Oceana, West Virginia
|Oceana, West Virginia|
Cook Parkway in Oceana
Location of Oceana, West Virginia
|• Total||1.33 sq mi (3.44 km2)|
|• Land||1.29 sq mi (3.34 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||1,263 ft (385 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,364|
|• Density||1,080.6/sq mi (417.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1544323|
Oceana is the oldest city in Wyoming County.
Established in 1797 by early settler and Revolutionary War veteran John Cooke, it was county seat of Wyoming County until 1907, Oceana, when Pineville was designated after a series of disputed elections.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oceana has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,394 people, 595 households, and 408 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,080.6 inhabitants per square mile (417.2/km2). There were 651 housing units at an average density of 504.7 per square mile (194.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 595 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.4% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.84.
The median age in the town was 44.8 years. 21% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 31.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,550 people, 660 households, and 460 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,163.4 inhabitants per square mile (450.0/km²). There were 739 housing units at an average density of 554.7 per square mile (214.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.65% White, 0.06% Native American, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.
There were 660 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $19,273, and the median income for a family was $25,938. Males had a median income of $36,016 versus $15,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,925. About 27.2% of families and 33.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.6% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.
In popular culture
Oceana was the subject of the 2013 documentary film Oxyana, which portrayed a bleak picture of a community affected by widespread abuse of the prescription painkiller Oxycontin. The film premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- unknown (October 22, 2010). "The West Virginia Encyclopedia: Pineville". West Virginia Humanities Council. Retrieved 2011-07-23.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 58. ISBN 0-89933-246-3.
- Climate Summary for Oceana, West Virginia
- "Oxyana Not 'Ruin Porn' Says Documentary Maker". CBC. August 22, 2013.
- MacGillis, Alec (July 10, 2013). "A Hard Film to Swallow: The Anti-Drug Documentary that West Virginians Refuse to Watch". New Republic.
- "I've Done Horrible Things for Dope", an article in The Atlantic about Sean Dunne's documentary film