Oceanside, California

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Oceanside, California
City
City of Oceanside
Oceanside's Tyson St. Park beach
Oceanside's Tyson St. Park beach
Flag of Oceanside, California
Flag
Official seal of Oceanside, California
Seal
Location of Oceanside within San Diego County, California
Location of Oceanside within San Diego County, California
Oceanside, California is located in USA
Oceanside, California
Oceanside, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583Coordinates: 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583
Country  United States of America
State  California
County San Diego
Incorporated July 3, 1888[1]
Government
 • Type Council-manager[2]
 • City council[3] Mayor Jim Wood
Deputy Mayor Chuck Lowery
Jerome M. Kern
Esther C. Sanchez
Jack Feller
 • City treasurer Gary M. Ernst[4]
 • City clerk Zack Beck[5]
Area[6]
 • Total 42.174 sq mi (109.231 km2)
 • Land 41.235 sq mi (106.798 km2)
 • Water 0.939 sq mi (2.433 km2)  2.23%
Elevation[7] 66 ft (20 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)[8]
 • Total 167,086
 • Estimate (2013)[9] 174,558
 • Rank 3rd in San Diego County
26th in California
 • Density 4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 92049, 92051, 92052, 92054, 92056–92058
Area codes 442/760
FIPS code 06-53322
GNIS feature IDs 1652761, 2411301
City flower Crimson Lake Bougainvillea
Website www.ci.oceanside.ca.us

Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The city had a population of 167,086 at the 2010 census. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton.[10]

History[edit]

Andrew Jackson Myers, Oceanside's founder.

Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. The area—like all of California—was under Spanish, then in 1821 under Mexican rule, and conquered by the U.S. in 1848.

In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government.[11] It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead.[11]

In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a 6-mile (9.7 km) stretch of beaches. Residential areas like downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value.[citation needed] Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city.[citation needed]

In 1970, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 91.0% white, 5.1% black and 1.7% Asian.[12] After 1970, the main focus[citation needed] of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move into then relatively affordable housing. Oceanside continues to be known for the value and appreciation as a vacation home market.[13]

Geography[edit]

Oceanside is at 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583 (33.211566, -117.325701).[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109 km2). 41.2 square miles (107 km2) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) of it (2.23%) is water.

Traveling north on Interstate 5, Oceanside is the last city before Orange County. As the crow flies, it is roughly the same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is to downtown San Diego.

Climate[edit]

Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). The average high temperatures range from 64 °F (18 °C) to 77 °F (23 °C). The average low temperatures range from 45 °F (7 °C) to 64 °F (18 °C). It is not too uncommon for the temperature going from 34 °F (1 °C) to 40 °F (4 °C).

Climate data for Oceanside
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 64
(17.8)
64
(17.8)
64.9
(18.3)
66
(18.9)
69.1
(20.6)
72
(22.2)
73.9
(23.3)
73
(22.8)
71.1
(21.7)
68
(20.0)
64.9
(18.3)
64
(17.8)
67.91
(19.96)
Average low °F (°C) 45
(7.2)
46.9
(8.3)
51.1
(10.6)
55.9
(13.3)
60.1
(15.6)
63
(17.2)
64
(17.8)
61
(16.1)
55.9
(13.3)
48.9
(9.4)
48
(8.9)
45
(7.2)
53.73
(12.07)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.42
(61.5)
2.23
(56.6)
2.11
(53.6)
0.92
(23.4)
0.23
(5.8)
0.09
(2.3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.13
(3.3)
0.29
(7.4)
0.43
(10.9)
0.92
(23.4)
1.34
(34)
11.13
(282.7)
Source: www.intellicast.com, May 2011[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 330
1910 673 103.9%
1920 1,161 72.5%
1930 3,508 202.2%
1940 4,651 32.6%
1950 12,881 177.0%
1960 24,971 93.9%
1970 40,494 62.2%
1980 76,698 89.4%
1990 128,398 67.4%
2000 161,029 25.4%
2010 167,086 3.8%
Est. 2014 174,558 4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2013 Estimate[17]

2010[edit]

Looking south over Oceanside Blvd.

The 2010 United States Census[18] reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086. The population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile (1,529.7/km²). The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 (65.2%) White, 7,873 (4.7%) African American, 1,385 (0.8%) Native American, 11,081 (6.6%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 0.7% Japanese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Indian), 2,144 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 25,886 (15.5%) from other races, and 9,697 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons (35.9%). 31.3% of the population were Mexican American. Non-Hispanic Whites numbered 74,959 persons (44.8%).

The Census reported that 166,150 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 802 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 134 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 (34.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 (11.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,504 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 472 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 14,117 households (23.8%) were made up of individuals and 6,161 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 40,259 families (68.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.

The population was spread out with 39,817 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 19,028 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,501 people (12.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile (589.9/km²), of which 34,986 (59.1%) were owner-occupied, and 24,252 (40.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. 97,645 people (58.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 68,505 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, and 39,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,531.7/km²). There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile (566.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% White, 30.2% Hispanic, 6.3% African American, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan Native, 0.1% from another race alone, and 3.2% from two or more races. (These figures have been adjusted to classify Hispanics as a separate group from whites, blacks, Asians, and other races; U.S. census data do not separate out Latinos in this manner.)

