Obertilliach

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Obertilliach
St Ulrich parish church
St Ulrich parish church
Coat of arms of Obertilliach
Coat of arms
Obertilliach is located in Austria
Obertilliach
Obertilliach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°42′31″N 12°36′58″E / 46.70861°N 12.61611°E / 46.70861; 12.61611Coordinates: 46°42′31″N 12°36′58″E / 46.70861°N 12.61611°E / 46.70861; 12.61611
Country Austria
State Tyrol
District Lienz
Government
 • Mayor Matthias Scherer (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 65.13 km2 (25.15 sq mi)
Elevation 1,450 m (4,760 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 693
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9942
Area code 04847
Vehicle registration LZ
Website www.obertilliach.gv.at

Obertilliach is a municipality in the district of Lienz, in the Austrian state of Tyrol.

Geography[edit]

Tilliach Valley, view from Carnic Alps

It is located in East Tyrol, in a high valley of the upper Gail River east of the Kartitsch Saddle, between the Gailtal Alps (Lienz Dolomites) in the north and the Carnic Alps in the south. Down the valley to the east lies the neighbouring municipality of Untertilliach, the mountain crest in the south marks the border with the Venetian Cadore region in Italy.

The municipal area comprises Obertilliach proper around the St Ulrich parish church and the small villages of Bergen, Leiten, and Rodarm. Compared to the nearby Puster Valley west of the Kartitsch Saddle, a more Alpine climate prevails in the high up region with harsh winters but plenty of sunshine. Originally an agricultural area, Obertilliach today largely depends on tourism and is a popular destination for biathletes and cross-country skiers as well as for hikers, mountaineers and paragliders in summer.

History[edit]

Bavarian settlement of the area is first mentioned in the late 11th century. In early medieval times, the slopes to the south were used by Italian peasants from Cadore to pasture their livestock. In the eighth century, Duke Tassilo III of Bavaria ceded the upper Gail Valley to the Benedictine monks of Innichen Abbey. The Tilliach area was acquired by the Prince-bishops of Brixen in about 1075.

From about 1100, the Bavarian House of Gorizia (Görz) residing at Lienz, nominally vassals of the Brixen bishops, consolidated their rule over the Tilliach region, contested by both the Prince-bishops of Salzburg and the Sponheim dukes of Carinthia in the east. When the last of the Counts of Gorizia died in 1500, their estates around Lienz fell to the Habsburg emperor Maximilian I and were incorporated into the County of Tyrol.

Longtime quarrels with the Republic of Venice were settled when the border with the Venetian Domini di Terraferma was established along the Carnic mountain crest. The Prince-Bishops of Brixen insisted upon their feudal rights in the Tilliach valley until the secularisation of the diocese in 1803; however, they were not able to effectively control the remote region. The present-day municipality was established in 1852.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 803 —    
1880 768 −4.4%
1890 727 −5.3%
1900 709 −2.5%
1910 639 −9.9%
1923 595 −6.9%
1934 682 +14.6%
1939 676 −0.9%
1951 759 +12.3%
1961 807 +6.3%
1971 822 +1.9%
1981 824 +0.2%
1991 783 −5.0%
2001 796 +1.7%
2012 712 −10.6%

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat):

References[edit]

External links[edit]