Obstructive uropathy is a structural or functional hindrance of normal urine flow, sometimes leading to renal dysfunction (obstructive [1 ] nephropathy).
It is a very broad term, and does not imply a location or etiology.
It can be caused by a lesion at any point in the
urinary tract. [2 ]
urolithiasis, posterior urethral valves and ureteral herniation. [3 ] [3 ]
Symptoms [ edit ]
Symptoms, less likely in chronic obstruction, are pain radiating to the T11 to T12
dermatomes, anuria, nocturia, or polyuria.
Diagnosis [ edit ]
Diagnosis is based on results of bladder
catheterization, ultrasonography, CT scan, cystourethroscopy, or pyelography, depending on the level of obstruction.
Treatment [ edit ]
Treatment, depending on cause, may require prompt drainage of the
bladder via catheterization, medical instrumentation, surgery (e.g. endoscopy, lithotripsy), hormonal therapy, or a combination of these modalities.
References [ edit ]
^ "Definition: obstructive uropathy from Online Medical Dictionary".
^ Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Fausto, Nelso; Robbins, Stanley L.; Abbas, Abul K.; Cotran, Ramzi S. (2005). Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders. p. 1012. ISBN 0-7216-0187-1.
^ a b Tsai PJ, Lin JT, Wu TT, Tsai CC (September 2008). "Ureterosciatic hernia causes obstructive uropathy". J Chin Med Assoc 71 (9): 491–3. doi: 10.1016/S1726-4901(08)70155-2. PMID 18818145.