Oberliga Berlin (1945–63)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oberliga Berlin
Map of Germany: Oberliga Berlin highlighted
Country  Germany
State Berlin Berlin
Founded 1945
Folded 1963 (18 seasons)
Replaced by Bundesliga
Level on pyramid Level 1
Relegation to Amateurliga Berlin
Domestic cup(s) Berlin Cup
Last champions Hertha BSC Berlin
(1962-63)

The Oberliga Berlin (English: Premier league Berlin) was the highest level of the German football league system in the city of West-Berlin in Germany from 1945 until the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963. It was by far the smallest of the five Oberligas.

Overview[edit]

The league was created in 1945, incorporating clubs from all four sectors of the allied-occupied Berlin. It replaced the Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg as the highest league in the region. In its first year, it was staged in four groups with the winner of each group taking part in a finals tournament. In 1946, three clubs from each of those four groups went to form the single-division, twelve team, Oberliga Berlin. Alongside the Oberliga Berlin, four other Oberligas were formed in Germany in those years:

The clubs in Berlin were originally not permitted to carry their pre-war names and had to be simply named after the suburb they represented. This rule was slowly lifted in the three western sectors and by 1948, clubs in what was to become West-Berlin carried their original names again. In the Soviet sector, the future East Berlin, clubs took up names in accordance with the requirements of the new communist regime.

With the reintroduction of the German championship in 1948, the winner of the Oberliga Berlin went on to the finals tournament with the other Oberliga champions. Being the smallest of the five Oberligas it is not surprising that no club from Berlin won a German championship in these years or even reached the final.

After the 1949-50 season, the clubs from East Berlin left the unified Berlin league system and joined the East German leagues instead. Union Oberschöneweide, qualified for the German championship finals in 1950, was not permitted to participate in this tournament either. The Oberliga Berlin carried on with clubs from West-Berlin only.

Below the Oberliga Berlin ranked the Amateurliga Berlin as a second tier. Originally staged in a varying number of groups, it became a single-group competition from 1950.

In 1963, after 18 seasons, the Oberliga Berlin was disbanded in favor of the new Bundesliga. The champion of the 1962-63 season, Hertha BSC Berlin, was admitted to the new Bundesliga.

The four sectors of Allied occupation in Berlin

Reforming of the Oberliga Berlin[edit]

In 1974, with the disbanding of the Regionalliga Berlin, the Oberliga Berlin was re-created, but now as the third tier of German football. This was however not the formation of a new league but rather the renaming of the Amateurliga Berlin to Oberliga Berlin.

Founding members of the Oberliga Berlin[edit]

The following clubs took part in the first proper season of the Oberliga in 1946-47. The names in brackets are the ones they carried in this season:

Disbanding of the Oberliga[edit]

With the introduction of the new Bundesliga, the Oberligas were disbanded. The top team of the Oberliga Berlin was admitted to the Bundesliga, the clubs placed second to eight went to the Regionalliga Berlin, one of the five new second divisions. The bottom two teams were relegated to the Amateurliga Berlin while the top three from the Amateurliga were promoted.

Admitted to Bundesliga:

The following teams from the Oberliga went to the new Regionalliga:

Relegated to the Amateurliga:

Qualifying to the Bundesliga[edit]

The qualifying system for the new league was fairly complex. The league placings of the clubs playing in the Oberligen for the last ten seasons were taken into consideration, whereby results from 1952 to 1955 counted once, results from 1955 to 1959 counted double and results from 1959 to 1963 triple. A first place finish was awarded 16 points, a sixteenth place one point. Appearances in the German championship or DFB-Pokal finals were also rewarded with points. The five Oberliga champions of the 1962-63 season were granted direct access to the Bundesliga. All up, 46 clubs applied for the 16 available Bundesliga slots.

Following this system, by 11 January 1963, the DFB announced nine fixed clubs for the new league and reduced the clubs eligible for the remaining seven places to 20. Clubs within the same Oberliga that were separated by less than 50 points were considered on equal rank and the 1962-63 placing was used to determined the qualified team.[1]

From this league, only three clubs applied for the one available spot, Hertha BSC Berlin qualified early.

Points table:

Rank Club Points 1952 to 1963 Place in 1962–63
1 Hertha BSC Berlin 1 346 1
2 Tasmania 1900 Berlin 3 324 2
3 Viktoria 89 Berlin 3 318 9
  • Source: DSFS Liga-Chronik (German), page: B 12, accessed: 4 November 2008
  • Bold denotes club qualified for the new Bundesliga.
  • 1 denotes club was one of the nine selected on 11 January 1963.
  • 2 denotes club was one of the 20 taken into final selection.
  • 3 denotes club was one of the 15 applicants which were removed from final selection.
  • 4 denotes club withdrew Bundesliga application.

