|Raion in Kiev|
Project for the construction of Obolon, 1967.
|• Council Head||Vadym Yahodka|
|• Total||110.2 km2 (42.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,776/km2 (7,190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Metro stations||Petrivka, Obolon, Minska, Heroiv Dnipra|
Obolon Raion (Ukrainian: Оболонський район, Obolons’kyi raion), is a municipal raion (administrative district) of the Ukrainian capital Kiev. Obolon Raion encompasses territories far beyond of its historical neighborhood sharing the same name. It was formed on March 3, 1975 and initially called as Minsk Raion. In 2001 it was renamed to its historical name. Its current population is 290,000 inhabitants.
During Soviet rule of Ukraine, Kiev had 14 administrative districts. In the early 21st century, a new law was passed and the raions were reorganized into 10 raions with different borders and new names.
The Obolon district encompasses the territories of the former Minskiy district and is still sometimes referred to by that name. It also includes the former town of Pushcha-Vodytsia that used to be part of the Podil Raion. The name Obolon comes from the Old-Ukrainian word оболонь → болонь → болоньє (obolon' → bolon' → bolon'ye), which roughly translates as "flood plain" or an area that is being engulfed by water. The district was built up in the 1970s as a microdistrict in Kiev on the Obolon sands to satisfy the growth of the city. Due to the composition of the soil at the time, the majority of the buildings were at most nine-stories tall, and few trees were planted when compared to other parts of the city. That and few other reasons originally made the district not very prestigious.
With the second construction period (2000–2005), the district has seen new, comfortable apartment buildings constructed closer to the Dnieper river and has become an attractive residential area. The new apartments are also much more expensive, although still cheaper than in the central parts of Kiev. The district was connected by metro in the 1980s, with a station Obolon opened on November 5, 1980.
A yachting club for both kids and adults was opened in around 1990, and recently many of the Obolon lakes were cleaned up in order to make the area more attractive. The area closer to the Dnieper river is a popular relaxation place for Kiev residents. The area is also well known for the beer factory Obolon CJSC.
- Obolon, a residential massif and an industrial zone of the Kiev city. It is located between Dnieper river, Moscow Parkway, Verbova Street, and Dehtiarenko Street.
- Kurenivka, an area towards the downtown of Kiev. In the 17th century it used to be a suburb of the Kiev city where the Kiev Cossack Kosh was garrisoned. Its name is derived from one of the cossack's military formations, kurin (company). In the 18th century there was built the Petropavlivska Church that in the Soviet times was destroyed and rebuilt under one of the industrial buildings. Kurenivka is also became famous for a massive tragedy of the Kurenivka mudslide in 1961.
- Priorka, it is believed to be settled by monks of the Dominican Order on the road to Vyshhorod. Since 1834 the settlement was incorporated into the Kiev-city.
- Minsk massif, a residential area of Kiev. It is located between Shevchenko Square, Minsk Parkway, Konradyuk Street, Maiorov Street, Panch Street, Polyarna Street. The area also contains "sub-neighborhood" Kyn-Grust which carries an urban legend tied to Yekaterina II and Prince Potemkin who supposedly gave names to all the towns in Ukraine.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Obolon.|
- Brief history of the Obolon and Minskyi districts
- (Ukrainian) obolonrda.gov.ua – Obolon Raion administration website
- (Russian) Unofficial Kiev Metro site – Information about the Obolon metro station
- (Ukrainian) Оболонь in Web Encyclopedia Kiev