Ocieka

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Ocieka
Village
Traditional House in Ocieka Village
Traditional House in Ocieka Village
Ocieka is located in Poland
Ocieka
Ocieka
Coordinates: 50°8′N 21°35′E / 50.133°N 21.583°E / 50.133; 21.583
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County POL powiat ropczycko-sędziszowski flag.svg Ropczyce-Sędziszów
Gmina Ostrów
Population 1,233

Ocieka [ɔˈt͡ɕeka] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ostrów, within Ropczyce-Sędziszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north of Ostrów, 7 km (4 mi) north-west of Ropczyce, and 33 km (21 mi) west of the regional capital Rzeszów.[1]

(Between 1975-1998 Ocieka was in the Rzeszów Voivodeship). The village has a population of 1,233 and lies on the main road between Ropczyce and Mielec. It is situated in the Sandomierz Wilderness (Polish: Puszcza Sandomierska), one of the biggest forests in southern Poland, which covers large parts of the Sandomierz Basin, an areas was once popular with Polish nobility (Polish: Szlachta) for hunting and fishing. Ocieka lies on the Tuszymka river, a tributary of the Wisłoka river. In the past this area was known for iron smelting and iron goods.[2]

History[edit]

Since its formation in the late 15th century Ocieka has been known by several different names; although these appear to be phonetic variations of the same name. Parish documents and chronicles show it as ‘Otsijeka’, ‘Odszycha’ and ‘Ucieka’.[3] The village was named by Anna née Ocieska Mielecka and it is probably the ancestral seat of the ‘Ocieskis’, who also owned Rzemień, a village to the north of Ocieka.[2] In the 15th century the area was popular with Polish nobility (Polish: Szlachta) for hunting. The Polish king Władysław II Jagiełło was said to be a frequent visitor to the area, listing it as one of his ‘favourite’ places for ‘hunting and recuperation’.[4] According to a local legend, in the region near Ocieka there occurred a battle against the Tatars. The Polish knights achieved a resounding victory. To commemorate this, a hill close by became known as ‘Góra Tatarska’ (Tatar Hill).[3] In 1531 the Grand Crown Hetman, Jan Amor Tarnowski led a Polish army against the Moldavian Prince (‘Hospodar’) Petru IV Rareş (Polish: ‘Piotr Raresz’) in the Battle of Obertyn. Despite being outnumbered four to one, the battle ended with a Polish victory, a complete Tatar surrender, and the reconquest of Pokuttya or ‘Pokuttia’ (Ukrainian: Покуття, Romanian: Pocuţia, Polish: Pokucie). Tarnowski brought his Tatar prisoners-of-war back to Ocieka. These prisoners became the first occupants of a new settlement near Ocieka called ‘Sadykierz’. The name ‘Sadykierz’ has distinct Tatar origins, just as do today's inhabitants of the same village (The original settlement of ‘Sadykierz’ was located by a post-glacial lake, home to a rare species of white water-lily.)[3]

Ocieka became an independent parish in 1610.[5] At this time, Ocieka had a very industrial character; tar and wood charcoal was manufactured here, as was iron. In the 17th and 18th centuries there was a glass foundry nearby. At this time the ownership of the village passed from the ‘Ocieski’ family to the ‘Romerów’ (or ‘Romer’) family.[3]

World War II[edit]

During the Second World War, the church in Ocieka was converted into a warehouse, for the storage of specialist test-rocket construction materials.[3] From 5 November 1943 until early July 1944, a team of German scientists, led by Wernher von Braun, built and tested V-2 rockets in the nearby village of Blizna.[3][7][8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office(GUS) – TERYT(National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)". Flag of Poland.svg(in Polish). 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2008-09-10. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Slownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego". - Warsaw (1886, vol. 7, page 370) Flag of Poland.svg(in Polish). Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f 'Bociek, Jan. "Parafia św. Katarzyny Aleksandryjskiej PM w Ociece". © 2007.Flag of Poland.svg(in Polish). Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  4. ^ Kłos, Stanisław. "Wojewodztwo Rzeszowskie Przewodnik", page 178 © Sport i Turystyka, 1969.
  5. ^ Benarz, Dennis. "Parafia Ocieka". © 2005-2006 Chicagoland USA. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  6. ^ Kłos, Stanisław. "Wojewodztwo Rzeszowskie Przewodnik", page 176 © Sport i Turystyka, 1969.
  7. ^ Zak, Anatoly: RussianSpaceWeb.Com: 2009
  8. ^ Gatland, Kenneth William: Project Satellite: 1958 p82

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 50°8′N 21°35′E / 50.133°N 21.583°E / 50.133; 21.583