Ocellated lizard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ocellated lizard
Timon lepidus
LagartoOcelado.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Sauria
Family: Lacertidae
Genus: Timon
Species: T. lepidus
Binomial name
Timon lepidus
(Daudin, 1802)
Subspecies

T. l. ibericus López-Seoane, 1884
T. l. lepidus Daudin, 1802
T. l. nevadensis Buchholz,[disambiguation needed] 1963
T. l. oteroi Castroviejo & Mateo, 1998

Mapa Timon lepidus.png
Synonyms

Lacerta lepida Daudin, 1802

The ocellated lizard (Timon lepidus) (syn. Lacerta lepida) is a species of wall lizard also known as the (Portuguese: sardão, Spanish: lagarto ocelado).

Description[edit]

The ocellated lizard is one of the largest members of its family. The adult is 30 to 60 cm (1–2 ft) long and may reach up to 90 cm (3 ft), weighing more than 0.5 kg (1.1 lbs).[2] About two-thirds of its length is tail. Newly hatched young are 4 to 5 cm (1½-2 in) long, excluding tail.

This is a robust lizard with a serrated collar. The male has a characteristic broad head. It has thick, strong legs, with long, curved claws. The dorsal background colour is usually green, but sometimes grey or brownish, especially on the head and tail. This is overlaid with black stippling that may form a bold pattern of interconnected rosettes. The underside is yellowish or greenish. The male is brighter in colour than the female and has blue spots on its flanks; there are fewer or none in the female. Young are green, grey, or brown, with yellowish or white, often black-edged, spots all over.

Male and female ocellated lizard, Timon lepidus, courting.

Distribution[edit]

Timon lepidus is native to southwestern Europe. It is found throughout the Iberian peninsula (Spain, Portugal), and is patchily distributed in southern France and extreme northwestern Italy. The range for each subspecies is:

  • Timon lepidus ibericus - northwestern Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal)
  • Timon lepidus lepidus
  • Timon lepidus nevadensis - southeastern Spain
  • Timon lepidus oteroi

Ecology and Conservation[edit]

This reptile is found in various wild and cultivated habitats from sea level up to 2100 m in southern Spain. It is rare at higher altitudes. It prefers dry, bushy areas, such as open woodland and scrub, old olive groves and vineyards, and is sometimes found on more open, rocky or sandy areas. It can occasionally be seen basking on roadsides. The lizard usually stays on the ground, but climbs well on rocks and in trees. It can dig holes and sometimes uses abandoned rabbit burrows.

This lizard feeds mainly on large insects, especially beetles, and also robs birds’ nests and occasionally takes reptiles, frogs, and small mammals. It also eats fruit and other plant matter, especially in dry areas.

Breeding occurs in late spring or early summer. Males are territorial in spring and fight in the breeding season. The female lays up to 22 eggs in June and July about three months after mating, hiding them under stones and logs or in leaf litter or in loose damp soil. It tends to lay fewer, larger eggs in dry areas. The eggs hatch in eight to 14 weeks. The lizard is sexually mature at two years of age.

This species is currently under protection in Spain; capture and trade is forbidden.[3]

Gastronomy[edit]

Mistakenly the ocellated lizard is consider an ingredient of the cuisine of Extremadura, Spain. In this region, there is a speciality known as lagarto con tomate (Lizard with tomato). This dish is made by frying slices of a particular cut of Black Iberian pig called lagarto which is not related to the lizard .[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]