Oceana County, Michigan

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Oceana County, Michigan
Seal of Oceana County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Oceana County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1831[1]
Seat Hart
Largest city Hart
Area
 • Total 1,306.73 sq mi (3,384 km2)
 • Land 540.46 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Water 766.27 sq mi (1,985 km2), 58.64%
Population
 • (2010) 26,570
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.oceana.mi.us

Oceana County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,570.[2] The county seat is Hart.[3][1] Oceana County is thought to be named for Lake Michigan, a freshwater "ocean."[4] However, there is an opposing viewpoint which holds that it was named for the book Oceana, written by James Harrington in 1656.[1]

History[edit]

In the 1850s about 1400 Odawa were relocated here from Ionia County, Michigan by the federal government.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,306.73 square miles (3,384.4 km2), of which 540.46 square miles (1,399.8 km2) (or 41.36%) is land and 766.27 square miles (1,984.6 km2) (or 58.64%) is water.[6] Oceana County is famous as the "Asparagus Capital of the World" for its high production of asparagus. The annual Asparagus festival includes a parade and crowning of the Asparagus Queen. This is a source of great pride for those who are so crowned.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 496
1850 300 −39.5%
1860 1,816 505.3%
1870 7,222 297.7%
1880 11,699 62.0%
1890 15,698 34.2%
1900 16,644 6.0%
1910 18,379 10.4%
1920 15,601 −15.1%
1930 13,805 −11.5%
1940 14,812 7.3%
1950 16,105 8.7%
1960 16,547 2.7%
1970 17,984 8.7%
1980 22,002 22.3%
1990 22,454 2.1%
2000 26,873 19.7%
2010 26,570 −1.1%
Est. 2012 26,310 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

The 2010 United States Census[10] indicates Oceana County had a 2010 population of 26,570. This is a decrease of -303 people from the 2000 United States Census. Overall, the county had a -1.1% growth rate during this ten-year period. In 2010 there were 10,174 households and 7,239 families in the county. The population density was 51.9 per square mile (20.0 square kilometers). There were 15,944 housing units at an average density of 31.1 per square mile (12.0 square kilometers). The racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 83.7% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 13.7% Hispanic or Latino, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races.

There were 10,174 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were husband and wife families, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were non-families, and 24.6% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.9% under age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[10] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $39,043 and the median income for a family was $46,816. Males had a median income of $21,774 versus $14,186 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,065. About 1.9% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under the age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Oceana County elected officials[edit]

(information as of July 2010)

Cities, villages, and townships[edit]

Cities

Townships

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Oceana County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 290, 2013. 
  2. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Michigan county names per Michigan government.
  5. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 122
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ Diocese of Grand Rapids, Michigan.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau accessdate=March 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°40′N 86°32′W / 43.66°N 86.53°W / 43.66; -86.53