Ockbrook

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Coordinates: 52°55′12″N 1°22′20″W / 52.92000°N 1.372354°W / 52.92000; -1.372354

Ockbrook
Ockbrook is located in Derbyshire
Ockbrook
Ockbrook
 Ockbrook shown within Derbyshire
Population see parish
OS grid reference SK424360
Civil parish Ockbrook and
Borrowash
District Erewash
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Derby
Postcode district DE72
Dialling code 01332
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Mid Derbyshire
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Ockbrook is an ancient village in Derbyshire, England. It is almost contiguous with the village of Borrowash, the two only separated by the A52. Ockbrook lies about 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Derby.

History[edit]

There is evidence of human activity in Ockbrook as far back as 10000 BC (the Mesolithic) in the form of two bifacial cores of flint. A small greenstone axe head attests to Neolithic activity. There is no direct evidence from the Bronze Age [4].

From the Iron Age there is a variety of evidence obtained during the excavation of a Romano-British aisled building at Littlehay Grange Farm between 1994 and 1997. This includes sherds of Ancaster Breedon scored ware and Aylesford-Swarling Pottery, a Group A one-piece brooch, an Iron Age coin of silver dating to between 40 BC and 10 AD, and an Iron Age ring headed pin or spike [4].

Evidence of occupation during the Roman period includes the sites of three farmsteads, one of which has been excavated. From these it appears that the fortunes of the area at that time mirrored those of nearby Derventio (Roman Derby), with a boom starting during the 2nd century AD followed by abandonment at the end of the 4th century [4].

During the early Dark Ages, Ockbrook was part of the Kingdom of Mercia. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, this was founded in 560 by Creoda, one of who’s followers may have had the personal name Occa [4].

It was this Occa (an Anglo Saxon) who established Ockbrook in the 6th century on the banks of a small stream, the Ock [4].

During the ninth century, the Danes invaded and swept through large swathes of England until fought to a standstill by Alfred the Great. The country was partitioned as a consequence c874 and Ockbrook, being east of Watling Street (the present day A5) would have been in the Danelaw. This period is attested to by two place names, The Ridings and Carrhill, which derive from Danish. Despite frequent skirmishes between Danes and the English hereabouts, the Danelaw survived until 1066 when, according to the Domesday Book, the manor was held by Toki[disambiguation needed] (probably a Dane) [4]. The entry reads:

"...In Ockbrook Tochi had four carucates of land (assessed) to the geld, land for four ploughs. There are now ten villeins and two Bordars having three ploughs and four rent paying tenants rendering 14 shillings. There are five acres of meadow, woodland for pannage one league in length and half a league wide. In King Edward’s day worth £4 now 40 shillings belonging to the Bishop of Chester..." [4].

By 1086 the manor had been transferred either to the extensive holdings of Geoffrey Alselin or to the Bishop of Chester (according to Domesday), both of whom were Norman. c1130 it was divided between two sons of Sir Ralph Halselin whence half descended to the Bardolfs of Wormegay (who sold it to the Foljambe's c1420) and half to Serlo de Grendon who granted it to Dale Abbey. At the Reformation, these shares were largely broken up amongst the freeholders, notably the Battelles, Harpurs, Keyes[disambiguation needed] (of Hopwell) and Wilmots (of Chaddesden) [1].

In 1750 the Moravian Church established a settlement here, one of only three remaining in the country. This was on the edge of the old village and separate from it. The buildings are Georgian red brick and two of them, the Manse (1822) and the Chapel (1751–1752) are grade II listed [5].

From the early 19th century, middle-class families from Derby and Long Eaton took advantage of the fragmented landowning pattern to acquire land and build elegant villas [1]. Also during this period, work diversified to include four silk glove makers, four shoemakers, and a straw bonnet maker [2].

Borrowood Golf Club, Ockbrook, (now defunct) was founded in 1902 and continued until WW2. [1]

In more recent times, extensive new housing developments have turned Ockbrook into a commuter dormitory for Derby.

Area and population growth[edit]

The area of the village is 1,730 acres (700 ha)[1].

The population growth figures include Borrowash and are taken from [1] and [6].

Population growth 1801-2001.
1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
827 934 1203 1634 1765 1763 1506 1633 1938 2166
1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991
2567 2807 2969 2971 3373 3775 5278 7107 7436 7092
2001
7331

Schools[edit]

Churches[edit]

Lych Gate of All Saints Parish Church

Pubs[edit]

  • Cross Keys. Still has a knitters window where stockings were made for Queen Victoria and her court [2].
  • Queens Head.
  • Royal Oak. Ockbrook's oldest pub, it was held by the Peet family for the three hundred years from ~1610 to 1912, a remarkable record [1]. Beer was once brewed here, using water from the pub's own well, now capped by a stone slab near the front door [5].
  • White Swan. Situated opposite All Saints church on Church Street.

