Japanese government-issued Oceanian Pound

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The Japanese government-issued Oceanian Pound was one of several issues of Japanese invasion money used during World War II. Consisting of only four denominations, the Oceanian Pound was the shortest set (i.e., total number of denominations) issued.

Geographically, the region of Oceania comprises numerous islands across the vast South and Central Pacific which includes the islands of New Zealand.[1] Certain descriptions may or may not include Australia.[2] Oceania has also been defined by island groupings: Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.[1][3] However, from a numismatic perspective (i.e., the issuance of Japanese invasion money), Oceania consists of the Gilbert and Solomon Islands, New Britain, and Papua New Guinea.[4] [5]

Issue[edit]

Common among all Japanese invasion money,[6] the Oceania notes have two identifying letters printed on the obverse. The first letter “O” indicates the note was printed and issued for Oceania.[5] The second letter is the block (or printing batch) of the note. The two lower denomination notes (half-shilling and one shilling) were printed in three blocks (OA, OB, and OC). The two higher denomination notes (10 shillings and one pound) were only printed in a single block (OA).[5]

1942 issue of Japanese invasion money (Oceania Pound)
Image Value Comment
OCE-1a-Oceania-Japanese Occupation-Half Shilling ND (1942).jpg Half Shilling
OCE-2a-Oceania-Japanese Occupation-One Shilling ND (1942).jpg One Shilling
OCE-3a-Oceania-Japanese Occupation-10 Shillings ND (1942).jpg Ten Shillings
OCE-4a-Oceania-Japanese Occupation-One Pound ND (1942).jpg One Pound

Replica notes[edit]

Early in 1944 crude copies were being made and sold out of Sydney, with the word “replica” printed in small letter on the reverse. Authorities determined that since the notes were not legal tender in Australia (with or without the word “replica”), the practice was not illegal.[7] However the responsible party, a print shop in Brisbane, was cited for violating wartime regulations governing the rationing of paper, and shut down.[8] These replica notes trade hands among numismatic collectors and their value is roughly ten-times higher than the issued, circulated notes.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Duka, Cecilio (2008). World Geography (Rev ed.). Rex Book Store, Inc. p. 117. ISBN 978-971-23-4696-5. 
  2. ^ Occena-Gutierrez, Darlene; Agno, Lydia; Balonso, Celinia; Tadena, Rosita (1998). Basic Geography (Rev ed.). JMC Press, Inc. p. 77. ISBN 971-11-0165-3. 
  3. ^ Occena-Gutierrez, Darlene; Agno, Lydia; Balonso, Celinia; Tadena, Rosita (1998). Basic Geography (Rev ed.). JMC Press, Inc. p. 78. ISBN 971-11-0165-3. 
  4. ^ "Japanese Invasion Currency: one shilling note". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d Cuhaj, George S. (2010). Paper Money General Issues 1368-1960 (13 ed.). Krause Publications. p. 929. ISBN 978-1-4402-1293-2. 
  6. ^ "Japanese Invasion Money". National Army Museum (New Zealand). Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  7. ^ Boling, Joseph; Schwan, Fred (2014). "Paper Money’s Odd Couple – Souvenir Notes". Paper Money (Society of Paper Money Collectors) 53 (4): 291. 
  8. ^ Boling, Joseph; Schwan, Fred (2014). "Paper Money’s Odd Couple – Souvenir Notes". Paper Money (Society of Paper Money Collectors) 53 (4): 292.