Obernai

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Obernai
Place du marché
Place du marché
Obernai is located in France
Obernai
Obernai
Coordinates: 48°28′N 7°29′E / 48.46°N 7.48°E / 48.46; 7.48Coordinates: 48°28′N 7°29′E / 48.46°N 7.48°E / 48.46; 7.48
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Sélestat-Erstein
Canton Obernai
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Bernard Fischer
Area
 • Land1 25.78 km2 (9.95 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 11,009
 • Population2 density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67348 / 67210
Elevation 156–572 m (512–1,877 ft)
(avg. 185 m or 607 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Imperial City of Obernai
Reichstàdt Owernah (gsw)
Reichsstadt Oberehnheim (de)
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire

ca 1283–1648


Coat of arms

Capital Obernai
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Founded 778
 -  Gained town rights 1240 the 13th century
 -  Gained Reichsfreiheit ca 1283
 -  Joined Décapole 1354
 -  Lost Reichsfreiheit 1648
 -  Annexed by France 1679

Obernai (French: Obernai; Alsatian: Owernah; German: Oberehnheim) commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France. It lies on the eastern slopes of the Vosges mountains.

Obernai is a rapidly growing city, its number of inhabitants having gone up from 6,304 in 1968 to 11,099 in 2006.[1] The metropolitan area of Obernai had 12,369 inhabitants in 2006, from 7,293 in 1968.[2]

History[edit]

The Obernai region, which was the property of the dukes of Alsace in the 7th century, is the birthplace of St. Odile, daughter of the Duke, who would become the Patron Saint of Alsace.

The Obernai name first appears in 1240, when the village acquires the status of town under the tutelage of the Hohenstaufen family. The town then prospered. It became a member of the Décapole in 1354, an alliance of ten towns of the Holy Roman Empire in Alsace. Obernai's status reaches its apex in the 15th and 16th century. In 1562, Emperor Ferdinand I visited the prosperous town of Obernai.

The Thirty Years' War (1618–48) damaged the town, which was occupied by the Imperial troops then by the Swedes. The town was ransomed and ceded to France in 1679, and started to recover some of its prosperity, without totally recapturing its former glory.

The town was annexed by Germany in 1871 with the rest of Alsace then was returned to France after World War I in 1918.

Economy[edit]

Obernai is an important center of wine and beer production as well as a touristic destination. The industrial activity features the following companies: Hager, Kronenbourg, Triumph, Sobovia, Supra and Stoeffler. The historical wine of the city is called the Vin du Pistolet in reference to a local legend.

Sights[edit]

  • domain of the Léonardsau (19th century – early 20th century): current museum of the horse and the horse carriage.
  • Truttenhausen abbey (in ruin): old monastery of the regular canons of St-Augustin (15th century).
  • Gail Castle (1826–27): Currently the Freppel High School
  • Oberkirch Castle: rebuilt between 1843 and 1846 with the characteristics of an older fortified castle of the 16th or 17th century.
  • El Biar Castle: Built between 1864 and 1865 on the site of an old flour mill, by General de Vives (1802, 1884); it is named after a residential section of Algiers.
  • Old six-bucket well (1579)
  • Clocktower (Kappelturm)
  • Wheat Market (Halle aux Blés)
  • Romanesque house in the rue des Pélerins
  • Old Synagogue [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Obernai at Wikimedia Commons

Texts on Wikisource:

    • Obernai (listed as Ehenheim) in the Topographia Alsatiae (Elsass)