Ockley

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For other uses, see Ockley (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°08′53″N 0°21′47″W / 51.148°N 0.363°W / 51.148; -0.363

Ockley
Ockley Green.JPG
Ockley Green
Ockley is located in Surrey
Ockley
Ockley
 Ockley shown within Surrey
Area  13.75 km2 (5.31 sq mi)
Population 871 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  63 /km2 (160 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ1540
Civil parish Ockley
District Mole Valley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dorking
Postcode district RH5
Dialling code 01306
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Ockley is a rural and semi-rural village in Surrey. It is centred around the straight modern road using Stane Street (Chichester), south of where it has diverged from the A24 from London. It has a medieval parish church, see list of places of worship in Mole Valley.

History[edit]

Finds of small artifacts dating to Roman Britain due to the Roman road stretching from Chichester to London here have been made since at least the 19th century.[2]

Ockley's name fits the uncertain site of where battle took place described in the entry for the year 851 of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. According to the chronicler, king Æthelwulf and his son Æthelbald, together with the West-Saxon army, fought against an invading Danish army of 350 ships that had plundered London and Canterbury previously, and had also put king Beorhtwulf of Mercia to flight. The chronicler refers to the battlefield as Aclea, Oak Lea, and the Danish army was defeated suffering “the greatest slaughter… we have heard tell of up to this present day”.

Ockley appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Hoclei. It was held by Radulf (Ralph) from Richard Fitz Gilbert. Its domesday assets were: 1 hide. It had 5 ploughs, woodland worth 20 hogs. It rendered £3 10s 0d to its overlords per year.[3]

Nicholas Culpeper, a leading Stuart period herbalist, was born here on 18 October 1616.

In 1911 the parish was "agricultural, except for a little brick and tile making".[2]

Amenities[edit]

Pubs/restaurants[edit]

  • Cricketer's Arms
  • Inn on the Green
  • King's Arms
  • Bryce's Restaurant (also known as the Old School House).

Convenience stores and services[edit]

Ockley has a Post Office, village shop and garage, and a local vegetables shop towards the station.

Sports[edit]

Informal football is generally played on Ockley Green which has football posts in place.

Ockley has Gatton Manor Golf Course on the outskirts of the village, within the parish bounds.[4]

The village has featured in longer routes of the London-Surrey Cycle Classic.

Geography[edit]

Between Dorking and Horsham, close to the Sussex/Surrey border, Ockley stretches to the escarpment of Leith Hill, the second highest point in South East England, outranked by Walbury Hill in the far south-west of Berkshire. The northern border as such is marked by the Greensand Ridge. Close to this small beds of Sussex marble which is in fact remains of a former limestone area of the Weald are found.[2]

The village is centred about 3 km west of the A24.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

The A29 is the main road as set out. Local minor roads provide relatively straight access from just north of the village's developed area to Ewhurst to the west and Capel to the east.

Public transport[edit]

Rail and other

The village is nearest served by Ockley railway station which centred 2 miles (3.2 km) east, due to a Victorian aristocrat having imposed his manor's name on a station closer to Capel, Surrey. Neither a bus stop is in the village nor a taxi rank at Ockley station.

Footpath[edit]

An extensive network of footpaths connects the area to the Greensand Ridge and to the Sussex Border Path.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 147 132 44 18 11 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 871 352 34.7% 26.7% 1375

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ a b c H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ockley". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  4. ^ Gatton Manor Retrieved 2013-11-29

External links[edit]

Media related to Ockley at Wikimedia Commons