October

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October (Listeni/ɒktˈbər/ ok-TOH-bər) is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and one of seven months with a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old Roman calendar, October retained its name (from the Latin "octo" meaning "eight") after January and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans.

October is commonly associated with the season of autumn in the Northern hemisphere and spring in the Southern hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to April in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa. It is also very commonly associated with Halloween in western world.

In common years January starts on the same day of the week as October, but no other month starts on the same day of the week as October in leap years. October ends on the same day of the week as February every year and January in common years only. In common years, October starts on the same day of the week as May of the previous year while in leap years, October starts on the same day of the week as August of the previous year. In common years, October ends on the same day of the week as May of the previous year while in leap years, October ends on the same day of the week as August and November of the previous year. In years immediately before common years, October starts on the same day as April and July of the following year while in years immediately before leap years, October starts on the same day of the week as September and December of the following year. In years immediately before common years, October ends on the same day of the week as July of the following year while years immediately before leap years, October ends on the same day of the week as April and December of the following year.

October events and holidays[edit]

A shop in Derry decorated for Halloween

Month-long observances[edit]

Cultural celebrations[edit]

Health observances[edit]

Culinary observances[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • The last week in October is the only time of the year when all four major North American Sports leagues schedule games - The NHL is about one month into its 6½ month regular season, The NFL is either exactly halfway through its season or within a week of being exactly halfway, the NBA generally begins its regular season this week and MLB concludes its postseason with the World Series, which last from about a week up to nine days .
  • The month of October is dedicated to the devotion of the rosary in the Roman Catholic church.[27]
  • Slavs call it "yellow month", from the fading of the leaf; to the Anglo-Saxons it was known as Winterfylleth, because at this full moon (fylleth) winter was supposed to begin.[28]
  • Eric Whitacre composed a piece based on this month, titled October.
  • Neil Gaiman wrote a story personifying the month in his collection Fragile Things entitled October in the Chair.
  • Ray Bradbury published a collection of short stories titled The October Country in 1955.

October symbols[edit]

October Star Stones:

  • Libra (Sept. 23 to Oct. 22)

Planetary Stone: Sapphire; Lucky Charms: Opal, Sardonyx, Chrysolite; birthstone: pink Tourmaline, Opal

Planetary Stone: Garnet, Ruby; Lucky Charms: Aquamarine, Beryl

  • October Mystical birthstone is Jasper.
  • October Ayurvedic Birthstone is Opal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chaudhury, Nilova. "October 2 is global non-violence day", hindustantimes.com, Hindustan Times, 15 June 2007. Retrieved on 2007-06-15
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ Staff Writer. "ancestry.com". ancestry.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Italian Heritage and Culture Month". Italyculturemonth.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ "Polish American Center". Polish American Center. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  6. ^ Celiac Awareness Month[dead link]
  7. ^ "Month Home". Health Literacy. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ "LiverFoundation.org". Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  10. ^ "National Breast Cancer Awareness Month generating awareness". Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  11. ^ "ADHA – October is National Dental Hygiene Month". Adha.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  12. ^ National Down Syndrome Society – October is Down Syndrome Awareness Month[dead link]
  13. ^ "Observing Infertility Awareness Month". Library.adoption.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  14. ^ "The Domestic Violence Awareness Month". Nrcdv.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  15. ^ [3][dead link]
  16. ^ APTA | National Physical Therapy Month[dead link]
  17. ^ "Spina Bifida Association – Spina Bifida Association". Sbaa.org. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  18. ^ [4][dead link]
  19. ^ "SUID/SIDS Resource Center". Sidscenter.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  20. ^ [5][dead link]
  21. ^ "American Pharmacists Month 2011". Pharmacist.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  22. ^ [6][dead link]
  23. ^ "October is 3D Ultrasound Awareness Month « First Peek Ultrasound Blog". Oakparkultrasound.com. 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  24. ^ "National Pizza Month". Pizza.com. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  25. ^ "Popcorn Poppin' Month". Popcorn.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  26. ^ "October is National Pork Month". ThePigSite. 2007-10-02. 
  27. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Special Devotions For Months". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  28. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "October". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  29. ^ "Gemstone Leaflet". Jewelers of America. Retrieved Jan 22, 2012. 
  30. ^ SHG Resources. "Birth Months, Flowers, and Gemstones". SHG Resources. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 

External links[edit]