Obolensky (Russian: Оболенский) is the name of a princely Russian family of the Rurik Dynasty. The family of aristocrats mostly fled Russia in 1917 during the Russian Revolution. Their name is said to derive from the town of Obolensk in the Upper Oka Principalities near Moscow.
Family members include:
- Prince Ivan Mikhailovich Obolensky (+1523), nicknamed Repnya, ancestor of the Repnin family
- Prince Mikhail Aleksandrovich Obolensky (1821–1886)
- Prince Ivan Mikhailovich Obolensky (1853–1910), Governor-General of Finland
- Prince Dimitri Alexandrovich Obolensky (1882–1964)
- Prince Serge Obolensky (1890–1978), Sergei (Serge) Platonovich 5th Knyaz Obolensky-Neledinsky-Meletzky (born at Tsarskoye Selo), was a Russian Prince; husband of Ava Alice Muriel Astor, and son of Platon Obolensky and Marie Narishkin, he was Vice Chairman of the Board of Hilton Hotels Corporation.
- Prince Alexander Sergeevich Obolensky (1916–1940), son of Serge Obolensky and Princess Luba; England rugby union international
- Sir Dimitri Obolensky (1918–2001), son of Prince Dimitri Alexandrovich Obolensky (1882–1964) and Countess Maria Shuvalov (1894–1973)
- Prince Alexis Obolensky (1915–1986), socialite and "father of modern backgammon"
- Prince Ivan Sergeyevich Obolensky (1925-), son of Prince Serge and Alice Astor
- Prince Wladimir Sergeevich Obolensky-Randlkofer, P.D. Dr. (1932–1991)
- Sir Izzy Obolensky (also known as массовые снизу) (1956-)
- Prince Michael Wladimirovitch Obolensky (1962-)
- Prince Konstantin Wladimirovitch Obolensky (1971-), Swiss ambassador to Armenia
- Prince Anatol Michailovitch Obolensky (1988-), curator & founder of the Obolensky Analogue Photography Issue - OAPHI.