Occupational medicine

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Not to be confused with Occupational therapy.

Occupational medicine is the branch of clinical medicine most active in the field of occupational health. OM specialists work to ensure that the highest standards of occupational health and safety can be achieved and maintained. While it may involve a wide number of disciplines, it centers on the preventive medicine and management of illness, injury or disability that is related to the workplace.[1] Occupational physicians must have a wide knowledge of clinical medicine and be competent in a number of important areas. They often advise international bodies, governmental and state agencies, organizations and trade unions. There are contextual links to insurance medicine.


Occupational health aims for the promotion and maintenance of physical, mental and social well-being of workers. This includes the prevention of negative health outcomes in workers caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; placing and maintenance of a worker in an occupational environment adapted to their physiological and psychological equipment. In sum, the goal of occupational medicine is the adaptation of work to people and of each person to their job. OM can be described as:

"work that combines clinical medicine, research, and advocacy for people who need the assistance of health professionals to obtain some measure of justice and health care for illnesses they suffer as a result of companies pursuing the biggest profits they can make, no matter what the effect on workers or the communities they operate in."[2]


The first textbook of occupational medicine, De Morbis Artificum Diatriba (Diseases of Workers), was written by Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini in 1713.

Schools that offer programs[edit]

Physicians and others trained in health and safety may specialize in various aspects of occupational medicine, including toxicology, human factors and ergonomics, epidemiology, safety studies and engineering. OM training in the U.S. is supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health through the NIOSH Education and Research Centers. Many major schools of medicine offer programs with an emphasis in occupational health and safety, including:

American schools[edit]

  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai[3]
  • West Virginia School of Medicine Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health[4]
  • Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health[5]
  • Rutgers Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute[6]
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health[7]
  • University of Michigan School of Public Health[8]
  • University of Minnesota School of Public Health/HealthPartners[9]
  • UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health[10]
  • Harvard School of Public Health[11]
  • University of Illinois-Chicago School of Public Health[12]
  • University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston[13]
  • University of Utah- Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health
  • University of South Florida College of Public Health[14]

Australian schools[edit]

  • Monash University[15]
  • University of New South Wales[16]
  • Curtin University[17]
  • Edith Cowan University[18]
  • University of New South Wales[19]

Canadian schools[edit]

  • University of Alberta[20]
  • University of Toronto[21]
  • Université de Montréal[22]

Indian schools[edit]

  • The TamilNadu Dr.MGR Medical University[23]
  • West Bengal University of Health Sciences[24]

Malaysian schools[edit]

  • University of Malaya [25]

Swiss schools[edit]

  • University of Zurich and University of Lausanne[26]

Governmental Bodies[edit]


United States of America[edit]



Non-Governmental Organizations[edit]






United States of America[edit]

See also[edit]