In 2000, there were 56,488 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33.

The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,329. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Oceanside Marina

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Tri-City Medical Center 1,900
2 City of Oceanside 1,060
3 Mira Costa College 1,000
4 Select Staffing 600
5 North County Transit District 600
6 Genentech 500
7 Milagro Ranch 400
8 Ocean's Eleven Casino 400
9 Hydranautics 300
10 Registry Network 300

Attractions[edit]

Oceanside Pier
  • The Oceanside Pier, first built in 1888 (and now in its sixth incarnation), is one of the longest wooden piers on the western United States coastline at 1,942 feet (592 m).[21]
  • The historic district of Mount Ecclesia, home to the Rosicrucian Fellowship, is noted for its singular architecture and the preservation of nature grounds and gardens, offering a unique meditative walking experience.
  • The California Surf Museum is located in downtown Oceanside.
  • The Oceanside Transit Center provides train services on Amtrak, Metrolink, Coaster, and Sprinter.
  • Oceanside has annually played host to the official start of 3000 mile bicycle race, Race Across America since 2006, usually held in the second week in June. It is considered the world's toughest sporting event by many experts.[22]
  • Oceanside hosts The Beach Soccer Championships The Beach Soccer Championships since 2007, the festival is the largest on the west coast and takes place weekend after mother's day in May. The event has a PRO side to the event called The Beach Soccer USA Cup and it is considered to host the toughest competition of its kind in the USA.


Government[edit]

Oceanside City Hall complex

Municipal government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $295.2 million in revenues, $252.8 million in expenditures, $962.8 million in total assets, $195.3 million in total liabilities, and $223.7 million in cash and investments.[23]

State and federal representation[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Oceanside is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chavez.[24]

In the United States House of Representatives, Oceanside is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa.[25]

Education[edit]

Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, Carlsbad Unified School District, Fallbrook Union High School District, or Fallbrook Union Elementary School District, depending on their actual address. The Oceanside Unified School District provides instrumental music programs in grades 4-12. No bus service is offered in Oceanside ISD, with the exception for those who reside on Camp Pendleton and the special needs students.

The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School off Rancho Del Oro and Oceanside High School off Mission Avenue. High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. OUSD has 24 schools plus three charter schools, including the School of Business and Technology, and two brand new schools, Louise Foussat Elementary School and Cesar E. Chavez Middle School, that opened in the Fall of 2007. Cesar Chavez Middle School, which is on the corner of Frazee and Oleander, will be built on a 14 acres (5.7 ha), house 11 building totaling 84,000 square feet (7,800 m2) and will serve 1,000 6th–8th grade students.

The other school, Louise Foussat Elementary School, located on Pala Road, is built on 12.6 acres (5.1 ha) of land with 35 classrooms totaling 54, 490 square feet (46 m2) and can accommodate 800 students.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Major League Baseball players[edit]

National Football League players[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "City At A Glance". City of Oceanside, California. Retrieved January 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ "City Council". City of Oceanside, CA. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ "City Treasurer". City of Oceanside, CA. Retrieved January 14, 2015. 
  5. ^ "City Clerk". City of Oceanside, CA. Retrieved January 14, 2015. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. 
  7. ^ "Oceanside". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Oceanside (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  9. ^ https://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2014/index.html
  10. ^ Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
  11. ^ a b "Image:Oceanside plaque". Retrieved July 17, 2006. 
  12. ^ "Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  13. ^ Fletcher, June (June 13, 2005). "The Hottest Vacation-Home Markets: Second homes are sizzling; We tell you where -- and why". The Wall Street Journal. p. R1. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ "Oceanside historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved May 9, 2011. 
  16. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  18. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Oceanside city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved August 13, 2009
  21. ^ http://www.visitoceanside.org/travel-tips/oceanside-pier-2/
  22. ^ http://news.discovery.com/adventure/extreme-sports/8-most-grueling-events-130429.htm
  23. ^ City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved August 13, 2009
  24. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  25. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  26. ^ "Q&A: Bobbi DePorter; founder of Quantum Learning Network". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  27. ^ Ahrens, Chris (September 17, 1992). "Surfing the Wave of Tradition". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  28. ^ The Hebrew Hulk
  29. ^ "Elected officials are skilled — at getting elected". North Country Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009. [dead link]
  30. ^ The International Who's Who of Women 2002
  31. ^ Barbara Mandrell
  32. ^ http://www.gwsports.com/sports/w-softbl/mtt/meyers_elana00.html
  33. ^ Denis Richards Pictures
  34. ^ Edgar Meyer and Chris Thile
  35. ^ D.J. Clark
  36. ^ Joe Salave'a
  37. ^ "Former Charger Junior Seau Commits Suicide: Cops". NBC San Diego.com. NBC. Retrieved May 2, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Ken Stills NFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. September 6, 1963. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  39. ^ Toussaint Tyler NFL & AFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football Reference. Retrieved February 10, 2010.

External links[edit]