Observation deck

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For other uses, see Deck.
Main article: Deck (building)
Observation deck at Our Lady of Lebanon shrine overlooking Jounieh, Beirut, and the Mediterranean
The 10 m observation deck of Ronda, Spain, overlooks the Depression of Ronda plain over 100 m below.
A multi-level tree house in Cape Town, South Africa, with an observation deck on top
A observation deck place in Rokko Garden Terrace, Mount Rokko, Kobe, Japan
Observation deck in West Berlin with a view of Potsdamer Platz on the other side of the Berlin Wall, 1977. At the bottom of the steps a placard shows what the square looked like in 1929.

An observation deck, observation platform or viewing platform is an elevated sightseeing platform usually situated upon a tall architectural structure such as a skyscraper or observation tower. Fitted with railings or fencing for safety, observation decks are sometimes enclosed from weather, as many skyscraper decks, and may include coin operated telescopes for viewing distant features.

List of public observation decks[edit]

Notable public observation decks include the following:

List of public observation decks
Name Built Type Location (sorts by nation) Deck ht (m) Total ht(m) Notes
1 Canton Tower 2011 Steel Tower ChinaGuangzhou 488 600 The outdoor rooftop observation deck opened in December 2011. The highest indoor deck is at 448.8 m or 1472 ft.
2 Shanghai World Financial Center 2008 Skyscraper ChinaShanghai 474[1] 492.3 100th floor, decks also on levels 94 & 97
3 Burj Khalifa 2010 Skyscraper United Arab EmiratesDubai 452.1[2] 829.8 124th floor, outdoor
4 Tokyo Skytree 2012 Steel Tower JapanTokyo 451.2 634 Three additional observation decks at 340 m, 345 m, and 350 m
5 CN Tower 1976 Concrete tower CanadaToronto 446.7 553.3 Two additional observation decks at 342 m (outdoor) & 346 m (indoor).
6 Sears Tower (since renamed Willis Tower) 1974 Skyscraper United StatesChicago 412.7 527.3 103rd floor
7 Sky100, International Commerce Centre 2011 Skyscraper Hong KongHong Kong 393 484 100th floor 360 degree indoor observatory, it is the highest observation deck in Hong Kong.
8 Taipei 101 2004 Skyscraper TaiwanTaipei 391.6 509.2 91st floor's outdoor observatory, it's the previous record of highest outdoor observatory in the world. The 89th floor indoor observatory is 383.2 metres (1,257 ft).
9 Petronas Towers 1998 Skyscraper MalaysiaKuala Lumpur 370 452.9 Observatory on 86th floor of tower 2, in addition there is the skybridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors at 170 meters.
10 Empire State Building 1931 Skyscraper United StatesNew York City 369[3] 448.7 102nd floor, additional 86th floor deck (320 m)
11 Oriental Pearl Tower 1994 Concrete tower ChinaShanghai 350 467.9 14th floor[clarification needed]
12 Jin Mao Tower 1998 Skyscraper ChinaShanghai 340.1 421.5
13 Ostankino Tower 1967 Concrete tower RussiaMoscow 340 540.1 Indoor deck is at 337 m
14 John Hancock Center 1969 Skyscraper United StatesChicago 313.8 343.5 Observation deck on the 94th floor, also an outside screened in area on same floor. 45 second elevator ride.
15 Royal Gorge Bridge 1929 Bridge United StatesColorado 291 321 spans Grand Canyon of the Arkansas River
16 Grande Dixence Dam 1964 Dam SwitzerlandValais 285 285
17 Eureka Tower 2007 Skyscraper AustraliaMelbourne 285 297.3 Skydeck 88 is at a height of 285 m
18 1-Altitude Gallery, OUB Centre 2010 Skyscraper SingaporeSingapore 280 280 Rooftop gallery opened in 2010 as a part of 1-Altitude establishment
19 Eiffel Tower 1889 Steel truss tower FranceParis 276.1 324 3rd floor
20 Menara Kuala Lumpur 1996 Concrete tower MalaysiaKuala Lumpur 276 421
21 Columbia Center 1985 Skyscraper United StatesSeattle 275 284 73rd floor
22 Yokohama Landmark 1993 Skyscraper JapanYokohama 273 296 69th floor
23 Millau Viaduct 2004 Bridge FranceMillau 270 343 270 m clearance[clarification needed]
24 JPMorgan Chase Tower 1982 Skyscraper United StatesHouston 268.2 305.4 60th floor
25 Sydney Tower 1981 Steel Tower AustraliaSydney 268 309
26 Stratosphere Tower 1996 Concrete tower United StatesLas Vegas 266 350.2 9th floor
