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- For the personal name, see Octavius (praenomen).
Octavius is a Latin personal name, or praenomen, and also the nomen of the Roman gens Octavia. It may refer to any of various members of that gens.
Persons with the praenomen Octavius
- Octavius Mamilius, Dictator of Tusculum in the time of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and last King of Rome
Prominent members of the gens Octavia
- Marcus Octavius, tribunus plebis in 133 B.C., a colleague and opponent of Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus
- Gnaeus Octavius, consul in 87 B.C., he was slain by the partisans of Marius and Cinna.
- Gaius Octavius, praetor in 61 B.C., and father of Augustus
- Gaius Octavius (63 BC – AD 14), the emperor Augustus
Other persons and things named Octavius
Many of these were named after Augustus and his family.
- Octavius, a dialogue written by Marcus Minucius Felix
- Octavius, a legendary king of the Britons
- Prince Octavius of Great Britain, a younger son of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte, who did not survive infancy
- Henry Octavius Coxe, 19th-century librarian and researcher
- James Octavius Machell 19th-century horse racing expert
- Octavius, a ghost ship
- Octavius Oakley, a Victorian watercolourist
- Doctor Otto Octavius, better known as Doctor Octopus, a villain of the Spider-Man franchise
- Octavious (1⁄8 Congius) i.e. 1⁄8 gallon; and the reason "O." is a symbol for pint in the apothecaries' system.
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