Occiput

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Occiput
Cranium 4.jpg
Latin occiput cranii
Artery occipital artery
Vein occipital vein
Lymph occipital lymph nodes
Dorlands
/Elsevier
12586226
TA A01.1.00.003
FMA FMA:49187
Anatomical terminology

The occiput is the anatomical term for the posterior (back) portion of the head or skull. In insects, the occiput is the posterior part of the head capsule.

The word occipital pertains to the occiput.[1]

Clinical significance[edit]

Trauma to the occiput can cause a basilar skull fracture.

Prominent occiput is a feature of Trisomy 18 (Edward's Syndrome), along with small jaw, low-set ears, and mental retardation. It is also a feature of Trisomy 9 and Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome.

Identification of the location of the fetal occiput is important in obstetrics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "occipital" A Dictionary of Zoology. Ed. Michael Allaby. Oxford University Press 2009

External links[edit]