Oberstammheim

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Oberstammheim
2011-09-10-Vinlando (Foto Dietrich Michael Weidmann) 364.JPG
Coat of arms of Oberstammheim
Coat of arms
Oberstammheim is located in Switzerland
Oberstammheim
Oberstammheim
Coordinates: 47°38′N 8°48′E / 47.633°N 8.800°E / 47.633; 8.800Coordinates: 47°38′N 8°48′E / 47.633°N 8.800°E / 47.633; 8.800
Country Switzerland
Canton Zurich
District Andelfingen
Area[1]
 • Total 9.42 km2 (3.64 sq mi)
Elevation 440 m (1,440 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 1,142
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Postal code 8477
SFOS number 0036
Surrounded by Hüttwilen (TG), Neunforn (TG), Unterstammheim, Wagenhausen (TG), Waltalingen
Website www.oberstammheim.ch
SFSO statistics

Oberstammheim is a municipality in the district of Andelfingen in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland.

History[edit]

In 2009, archaeologists announced the discovery of an Iron Age (late Hallstatt or early La Tène) tumulus burial, apparently of a Celtic nobleman. While there are comparable finds in Germany, the site is unique in Switzerland.[3]

Oberstammheim is first mentioned in 761 as Stamhaim. In 1212 it was mentioned as in Stamehein superiori.[4]

Geography[edit]

Oberstammheim has an area of 9.4 km2 (3.6 sq mi). Of this area, 54.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 36.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located in the Züricher Weinland on the border with the canton of Thurgau on the southern slope of the Stammerberg. It includes the village of Oberstammheim and the Zürich part of the hamlet of Wilen bei Neunforn. For a short time (1853–86) Wilen bei Neunforn, together with the Thurgau section of the hamlet, was an independent municipality.

Demographics[edit]

Oberstammheim has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 1,142.[2] As of 2007, 5.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.2%), with French being second most common ( 0.7%) and Italian being third ( 0.7%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 41.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (16.2%), the SPS (14%) and the Green Party (10.9%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 28.6% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 53.5% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 18%. In Oberstammheim about 85% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Oberstammheim has an unemployment rate of 0.68%. As of 2005, there were 93 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 34 businesses involved in this sector. 56 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 13 businesses in this sector. 213 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 34 businesses in this sector.[5] The historical population is given in the following table:[4]

year population
1467 44 Households
1637 359
1663 577
1695 529
1746 587
1850 989
1900 818
1950 758
2000 1,064

Transport[edit]

Stammheim railway station, situated in the neighbouring municipality of Unterstammheim, is served by Zurich S-Bahn line S29, which links Winterthur and Stein am Rhein.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  3. ^ Fürstengrab in Oberstammheim gefunden NZZ 21 August 2009.
  4. ^ a b Oberstammheim in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 28-Jul-2009
  6. ^ map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  7. ^ "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats". ZVV. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 

External links[edit]