Amenities[edit]

Streets, gitties and footpaths[edit]

This list of streets is taken from [3]:

  • Anne Potter Close
  • Bakehouse Lane
  • Bare Lane - See note below
  • Cedar Drive
  • Church Street
  • Cole Lane
  • Collier Lane
  • Collumbell Avenue
  • Croft Close
  • Far Lane: The ancient hedgerows along its upper reaches indicate that this is a very old track, probably dating from the Mesolithic. It is possible that it once connected with the Port-ways i.e. the rivers Derwent and Trent [5].
  • Flood Street
  • Green Lane - See note below
  • Hargrave Avenue
  • Hill Croft Drive
  • Homefarm Close
  • Moor Lane - See note below
  • New Street
  • Orchard Close
  • Pares Way
  • Ryal Close
  • Shop Stones
  • Sisters Lane
  • The Paddock
  • The Ridings: The name is Danish either for a clearing or a similar sounding word meaning a third division [5].
  • The Settlement
  • Top Manor Close
  • Victoria Avenue
  • Wesley Lane
  • Windmill Close
  • Yew Tree Avenue
  • Note - Bare Lane, Green Lane and Moor Lane form one continuous road through the village.

The quickest route between two points in the village is often via a gitty. These were originally footpaths through fields. They have survived the encroachment of housing by mutating into high walled or fenced alleyways between the buildings and gardens of the new (and old) developments.

Gitty between old buildings.
Gitty between new buildings.

Numerous footpaths start at the village boundary (often as the continuation of a street or gitty) and lead over the fields to neighbouring villages, hamlets and farms.

Historic maps (in chronological order)[edit]

  • OS 25" Edition 1 1871-1882, Derbyshire sheet L sub-sheets 11, 12, 15, 16.
Extract from OS 1880 25" map showing Ockbrook.
  • OS 6" County Series Edition 1 1887, Derbyshire sheet L SE.                                                                              
Extract from OS 1887 6" map showing Ockbrook.
  • OS 25" Edition 2 1896-1900, Derbyshire sheet L sub-sheets 11, 12, 15, 16.
  • OS 6" County Series Edition 2 1901, Derbyshire sheet L SE.
Extract from OS 1901 6" map showing Ockbrook.
  • OS 6" County Series Edition 3 did not include Derbyshire.
  • OS 25" Edition 3 1914-1925, Derbyshire sheet L sub-sheets 11, 12, 15, 16.
  • OS 6" County Series Revision 1 1919, Derbyshire sheet L SE.
Extract from OS 1919 6" map showing Ockbrook.
  • OS 6" County Series Revision 2 1913 & 1938, Derbyshire sheet L SE.
Extract from OS 1938 6" map showing Ockbrook.
  • OS 25" Revision 1 1939-1947, Derbyshire sheet L sub-sheets 11, 12, 15, 16.
  • OS 25" Revision 2 did not include Derbyshire.

OS = Ordnance Survey.

OS sheets use Roman numerals, so L = 50.

This list is incomplete.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Borrowood Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.

[1] The Illustrated History of Derby's Suburbs, Maxwell Craven, The Breedon Books Publishing Company, ISBN 1-85983-031-5.
[2] Derbyshire Villages, Derbyshire Federation of Women's Institutes, Countryside Books, ISBN 1-85306-748-2.
[3] Street list from Streetmap.co.uk.
[4] Ockbrook Before Domesday, Alan Palfreyman, Ockbrook and Borrowash Historical Society, October 1999.
[5] Ockbrook Historical Trail, Ockbrook and Borrowash Historical Society, Derbyshire County Council.
[6] Email from Census Customer Services.

Further reading[edit]

  • A French Parson at Ockbrook, Marion Johnson, M. Johnson, 31 October 2001, ISBN 1-873064-09-8.
  • A history of All Saints' Church, Ockbrook: including a brief account of the early origins of the village and parish, J W Harnan, J W Harnan, 1971, ISBN 0-9502209-0-6.
  • Bold Shall I Stand: The Education of Young Women in the Moravian Settlement at Ockbrook Since 1799, James Muckle, Ockbrook School, September 1999, ISBN 0-9536600-0-1.
  • History Of The Moravian Church, J. E. Hutton, R A Kessinger Publishing Co, 17 June 2004 ISBN 1-4191-2425-0. See references to Ockbrook at [1].
  • Lords of the Manor of Ockbrook: Archives 1583 to 1605 (Ockbrook & Borrowash Record S.), Marion Johnson, Greenway Publishing, 11 April 1994, ISBN 1-873064-06-3.
  • More Memories of Ockbrook and Borrowash (pamphlet), Marion Johnson, M. Johnson, 20 October 1991, ISBN 1-873064-04-7.
  • Ockbrook and Its Parson Samuel Hey 1810-52, Marion Johnson, M. Johnson, 1 March 1991, ISBN 1-873064-02-0.
  • Ockbrook in Old Picture Postcards, J. Lec Smith, Europese Bibliotheek B.V., Uitgeverij Boekhandel Antiquariaat, February 1985, ISBN 90-288-2983-0.
  • Ockbrook in the 1820s (pamphlet), Marion Johnson, M. Johnson, 31 July 1991, ISBN 1-873064-03-9.
  • The Plumpton Letters and Papers (Camden Fifth S.), Joan Kirby (Editor), Cambridge University Press, 16 January 1997, ISBN 0-521-57394-7. See references to Ockbrook at [2].
  • Yeomen of Elizabethan Ockbrook: Archives of the Sixteenth Century (Ockbrook & Borrowash Record S.), Marion Johnson, Greenway Publishing, 11 April 1994, ISBN 1-873064-05-5.

External links[edit]