Winners and runners-up of the Oberliga Berlin[edit]

Season Winner Runner-Up
1945-46 BSV 1892 Berlin Alemannia 90 Berlin
1946-47 Tennis Borussia Berlin BSV 1892 Berlin
1947-48 Union 06 Oberschöneweide BSV 1892 Berlin
1948-49 BSV 1892 Berlin Tennis Borussia Berlin
1949-50 Tennis Borussia Berlin Union 06 Oberschöneweide
1950-51 Tennis Borussia Berlin Union 06 Berlin
1951-52 Tennis Borussia Berlin Union 06 Berlin
1952-53 Union 06 Berlin Spandauer SV
1953-54 BSV 1892 Berlin Minerva 93 Berlin
1954-55 Viktoria 89 Berlin Tennis Borussia Berlin
1955-56 Viktoria 89 Berlin Minerva 93 Berlin
1956-57 Hertha BSC Berlin Tennis Borussia Berlin
1957-58 Tennis Borussia Berlin Viktoria 89 Berlin
1958-59 Tasmania 1900 Berlin Spandauer SV
1959-60 Tasmania 1900 Berlin Hertha BSC Berlin
1960-61 Hertha BSC Berlin Tasmania 1900 Berlin
1961-62 Tasmania 1900 Berlin Hertha BSC Berlin
1962-63 Hertha BSC Berlin Tasmania 1900 Berlin
  • Union 06 Oberschöneweide, a club from East Berlin, left the unified league in 1950. Its players moved to West Berlin and formed Union 06 Berlin.

Placings & overall table of the Oberliga Berlin 1946 to 1963[edit]

Club 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 S G GF GA Points
Tennis Borussia Berlin 1 3 2 1 1 1 3 6 2 7 2 1 7 6 3 3 3 17 434 1038 599 561
BSV 1892 Berlin 2 2 1 3 4 8 5 1 3 3 8 4 8 4 8 5 8 17 421 833 678 483
Spandauer SV 6 11 6 6 2 4 6 4 7 3 2 3 4 4 4 15 374 736 586 427
Viktoria 89 Berlin 12 5 9 7 3 4 7 1 1 4 2 4 7 6 9 9 16 408 811 773 412
Hertha BSC Berlin 10 3 4 13 7 10 1 6 3 2 1 2 1 13 345 760 570 404
Tasmania 1900 Berlin 7 8 12 9 6 5 1 1 2 1 2 11 299 565 406 359
Wacker 04 Berlin 3 5 6 5 11 9 9 9 8 12 10 10 5 5 8 6 16 396 677 775 352
Union 06 Berlin 2 2 1 3 5 6 3 9 9 11 10 11 283 533 529 295
Alemannia 90 Berlin 4 4 4 4 5 5 7 5 9 11 12 11 252 508 465 265
Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin 6 11 12 7 6 10 10 5 5 8 5 9 12 293 451 569 263
BFC Südring 9 7 8 6 14 11 11 11 11 7 6 7 12 296 443 671 218
Minerva 93 Berlin 9 9 11 8 2 4 2 10 11 9 208 349 408 200
Hertha Zehlendorf 11 8 9 7 6 8 9 7 9 9 232 346 425 196
BFC Nordstern 07 7 12 10 10 8 12 6 138 216 351 101
Union Oberschöneweide * 1 3 2 3 67 189 87 98
VfB Pankow * 8 7 8 3 66 92 133 56
Köpenicker SC * 8 9 10 3 66 114 140 53
SC Staaken 5 10 2 44 80 148 33
VfB Britz 11 13 2 48 61 114 30
SV Lichtenberg 47 * 10 12 2 44 63 106 28
SC Westend 01 10 13 2 52 65 126 28
Kickers 1900 Berlin 12 10 2 49 47 131 24
Rapide Wedding 12 12 2 55 60 148 21
Norden-Nordwest Berlin 10 1 30 41 73 20
SC Tegel 10 1 27 39 85 15
SG Stadtmitte 11 1 22 34 61 13
VfL Nord 12 14 2 48 47 167 13
SSC Südwest 12 1 24 32 64 12

Source: "Oberliga Berlin". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 

Source: "All-time table of the Oberligas". Clas Glenning. Archived from the original on 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 

  • Table includes results from the finals rounds of the German championship.
  • * denotes clubs based in East Berlin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ DSFS Ligachronik: Qualifikation zur Bundesliga 1963 (German), page: B 11 - 12, publisher: Deutscher Sportclub für Fussballstatistik - DSFS, accessed: 3 November 2008

Sources[edit]

  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]