Oberspreewald-Lausitz

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Oberspreewald-Lausitz
District
Brandenburg osl.png
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Senftenberg
Area
 • Total 1,216.6 km2 (469.7 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 115,212
 • Density 95/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration OSL, CA, SFB
Website http://www.osl-online.de

Oberspreewald-Lausitz is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Dahme-Spreewald, Spree-Neiße, the districts Kamenz and Riesa-Großenhain in Saxony, and the district Elbe-Elster.

Geography[edit]

The Spree river runs through the district; along its banks there is the Spreewald, a wooded area and habitat of several rare animals. The district is part of the historic region of Lusatia.

History[edit]

The district was formed in 1993 by merging the previous districts Calau and Senftenberg and small part of the district Bad Liebenwerda.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Oberspreewald-Lausitz:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 58 860
1890 69 525
1910 109 357
1925 128 487
1933 133 248
1939 139 774
1946 164 609
1950 165 790
1964 181 923
1971 185 312
Year Population
1981 175 957
1985 171 995
1989 169 687
1990 166 351
1991 161 229
1992 161 124
1993 159 828
1994 158 537
1995 156 758
1996 155 024
Year Population
1997 152 924
1998 150 414
1999 148 124
2000 145 110
2001 141 959
2002 139 062
2003 136 251
2004 134 025
2005 132 032
2006 129 518
Year Population
2007 127 278
2008 125 216
2009 123 426
2010 121 679
2011 116 898
2012 115 212

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows a red bull as the symbol of the Lower Lusatia region, representing the former district Calau. The city wall in the bottom part is an old symbol of the Upper Lusatia region, and also represents the former district Senftenberg. The shield with a lion is the symbol of the county of Meißen, representing the municipalities of the former district Bad Liebenwerda which were included into the district.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Calau
  2. Großräschen
  3. Lauchhammer
  4. Lübbenau
  5. Schwarzheide
  6. Senftenberg
  7. Vetschau


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Schipkau

1. Altdöbern

  1. Altdöbern1
  2. Bronkow
  3. Luckaitztal
  4. Neupetershain
  5. Neu-Seeland

2. Ortrand

  1. Frauendorf
  2. Großkmehlen
  3. Kroppen
  4. Lindenau
  5. Ortrand1, 2
  6. Tettau

3. Ruhland

  1. Grünewald
  2. Guteborn
  3. Hermsdorf
  4. Hohenbocka
  5. Ruhland1, 2
  6. Schwarzbach
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Oberspreewald-Lausitz at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°35′N 14°0′E / 51.583°N 14.000°E / 51.583; 14.000