27 Vajont Dam 1961 Dam ItalyErto e Casso 261.6 261.6 "disused"[specify]
28 GE Building 1933 Skyscraper United StatesNew York City 259.1 259.1 70th floor ("Top of the Rock")
29 Tianjin Tower 1991 Concrete tower ChinaTianjin 257 415.2 "observation pod"
30 Mauvoisin Dam 1957 Dam SwitzerlandBagnes 250 250 raised 13.5 m in 1991[clarification needed]
31 Tokyo Tower 1958 Steel truss tower JapanTokyo 249.9 332.6 6th floor
32 The Shard 2013 Skyscraper United KingdomLondon 244.8 306 72nd floor Observatory Deck
33 Central Radio & TV Tower 1992 Concrete tower ChinaBeijing 238 405
34 Istanbul Sapphire 2011 Skyscraper TurkeyIstanbul 236 261 56th Floor open roof
35 Federation Tower (Tower West) 2008 Skyscraper RussiaMoscow 235[4] 252 62nd Floor
36 Q1 2005 Skyscraper AustraliaGold Coast 230 323 77th floor (SkyPoint), with the function hall on the 78th[specify]
37 Luzzone Dam 1963 Dam SwitzerlandBlenio 225 225
38 Rialto Towers 1986 Office AustraliaMelbourne 225 242.3
39 Verzasca Dam 1965 Dam SwitzerlandTicino 220 220
40 Westin Peachtree 1973 Skyscraper United StatesAtlanta 220 220 73rd floor
41 Mratinje Dam 1975 Dam MontenegroMratinje 220 220 in Plužine municipality[1]
42 Sky Tower 1997 Concrete tower New ZealandAuckland 220 328
43 Prudential Tower 1964 Skyscraper United StatesBoston 213[5] 228 50th floor ("Prudential Skywalk")
44 Detroit Marriott 1977 Skyscraper United StatesDetroit 212.3 221.5 70th floor
45 Tour Montparnasse 1972 Skyscraper FranceParis 209 209
46 Fernsehturm Berlin 1969 Concrete tower GermanyBerlin 207 368
47 Almendra Dam 1970 Dam SpainAlmendra 202 202
48 Kölnbrein Dam 1979 Dam AustriaMalta 200 200
49 Main Tower 1999 Skyscraper GermanyFrankfurt 200 240
50 Olympiaturm 1968 Concrete tower GermanyMunich 192 291
51 Vysotsky 2011 Skyscraper RussiaYekaterinburg 186 188.3 Observation deck was opened on 3 May 2012[6]
52 Gateway Arch 1965 steel/concrete United StatesSt Louis ~185 192 [citation needed]
53 Bitexco Financial Tower 2010 Skyscraper VietnamHo Chi Minh City 181 262.5 47th floor
54 Tower of the Americas 1968 Concrete tower United StatesSan Antonio 176 229
55 Olympic Stadium 1987 Concrete tower CanadaMontreal 175 175
56 Rheinturm 1982 Concrete tower GermanyDüsseldorf 174.5 240.5
57 Carew Tower 1931 Skyscraper United StatesCincinnati 171.3 175 roof observation deck
58 Donauturm 1964 Concrete tower AustriaVienna 169.4 252
59 Space Needle 1962 Steel tower United StatesSeattle 158.5 184.4
60 Calgary Tower 1968 Concrete tower CanadaCalgary 157.5 190.8
61 Las Vegas Eiffel Tower 1999 Steel tower United StatesParadise 140.2 164.6 ½ scale (originally to be full-sized)[citation needed]
62 Foshay Tower 1929 Skyscraper United StatesMinneapolis 136.2 185 30th floor
63 Custom House Tower 1915 Skyscraper United StatesBoston 136 151 26th floor
64 Kansas City City Hall 1937 Skyscraper United StatesKansas City 135 151 30th floor
65 Avala Tower 2009 Concrete tower SerbiaBelgrade 135 204.5
66 Penobscot Observatory 2007 bridge tower United StatesPenobscot R 133[7] 136 3rd level (1st & 2nd levels @ 122 & 128 m)
67 Edifice Marie-Guyart 1972 Skyscraper CanadaQuebec City 126.5 126.5 31st floor
68 Smith Tower 1914 Skyscraper United StatesSeattle 122 141 35th floor
69 Kuwait viewing sphere 1979 Concrete tower KuwaitKuwait City 120 187 (1990 Liberation Tower of ~300 m is not open to public)
70 National Monument (Indonesia) 1975 Obelisk Monument IndonesiaJakarta 115 132
71 KölnTriangle 2006 Skyscraper GermanyCologne 103.2 103.2 29th floor[8]
72 Faro de Moncloa 1992 Concrete Tower SpainMadrid 90 110
73 Alor Setar Tower 1998 Tower MalaysiaAlor Setar 88 165.5
74 Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument 1888 Obelisk Monument United StatesIndianapolis 84[9] 87
75 Statue of Liberty 1886 Statue United StatesLiberty Island 80 93[10] crown level (~90 m torch level closed to public in 1916)[2]
76 Antey-1 2004 Skyscraper RussiaYekaterinburg 76 76
77 Liberty Memorial 1926 Concrete tower United StatesKansas City 66 66
78 Mt Washington towers[original research?] 2000 Steel Structure United StatesPittsburgh 66 66 towers overlook Downtown Pittsburgh
79 Coit Tower 1933 Concrete tower United StatesSan Francisco 64 64

