Oconto County, Wisconsin

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Oconto County, Wisconsin
Oconto County Court House.jpg
The Oconto County Court House, circa 1910
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oconto County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for Oconto River
Seat Oconto
Largest city Oconto
Area
 • Total 1,149 sq mi (2,976 km2)
 • Land 998 sq mi (2,585 km2)
 • Water 151 sq mi (391 km2), 13.1%
Population
 • (2010) 37,660
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.oconto.wi.us
Rural Oconto County in fall

Oconto County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,660.[1] Its county seat is Oconto.[2] The county was established in 1851.[3]

Oconto County is part of the Green Bay, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Green Bay-Shawano, WI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

First visited by French explorers in the 17th century, Oconto County is among the oldest settlements in Wisconsin. Father Claude-Jean Allouez of the Roman Catholic Jesuit order said the first Mass in Oconto. Among the first settlers was Joseph Tourtilott, who explored much of the Oconto River watershed. Many of Tourtilott's descendants continue to reside in Oconto County, which has the highest percentage of residents with French ancestry in Wisconsin.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,149 square miles (2,980 km2), of which 998 square miles (2,580 km2) is land and 151 square miles (390 km2) (13.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oconto County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,592
1870 9,321 159.5%
1880 9,848 5.7%
1890 15,009 52.4%
1900 20,874 39.1%
1910 25,657 22.9%
1920 27,104 5.6%
1930 26,386 −2.6%
1940 27,075 2.6%
1950 26,238 −3.1%
1960 25,110 −4.3%
1970 25,553 1.8%
1980 28,947 13.3%
1990 30,226 4.4%
2000 35,634 17.9%
2010 37,660 5.7%
Est. 2012 37,442 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2012[1]
Woods along U.S. Route 41

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 35,634 people, 13,979 households, and 10,050 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 19,812 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.76% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.9% were of German, 11.8% Polish, 6.0% French and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 13,979 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.

Oconto County is perennially among the poorest counties in Wisconsin. Stagnant growth turned to negative growth in the early years of the 21st century as employers left the region. Oconto County had an unemployment rate of over 10% in 2004.[citation needed]

Communities[edit]

Oconto County sign

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer, (New York:Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 1364
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°59′N 88°14′W / 44.99°N 88.23°W / 44.99; -88.23