Oconto County, Wisconsin
|Oconto County, Wisconsin|
The Oconto County Court House, circa 1910
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Oconto River|
|• Total||1,149 sq mi (2,976 km2)|
|• Land||998 sq mi (2,585 km2)|
|• Water||151 sq mi (391 km2), 13.1%|
|• Density||38/sq mi (15/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
First visited by French explorers in the 17th century, Oconto County is among the oldest settlements in Wisconsin. Father Claude-Jean Allouez of the Roman Catholic Jesuit order said the first Mass in Oconto. Among the first settlers was Joseph Tourtilott, who explored much of the Oconto River watershed. Many of Tourtilott's descendants continue to reside in Oconto County, which has the highest percentage of residents with French ancestry in Wisconsin.
- Marinette County - northeast
- Brown County - south
- Shawano County - southwest
- Menominee County - west
- Langlade County - west
- Forest County - northwest
- U.S. Highway 41
- U.S. Highway 141
- Highway 22 (Wisconsin)
- Highway 32 (Wisconsin)
- Highway 64 (Wisconsin)
National protected area
- Nicolet National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 35,634 people, 13,979 households, and 10,050 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 19,812 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.76% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.9% were of German, 11.8% Polish, 6.0% French and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 13,979 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.
Oconto County is perennially among the poorest counties in Wisconsin. Stagnant growth turned to negative growth in the early years of the 21st century as employers left the region. Oconto County had an unemployment rate of over 10% in 2004.
- County Line (partial)
- Hickory Corners
- Kelly Brook
- Krakow (partial)
- Little Suamico
- Oak Orchard
- Sobieski Corners
- South Chase
- Stiles Junction
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer, (New York:Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 1364
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oconto County, Wisconsin.|
||Forest County||Marinette County|
|Langlade County and Menominee County||Green Bay|
|Shawano County||Brown County|