The Withers-Maguire House
|Motto: "The Center of Good Living"|
Location in Orange County and the state of Florida
|• Mayor||S. Scott Vandergrift (R)|
|• Total||15.7 sq mi (40.6 km2)|
|• Land||14.7 sq mi (38.1 km2)|
|• Water||1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)|
|Elevation||121 ft (37 m)|
|• Density||2,300/sq mi (880/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0288049|
Ocoee is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.7 square miles (40.6 km2). 14.7 square miles (38.1 km2) of it is land and 0.97 square miles (2.5 km2) of it (6.12%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,391 people, 8,072 households, and 6,554 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,843.1 inhabitants per square mile (711.8/km²). There were 8,405 housing units at an average density of 635.1 per square mile (245.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.47% White, 6.59% African American, 0.35% Native American, 2.93% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.22% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.20% of the population.
There were 8,072 households out of which 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.9% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.8% were non-families. 13.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 36.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $53,225, and the median income for a family was $56,865. Males had a median income of $33,628 versus $26,519 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,896. About 4.2% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2005-2009 American Community Survey the population was 31,544, and the city had a racial makeup of 74.9% White, 13.8% African American, 4.0% Asian, 0.2 %Native American, 0.1 %Pacific Islander, 5.4% some other race and 1.6% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 16.6%.
On November 2, 1920, after two black men (July Perry and Moses Norman) attempted to vote and encouraged other blacks to vote, the entire black population of the town was violently attacked. On the night of the massacre, white World War I veterans from throughout Orange County participated. At least 24 black homes were burned. All the institutions making up the black community were destroyed. Before the massacre, Ocoee's black population numbered approximately five hundred; after the massacre, however, the black population was virtually eliminated. For more than 40 years, Ocoee remained an all-white town.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Ocoee city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Ocoee city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- http://www.orlandoweekly.com/news/story.asp?id=897 Orlando Weekly 10/1/1998
- http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Fall01/white/default.html Go Ahead On, Ocoee - A Narrative Documentary Film by Bianca White & Sandra Krasa