Lacerta lepida Daudin, 1802
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The ocellated lizard is one of the largest members of its family. The adult is 30 to 60 cm (1–2 ft) long and may reach up to 90 cm (3 ft), weighting more than 0.5 kg (1.1 lbs). About two-thirds of its length is tail. Newly hatched young are 4 to 5 cm (1½-2 in) long, excluding tail.
This reptile is found in various wild and cultivated habitats from sea level up to 2100 m in southern Spain. It is rare at higher altitudes. It pefers dry, bushy areas, such as open woodland and scrub, old olive groves and vineyards, and is sometimes found on more open, rocky or sandy areas. It can occasionally seen basking on roadsides. The lizard usually stays on the ground, but climbs well on rocks and in trees. It can dig holes and sometimes uses abandoned rabbit burrows.
This is a robust lizard with a serrated collar. The male has a characteristic broad head. It has thick, strong legs, with long, curved claws. The dorsal background colour is usually green, but sometimes grey or brownish, especially on the head and tail. This is overlaid with black stippling that may form a bold pattern of interconnected rosettes. The underside is yellowish or greenish. The male is brighter in colour than the female and has blue spots on its flanks; there are fewer or none in the female. Young are green, grey, or brown, with yellowish or white, often black-edged, spots all over.
This lizard feeds mainly on large insects, especially beetles, and also robs birds’ nests and occasionally takes reptiles, frogs, and small mammals. It also eats fruit and other plant matter, especially in dry areas.
Breeding occurs in late spring or early summer. Males are territorial in spring and fight in the breeding season. The female lays up to 22 eggs in June and July about three months after mating, hiding them under stones and logs or in leaf litter or in loose damp soil. It tends to lay fewer, larger eggs in dry areas. The eggs hatch in eight to 14 weeks. The lizard is sexually mature at two years of age.
- Timon lepidus ibericus - northwestern Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal)
- Timon lepidus lepidus
- Timon lepidus nevadensis - southeastern Spain
- Timon lepidus oteroi
The ocellated lizard is part of the cuisine of Extremadura, Spain. In this region, a speciality known as lagarto con tomate is served. This dish is made by frying slices of lizard in olive oil, after which they are stewed with tomatoes and onions on a slow fire in an earthenware pot. This species is currently under protection in Spain; capture and trade is forbidden.
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