Oconomowoc, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Oconomowoc (town), Wisconsin.
For the film, see Oconomowoc (film).
Oconomowoc
City
Downtown Oconomowoc
Downtown Oconomowoc
Official logo of Oconomowoc
Logo
Location of Oconomowoc in Wisconsin.
Location of Oconomowoc in Wisconsin.
Country United States of America
State Wisconsin
County Waukesha
Settled 1837[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor – Common Council
 • Mayor James Daley[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 12.18 sq mi (31.55 km2)
 • Land 11.54 sq mi (29.89 km2)
 • Water 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 15,759
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 15,888
 • Density 1,365.6/sq mi (527.3/km2)
Area code(s) 262

Oconomowoc /ˈkɑːnəməwɑːk/ is a city in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States. The name was derived from Coo-no-mo-wauk, the Potawatomi term for "waterfall." The population was 15,712 at the 2010 census. The city is partially adjacent to the Town of Oconomowoc and near the Village of Oconomowoc Lake.

History[edit]

Before 1700, this region was inhabited by Potawatomi peoples descended from Woodland Indians known as "mound builders."[6] There are also reports that the Sauk Indian chief Black Hawk had a campsite on Oconomowoc Lake.[7]

The first white person recorded in the area was Amable (sometimes spelled Aumable) Vicau, brother-in-law of Solomon Juneau, one of the founders of Milwaukee.[8] Vicau established a trading post in 1827.[9] White settlers soon followed beginning in 1830.

In April 1837, New York native Charles Sheldon staked a 160-acre claim on the east shore of what is now Fowler Lake, registering it with the Land Bank of Milwaukee on 21 April 1837.[10] A few days later, H.W. Blanchard acquired a claim adjacent to that of Sheldon on the other side of the lake, which he later sold off to Philo Brewer. Brewer constructed what some consider to be the first residence within Oconomowoc's current legal limits, a site now located at 517 N. Lake Road, between La Belle and Fowler lakes.[11] The first recorded birth was of Eliza Jane Dewey on 19 January 1840, in the lodgings above a chair factory located at 116 N. Walnut.[12] The first recorded death was that of Jerusha Foster, who died somewhere between the ages of 30 and 36 on 19 March 1841.[12][13] Initially buried at Zion Church point, she was eventually re-interred at Nashotah Mission.[14]

Oconomowoc was incorporated as a town in 1844, although residents had to go to Summit to get their mail until 1845.[15] Travel and communication links between the new town and nearby cities were quickly established. The Watertown Plank Road was extended to connect Oconomowoc to the nearby towns of Milwaukee, Waukesha, Pewaukee, and Watertown in 1850.[15] Such infrastructure encouraged further settlement, and by 1853 the town grew to a population of 250, with ten stores, three hotels, one gristmill and one sawmill (both located near the present Lake Road bridge), and a schoolhouse.[16] The first passenger train from Milwaukee arrived in Oconomowoc on 14 December 1854, part of the Milwaukee and Watertown Railroad Company's rapidly expanding Milwaukee & Mississippi line.[17]

In the 1870s, Oconomowoc started to became a summer resort-town for wealthy families from across the Midwest. Large houses were soon established around the town's lakes, particularly Oconomowoc Lake and Lac La Belle. The population grew so much that Oconomowoc changed from town to city in 1875, and, by 1880, had a population of 3,000.[18]

In 2003, Oconomowoc acquired Pabst Farms from the Town of Summit. Pabst Farms, which had previously been owned by the Pabst family, is being developed as a mixture of commercial and residential property.

On April 2, 2008, a gas line exploded just west of downtown, destroying the First Baptist Church on West Wisconsin Avenue. The church, which was built in 1913, was completely destroyed, except for its bell tower frame. The cause of the explosion was from an old capped off gas line (capped in 1972–73 some time) collapsing due to a construction machine as utility work was being done on Wisconsin Avenue in preparation for reconstruction of the street.[19]

Geography[edit]

