the 2nd Bundesliga with the other Oberliga winners.

In 1994, with the introduction of the Regionalliga, five clubs from Baden-Württemberg were qualified for the new league, based on their performance over the last three seasons, these clubs being:

Originally, a sixth place for the Oberliga was available but because the Stuttgarter Kickers, a club from Württemberg, was relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga that year, the club took up this spot.

The Oberliga Baden-Württemberg still remained below the Regionalliga Süd after the reduction of the number of Regionalligas from four to two in 2000 but this reduction meant that the Oberliga champions in that year were not promoted.

With the changes in the league system in 2008, there was four clubs from the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg promoted to Regionalliga Süd after the 2007-08 season, nominally the top four teams, however, there was also financial requirements to receive a Regionalliga license. The four clubs were:

The winners of the three Verbandsligas gain automatic promotion to the Oberliga. The runners-up of Nordbaden then plays the runners-up of Südbaden in a home-and-away series. The winner of this games faces the runners-up of Württemberg for the final Oberliga spot.

Feeder Leagues to the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg

In the past two clubs which played in the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg weren't actually based in the state. Amicitia Viernheim (Hessen) and SpVgg Au/Iller (Bayern) both were in the Oberliga for a number of years.

The separation of Nordbaden and Südbaden is not traditional. It results from the end of World War II when Nordbaden was in the American occupation zone and Südbaden in the French. Inter zone travel was difficult then and two separate leagues developed. Until 1950 the clubs from the Südbaden and the Schwarzwald-Bodensee regions actually played in the southwest league system, the old (1945–1963) Oberliga Südwest, only after that were they integrated into the southern league system, where they geographically belonged.

From 2012 onwards, the league became a feeder league to the new Regionalliga Südwest, together with the Hessenliga and the Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz/Saar. The previous league the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg was set below at, the Regionalliga Süd, was disbanded after the 2011-12 season.[1]

League champions[edit]

The league champions since 1979:

Season Club
1978-79 SSV Ulm 1846
1979-80 VfB Stuttgart II
1980-81 SV Sandhausen
1981-82 SSV Ulm 1846
1982-83 SSV Ulm 1846
1983-84 Freiburger FC
1984-85 SV Sandhausen
1985-86 SSV Ulm 1846
1986-87 SV Sandhausen
1987-88 FV 09 Weinheim
1988-89 SSV Reutlingen
1989-90 Karlsruher SC II
1990-91 1. FC Pforzheim
1991-92 SSV Reutlingen
1992-93 SSV Ulm 1846
1993-94 SSV Ulm 1846
1994-95 SV Sandhausen
1995-96 Karlsruher SC II
Season Club
1996-97 VfL Kirchheim/Teck
1997-98 VfB Stuttgart II
1998-99 VfR Aalen
1999–2000 SV Sandhausen
2000-01 TSG 1899 Hoffenheim
2001-02 SC Pfullendorf
2002-03 VfB Stuttgart II
2003-04 FC Nöttingen
2004-05 Karlsruher SC II
2005-06 SSV Reutlingen
2006-07 SV Sandhausen
2007-08 SC Freiburg II
2008-09 SG Sonnenhof Großaspach
2009-10 1899 Hoffenheim II
2010-11 Waldhof Mannheim
2011-12 SSV Ulm 1846
2012-13 SpVgg Neckarelz
2013-14 FC Astoria Walldorf

Source:"Oberliga B/W". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 

  • In 2014 third placed FC Nöttingen was also promoted after play-offs.

Founding Members of the league[edit]

The Oberliga started in 1978 with 20 clubs from four regions.

League placings[edit]

The complete list of clubs and placings in the league while operating as the tier five Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and feeding the Regionalliga Südwest (2012–Present):

Club 13 14 15 16
SpVgg Neckarelz 1 R R
FC Astoria Walldorf 2 1 R
FC Nöttingen 4 3 R
SC Pfullendorf R R x
SSV Ulm 1846 R R x
SGV Freiberg 5 4 x
Karlsruher SC II 12 5 x
FC 08 Villingen 11 6 x
SSV Reutlingen 7 7 x
FSV Hollenbach 9 8 x
FV Ravensburg 9 x
Stuttgarter Kickers II 14 10 x
Kehler FV 8 11 x
TSG Balingen 10 13 x
Bahlinger SC 6 14 x
VfR Mannheim 3 15 x
SV Spielberg 15 16 x
Freiburger FC x
VfR Aalen II x
SV Kickers Pforzheim x
FC Germania Friedrichstal x
TSV Grunbach 13 2
1. FC Heidenheim II 12
1. FC Bruchsal 17
SV Oberachern 18
Offenburger FV 16
FSV 08 Bissingen 17
FC Singen 04 18

Key[edit]

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
3L 3. Liga
R Regionalliga Süd (1994–2012)
Regionalliga Südwest (2012–present)
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

References[edit]

  1. ^ DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen (German) DFB website, published: 22 October 2010, accessed: 16 July 2011

Sources[edit]

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]