Ocaña, Norte de Santander

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Ocaña, Norte de Santander
Municipality and town
Plazaocaña.JPG
Flag of Ocaña, Norte de Santander
Flag
Official seal of Ocaña, Norte de Santander
Seal
Location of the municipality and town of Ocaña, Norte de Santander in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Ocaña, Norte de Santander in the Norte de Santander Department of Colombia.
Ocaña, Norte de Santander is located in Colombia
Ocaña, Norte de Santander
Ocaña, Norte de Santander
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 8°14′N 73°21′W / 8.233°N 73.350°W / 8.233; -73.350
Country  Colombia
Department Norte de Santander Department
Founded 1570
Incorporated 1857
Government
 • Mayor Jesus Antonio Sanchez
Area
 • Total 460 km2 (180 sq mi)
Elevation 1,202 m (3,944 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 88,858
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Demonym Ocañero
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 57 + 7
Website Official website (Spanish)

Ocaña is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Norte de Santander. Ocaña is the second largest populated center of this department. It played an important role during the Independence of Colombia from the Spanish monarchy.

History[edit]

The city was founded by Francisco Fernández de Contreras. In 1576 the city was moved to its present location. On April 9, 1828 the National Convention met to discuss the politic and administrative organization of the Republic.

Geography and climate[edit]

  1. Location: 8°14′N 73°21′W / 8.233°N 73.350°W / 8.233; -73.350. The city of Ocaña is 610 km from Bogotá.
  2. Surface: 460 km2, 2.2% of the North Santander Department total area
  3. Height: 1,202 meters on the level of the sea Ocaña are on the Andean Eastern mountain range. The 2,600 mountains surround that reach msnm. Its average temperature is 22 °C.

Economy[edit]

The main economic activities are agriculture, the livestock raising, commerce, small industries and mining, with silver operation, copper and iron. The city is served by the Aguas Claras airport.

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 8°14′N 73°21′W / 8.233°N 73.350°W / 8.233; -73.350