Obesity in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
States and union
territories of India

ordered by
Flag of India.svg
Population
Highest point
GDP
HDI
Tax revenues
Number of voters
Abbreviations
Natural growth rate
Sex ratio
Vaccination coverage
Literacy rate
Electricity usage
Capitals
Media exposure
Origin of name
HIV awareness
Household size
Home ownership
Underweight people
Places of worship
TV ownership
Transport network
Power capacity
Institutional delivery
Life expectancy at birth
Area

Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in India in the 21st century, with morbid obesity affecting 5% of the country's population.[1] India is following a trend of other developing countries that are steadily becoming more obese. Unhealthy, processed food has become much more accessible following India's continued integration in global food markets. While studying 22 different SNPs near to MC4R gene, scientists have identified a SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) named rs12970134 to be mostly associated with waist circumference.[2]

NFHS data[edit]

This is a list of the states of India ranked in order of percentage of people who are overweight or obese, based on data from the 2007 National Family Health Survey.[3]

States Males (%) Males rank Females (%) Females rank
India 12.1 14 16 15
Punjab 30.3 1 37.5 1
Kerala 24.3 2 34 2
Goa 20.8 3 27 3
Tamil Nadu 19.8 4 24.4 4
Andhra Pradesh 17.6 5 22.7 10
Sikkim 17.3 6 21 8
Mizoram 16.9 7 20.3 17
Himachal Pradesh 16 8 19.5 12
Maharashtra 15.9 9 18.1 13
Gujarat 15.4 10 17.7 7
Haryana 14.4 11 17.6 6
Karnataka 14 12 17.3 9
Manipur 13.4 13 17.1 11
Uttarakhand 11.4 15 14.8 14
Arunachal Pradesh 10.6 16 12.5 19
Uttar Pradesh 9.9 17 12 18
Jammu and Kashmir 8.7 18 11.1 5
Bihar 8.5 19 10.5 29
Nagaland 8.4 20 10.2 22
Rajasthan 8.4 20 9 20
Meghalaya 8.2 22 8.9 26
Orissa 6.9 23 8.6 25
Assam 6.7 24 7.8 21
Chattisgarh 6.5 25 7.6 27
West Bengal 6.1 26 7.1 16
Madhya Pradesh 5.4 27 6.7 23
Jharkhand 5.3 28 5.9 28
Tripura 5.2 29 5.3 24

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India facing obesity epidemic: experts". The Hindu. 2007-10-12. 
  2. ^ Genetic basis for weight gain
  3. ^ National Family Health Survey, 2005-06. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences. 2007. 

Further reading[edit]