List of highest observation decks by type[edit]

Type Name and Location Constructed Height Notes
Enclosed Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, China 2008 474 m (1,555 ft)
Outdoor Canton Tower, Guangzhou, China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft)
On skyscraper Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, China 2008 474 m (1,555 ft)
On tower Canton Tower, Guangzhou, China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft)
Bridge Royal Gorge Bridge 1929 291 m (955 ft) Above water level.
Dam Grande Dixence Dam 1964 285 m (935 ft)
One & Two World Trade Center (article), New York City, USA 1972 & 1973 419.7 m (1,377 ft) Measured above sea level. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.

Timeline of world's highest observation decks[edit]

This is a timeline of the development of world's highest observation decks since inauguration of the Eiffel Tower in 1889.

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height of highest observation deck Notes
From To
1889 1931 Eiffel Tower, Paris, France 1889 275 m (902 ft) Two further observation decks 57 & 115 m.
1931 1973 Empire State Building, New York City, USA 1931 369 m (1,211 ft)[3] A second observation deck is located on the 86th floor at 320 metres above ground.
1973 1974 World Trade Center, New York City, USA (article) 1973 399.4 m (1,310 ft) Measured above sea level.. Indoor observatory on the 107th floor of South Tower opened on April 4, 1973. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.
1974 1975 Sears Tower (since renamed Willis Tower), Chicago, USA 1974 412.4 m (1,353 ft) 103rd floor observation deck opened on June 22, 1974
1975 1976 World Trade Center, New York City, USA (article) 1973 419.7 m (1,377 ft) Measured above sea level. Outdoor observatory on rooftop of the South Tower opened on December 15, 1975. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.
1976 2008 CN Tower, Toronto, Canada 1976 446.5 m (1,465 ft) Two further observation decks 342 and 346 metres above ground.
2008 2011 Shanghai World Financial Centre, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 2008 474 m (1,555 ft) Other observation decks are at 423 m (1,388 ft) and 439 m (1,440 ft).
2011 Canton Tower, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft) The outdoor rooftop observation deck opened in December 2011. There are also several other indoor observation decks in the tower, the highest at 433.2 m (1,421 ft).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Skyscraper Page". Retrieved 2010-03-27.  Atlanta, Cincinnati, CN, Detroit, Eiffel, GE, Las Vegas, Sears, Seattle, Shanghai, Tianjin
  2. ^ Burj Dubai Facts And Figures, source: Landmark Properties Real Estate.
  3. ^ a b "The Empire State Building". Wired New York. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  4. ^ http://www.intomoscow.ru/modules.php?name=Contentp&pa=showpage&pid=842&cid=c
  5. ^ "Prudential Skywalk Observation Deck & Exhibit". World Travel Guide. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  6. ^ http://www.radioc.ru/events/74825/
  7. ^ "Penobscot Narrows Observatory". MaineGuide.com. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  8. ^ Fact and Figures koelntrianglepanorama.de
  9. ^ "Soldiers and Sailors Monument and Colonel Eli Lilly Civil War Museum website". Indiana War Memorials Commission. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  10. ^ "Statue of Liberty Facts". Retrieved 2010-03-27.