Oconomowoc is located at 43°6′31″N 88°29′49″W / 43.10861°N 88.49694°W / 43.10861; -88.49694 (43.108814, −88.497019).[20] It is located in the Lake Country area of Waukesha County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.18 square miles (31.55 km2), of which, 11.54 square miles (29.89 km2) is land and 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2) is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 6,682
1970 8,742 30.8%
1980 9,909 13.3%
1990 10,993 10.9%
2000 12,383 12.6%
2010 15,759 27.3%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 15,759 people, 6,256 households, and 4,270 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,365.6 inhabitants per square mile (527.3/km2). There were 6,662 housing units at an average density of 577.3 per square mile (222.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 6,256 households of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 26.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 12,382 people, 4,968 households, and 3,293 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,845.5 people per square mile (712.5/km²). There were 5,239 housing units at an average density of 780.9 per square mile (301.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.71% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. About 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Approximately 30.7% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. Some 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $71,162, and the median income for a family was $89,233. Males had a median earnings of $60,998 versus $41,389 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,418. About 1.0% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Oconomowoc is home to Oconomowoc High School, which is a member of the Wisconsin Little Ten Conference. The school sits on 53 acres (210,000 m2) and includes a sports complex. Over 1,400 students attended the school in the 2005–2006 school year. Elementary schools in Oconomowoc serve students in grades pre-K through 4th. They include: Greenland Elementary, Summit Elementary, Park Lawn Elementary, Meadow View Elementary, and Ixonia Elementary. Oconomowoc has two middle schools, Silver Lake and Nature Hill Intermediate school, which serve students in 5th through 8th grades. These opened for the 2008–2009 year, replacing the older Oconomowoc Middle School. All schools are part of the Oconomowoc Area School District (OASD).

Popular culture[edit]

La Belle Cemetery[edit]

La Belle Cemetery is located on Grove Street in Oconomowoc. Originally called Henshall Place, it was the first cemetery in Oconomowoc. It opened in 1851 on land that is now part of Fowler Park. It later moved to Walnut Street. When the grounds became overcrowded, Charles Sheldon donated land for a new cemetery, and in 1862 burials were moved from Walnut Street to the current La Belle Cemetery grounds.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Mayor". Retrieved May 28, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  6. ^ Mary A. Kane, Oconomowoc (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006), 7.
  7. ^ Mary A. Kane, Oconomowoc (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006), 7.
  8. ^ Wally Moyle and M.T.R., "A Junior Historian's Draper Inquiry," The Wisconsin Magazine of History 36, no. 3 (1953), 205.
  9. ^ W.O. Roberts, "Early Days in Oconomowoc," Oconomowoc Free Press (29 October 1904).
  10. ^ Mary A. Kane, Oconomowoc (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006), 7.
  11. ^ Mary A. Kane, Oconomowoc (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006), 7.
  12. ^ a b Jean Lindsay Johnson, Illustrious Oconomowoc (Franklin Publishers, 1978), 13.
  13. ^ Jerusha Foster at Find A Grave
  14. ^ Newnham, Mary. 1915. "Eighty Odd Years Ago: Reminiscences of Oconomowoc and Vicinity." Oconomowoc Enterprise (July).
  15. ^ a b Barbara Barquist and David Barquist, "Oconomowoc," in The Summit of Oconomowoc: 150 Years of Summit Town (Summit History Group, 1987), 57.
  16. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society, "Oconomowoc: A Brief History," (2009).
  17. ^ Axel Lorenzsonn, Steam & Cinders: The Advent of Railroads in Wisconsin (Wisconsin Historical Society, 2010), 187.
  18. ^ Mary A. Kane, Oconomowoc (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2006), 8.
  19. ^ Seibel, Jacqui; Sink, Lisa; Rinard, Amy (April 3, 2008). "Blast levels church". JSOnline. Journal Sentinel. Retrieved May 9, 2009. 
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  22. ^ "Beloved movie's premiere was far from L.A. limelight". Wisconsin State Journal. August 12, 2009. p. a2. 
  23. ^ "Excerpt from Cryptonomicon". 
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  25. ^ "Alberts, John M. 1933". Wisconsin History.org. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  26. ^ a b "Stuart and Jill Briscoe article". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Dirk J. Debbink". Navy.mil. United States Navy. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Glenn Derby NFL & AFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on October 11, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  29. ^ "John Derby". National Football League. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  30. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=1899&search&term=foti
  31. ^ "Johnson, Byron Lindberg Biographical Information". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Archived from the original on October 11, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  32. ^ "Frank Tenney Johnson". Museum of Wisconsin Art. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  33. ^ "John Kaiser". NFL.com. NFL Enterprises LLC. Archived from the original on October 11, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Who is Rebecca Kleefisch?". Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2011. "Rebecca and Joel live in Oconomowoc." 
  35. ^ "Rebecca Parsons, CTO of ThoughtWorks". 
  36. ^ "Snyder, Harry G. 1938". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-11-23. 
  37. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/t/thompan02.shtml
  38. ^ http://www.livinglakecountry.com/oconomowocfocus/sports/63693732.html
  39. ^ "The Go-Go's Biography". Musicianguide.com. Net Industries. Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2010. 

External links[edit]